Reward and Punishment in Human Learning

Reward and Punishment in Human Learning

Elements of a Behavior Theory

1st Edition - January 1, 1968

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  • Authors: Joseph Nuttin, Anthony G. Greenwald
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483222264

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Description

Reward and Punishment in Human Learning: Elements of a Behavior Theory provides a different approach to the study of reward and punishment, emphasizing what is learned when a response is rewarded and how does this differ from what is learned when a response is punished. This book discusses the distortions in impressions of success, accuracy in recall of reward and punishment, and determinants of outcome-recall. The role of open-task attitudes in motor learning, effects of isolated punishments, and structural isolation in the closed-task situation are also elaborated. This publication is intended for psychologists, but is also helpful to teachers, executives, prison officials, psychotherapists, and parents.

Table of Contents


  • Preface

    Translator's Preface

    Chapter 1. Introduction: Learning, Behavior, and Personality

    Success and Reward

    Learning in Human Behavior

    Chapter 2. Impressions of Success and Failure

    The Problem

    Distortions in Impressions of Success

    Subject-Variables and Impressions of Success

    The Role of First Experiences of Success or Failure in the Formation of General Impressions

    Conclusion

    Chapter 3. Recall of Reward and Punishment

    Problem and Method

    Accuracy in Recall of Reward and Punishment

    Determinants of Outcome-Recall

    Summary and Conclusion

    Chapter 4. A Reconsideration of the Spread of Effect

    The Problem

    Experimental Evidence

    Theoretical Implications —A Reconsideration of the Spread of Effect

    Chapter 5. Does Reward Strengthen Connections?

    Problem and Method

    Are Rewarded Connections Strengthened in Open Tasks?

    Are Rewarded Connections Strengthened in Closed Tasks?

    Summary and Conclusions

    Chapter 6. Task Tension and Learning

    Hypothesis

    Strengthening of Connections by Incorporation in a Task-Tension System

    The Integrative Function of Reward

    The Role of Open-Task Attitudes in Motor Learning

    The Integrative Function of Punishment

    Chapter 7. Structural Isolation and Learning

    The Problem

    Structural Isolation in the Closed-Task Situation

    The Effects of Isolated Punishments

    Effects of Isolated Punishments in Learning Tasks

    Implications for the Law of Effect

    Chapter 8. Elements of a Behavior Theory

    A Theory of Learning

    A Theory of Performance

    Appendix. Further Experimental Analysis of Reward and Punishment

    Introduction

    Current Status of the Law of Effect

    Dependent Measures and the Law of Effect

    Experiments on the Law of Effect

    Learning as a Function of Task Reward-Punishment Structure

    Conclusion: The Role of Reward and Punishment in Human Learning

    References

    Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 216
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1968
  • Published: January 1, 1968
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483222264

About the Authors

Joseph Nuttin

Anthony G. Greenwald

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