Regional Geology and Tectonics: Phanerozoic Passive Margins, Cratonic Basins and Global Tectonic Maps

Regional Geology and Tectonics: Phanerozoic Passive Margins, Cratonic Basins and Global Tectonic Maps

1st Edition - May 29, 2012

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  • Editor: David G. Roberts
  • eBook ISBN: 9780444563620

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Expert petroleum geologists David Roberts and Albert Bally bring you Regional Geology and Tectonics: Phanerozoic Passive Margins, Cratonic Basins and Global Tectonic Maps, volume three in a three-volume series covering Phanerozoic regional geology and tectonics. Its key focus is on both volcanic and non-volcanic passive margins, and the importance of salt and shale driven by sedimentary tectonics to their evolution. Recent innovative research on such critical locations as Iberia, Newfoundland, China, and the North Sea are incorporated to provide practical real-world case studies in regional geology and tectonics. The vast amount of volcanic data now available to form accurate hydrocarbon assessments and analysis at passive margin locations is also included into this thorough yet accessible reference.

Key Features

  • Named a 2013 Outstanding Academic Title by the American Library Association's Choice publication
  • A "how-to" practical reference that discusses the impact of the development of passive margins and cratonic basins on the structural evolution of the Earth in regional geology and tectonic applications.
  • Incorporates the increased availability of industry data to present regional seismic lines and cross-sections, leading to more accurate analysis and assessment of targeted hydrocarbon systems
  • Analyses of passive margins and cratonic basins in East Africa, China, Siberia, the Gulf of Suez, and the Laptev Sea in the Russian Arctic provide immediately implementable petroleum exploration applications
  • Summaries of analogue and theoretical models are provided as an essential backdrop to the structure and stratigraphy of various geological settings.


Geologists, geophysicists, and marine geologists globally in academia and petroleum exploration with a focus on tectonics, basin analysis, sedimentary processes and petroleum systems. The secondary market includes undergraduate and postgraduate students as well as instructors in Geosciences.

Table of Contents

  • Contributors for Volumes 1A

    Foreword and Introduction


    Section 1. Passive margins

    1. Regional geology and tectonics of sedimentary basins

    1.1 Introduction

    1.2 A historical perspective

    1.3 Some remarks on regional geology and tectonics

    1.4 Conclusion


    2. De Re Salica: Fundamental principles of salt tectonics

    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 Mechanics of salt flow

    2.3 Processes of diapir growth

    2.4 Salt and regional tectonics

    2.5 Conclusions


    3. Shale tectonics

    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 Mechanics of shale movement

    3.3 Shale implacement and form

    3.4 Shale and regional tectonics

    3.5 Conclusions


    4. The Red Sea and Gulf of Aden basins

    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 Afar

    4.3 Gulf of Aden

    4.4 Red Sea

    4.5 Plate scale considerations

    4.6 Discussion

    4.7 Conclusions

    4.8 Future research



    5. The NE Atlantic conjugate margins

    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Conjugate margin setting and segmentation

    5.3 Crustal structure

    5.4 Pre-breakup basin evolution

    5.5 Breakup-related magmatism

    5.6 Post-breakup margin evolution

    5.7 Summary and Conclusions



    6. Conjugate margins of the South Atlantic: Namibia-Pelotas

    6.1 Introduction



    7. Phanerozoic regional geology of the eastern Brazilian margin

    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 Previous works

    7.3 Main tectonic features of the South Atlantic

    7.4 Tectono-sedimentary evolution of the continental margin

    7.5 Salt tectonics

    7.6 Magmatism

    7.7 Hydrocarbon resources and petroleum fields

    7.8 Summary and conclusions



    8. The conjugate margins of Morocco and Nova Scotia

    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 Regional setting, stratigraphy, and structure

