Religious Assortative Marriage

Religious Assortative Marriage

in the United States

1st Edition - January 1, 1980

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  • Author: Robert Alan Johnson
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483274140

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Religious Assortative Marriage in the United States aims to formulate and apply to American religious data, macrosociological models of assortative marriage in pluralistic populations. These models postulate that the factors determining assortative marriage are population structure, social divisions, and norms of endogamy. An important application of these models is to counter the ideological assumption, implicit in the popular image of a ""melting pot of nations,"" that the amalgamation of groups in the marriage market is the inevitable outcome of a historical plan of assimilation. The book begins by establishing a demographic framework by embedding assortative marriage in a broader model of the replacement of religious composition. This is followed by separate chapters on specialized theories concerned with the social determinants of assortative marriage; available religious marital selection data in the United States; and regional, residential, and cohort differentials in assortative marriage. The final chapter discusses how the ""general marriage market model,"" that is sufficiently flexible to be broadly applicable to diverse structures of religious or other assortative marriage, can be mathematically manipulated to generate laws of social statics and dynamics.

Table of Contents

  • Foreword



    1 The Relationships between Religious Assortative Marriage and the Religious Composition of Population

    Religious Identification as a Familially Ascribed Characteristic in the United States and Other Societies

    Theories of the Rise of Sects and the Assimilation of Churches

    Social and Demographic Processes Conditioning Religious Composition in the United States

    Replacement of Religious Composition through Marital Selection, Fertility, and the Socialization of Children

    The Study of Assortative Marriage in Demography and Other Disciplines

    2 Theories of Assortative Marriage

    Factors Affecting the In-Marriage and Out-Marriage Proportions of Groups

    Causal Ordering and Specifications

    Models of Isolated Subpopulations in the Marriage Market

    Goodman's and Haberman's Models for Square Contingency Tables and Their Application to Marital Selection Tables

    3 Research Design: Data Sources, Study Populations, Problems of Classification, and Preliminary Analysis

    NORC, GAF, and DAS Sample Survey Data on Respondents' and Spouses' Religious Origins in the United States

    Restriction to the White, First-Married, Native Born Population of the United States

    Comparison of First-Married and Remarried Respondents' Marital Selection Tables

    Classification of Religious Identification: Logical, Statistical, and Taxonomic Criteria

    Social Differentials by Religion: SES Order and R Order

    Preliminary Analysis: Deming's Method of Adjustment

    4 Parametric Models of Marital Selection Tables

    The Hypothesis of Symmetry: S

    More Parsimonious Models: CS, CFS, QO-S, and IS

    The Algebra of Crossing Parameters: Multiplicative and Additive Scales

    Models' Goodness of Fit: NORC, GAF, and DAS Total Respondents' Tables

    Maximum Likelihood Estimates of CS and CFS Parameters and Their Euclidean Geometric Interpretation

    Representation of the General Marriage Market Model as a System of K Nonlinear Equations in K Unknowns

    5 Comparisons of Marital Selection Tables

    Elaboration by Regional Origin

    Elaboration by Residential Origin

    Elaboration by Marriage Cohort: National Data

    Elaboration by Marriage Cohort: Detroit and North Central Data

    Tests for Changes in Intrinsic Endogamy: National Cohort Data

    Summary of Findings and Interpretation

    6 Mathematical Properties of the General Model

    Existence and Uniqueness of Solution

    Comparative Statics, I: Algebraic Solutions for the Partial Derivatives of the In-Marriage Proportions in the Two- and Three-Group Cases

    Comparative Statics, II: Numerical Solutions for the Partial Derivatives of the In-Marriage Proportions, National Cohort Data

    Extension to Dynamic Analysis



    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 236
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1980
  • Published: January 1, 1980
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483274140

About the Author

Robert Alan Johnson

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