    8.3 Regional transects of conjugate basin segments

    8.4 Minimum closure syn-rift reconstruction of the conjugate margins of Morocco and Nova Scotia

    8.5 Implications for hydrocarbon exploration at the scale of the conjugate margins

    8.6 Brief exploration history of the central segment of the Moroccan margin

    8.7 Deepwater and shelf stratigraphy, central segment of the Moroccan margin

    8.8 Regional structural transects across offshore Atlantic Morocco

    8.9 Salt tectonics in the central segment of the Moroccan offshore

    8.10 Play types

    8.11 Structures outboard of the Nova Scotia and Morocco salt basins

    8.12 Discussion

    8.13 Conclusions



    Section 1.1 Non-volcanic margins

    9. Evolution of magma poor continental margins: from rifting to the onset of seafloor spreading


    About the Authors


    10. The Newfoundland–Iberia conjugate rifted margins

    10.1 Introduction

    10.2 Geologic setting

    10.3 Continental basement rocks

    10.4 Rift phases

    10.5 Plate kinematic reconstructions

    10.6 Geological/geophysical constraints on the Early Cretaceous transition from rifting to seafloor spreading

    10.7 Extensional models and melt supply

    10.8 End of rifting and post-rift sedimentary history

    10.9 Conclusions



    11. Labrador Sea, Davis Strait, and Baffin Bay

    11.1 Extent of oceanic crust

    11.2 Sedimentary Basins on continental crust

    11.3 Geological development

    11.4 Late Eocene to Neogene


    12. Evolution of the Western Mediterranean

    12.1 Introduction

    12.2 The western Mediterranean sub-basins

    12.3 Lithospheric structure from S-wave velocities

    12.4 Geodynamic evolution of the Western Mediterranean area


    13. Tyrrhenian Sea

    13.1 Introduction

    13.2 Geophysics

    13.3 The CROP M2A profile

    13.4 Extension in the Tyrrhenian Sea

    13.5 Magmatism

    13.6 Geodynamic setting


    14. Deepwater frontier basins: New Zealand

    14.1 Introduction

    14.2 Geological controls on New Zealand’s Petroleum basins

    14.3 Seaward Gondwana margin basins

    14.4 Intermediate basins

    14.5 Back-arc basins

    14.6 Intra-continental basins

    14.7 Discussion

    14.8 Conclusions



    Section 1.2 Transform margins

    15. South Africa's offshore Mesozoic basins

    15.1 Introduction

    15.2 The Atlantic extensional margin

    15.3 The South coast transform margin

    15.4 The East coast rift margin

    15.5 History of exploration and economic aspects



    16. Rift-shear architecture and tectonic development of the Ghana margin

    16.1 Introduction

    16.2 Geological setting

    16.3 Data

    16.4 Results

    16.5 Discussion

    16.6 Conclusions



    17. Structural styles along the Dead Sea Fault

    17.1 Introduction

    17.2 Basins along the Dead Sea fault

    17.3 Discussion


    18. Columbus basin, offshore Trinidad: A detached pull-apart basin in a transpressional foreland setting

    18.1 Introduction

    18.2 Tectonic setting

    18.3 Columbus basin stratigraphy

    18.4 Columbus basin geometry and structure

    18.5 Basin evolution

    18.6 Petroleum system

    18.7 Summary and conclusions



    Section 2. Cratonic basins

    Section 2.1 Cratonic basins on Pre-Cambrian basement

    19. The Illizi and Berkine Basins in Southern Algeria

    19.1 Introduction and scope

    19.2 Regional geological setting and Phanerozoic tectonostratigraphic evolution

    19.3 The Palaeozoic “Gondwana” Supersequence: Sedimentation, Tectonism and Igneous Activity

    19.4 The Mesozoic “Tethys” Supersequence: Sedimentation, tectonism, and igneous activity

    19.5 Petroleum systems: Two world-class source rocks, and multiple petroleum systems

    19.6 Conclusions



    20. The Moscow Basin

    20.1 Introduction

    20.2 The East European Craton

    20.3 The Moscow Basin

    20.4 Geologic history


    Section 2.2 Cratonic/composite basins on Paleozoic basement

    21. Evolution of the West Siberian Basin

    21.1 Introduction

    21.2 Crust and lithosphere

    21.3 Paleozoic basement

    21.4 Tectonic evolution and stratigraphy

    21.5 Summary and conclusions



    22. The Aquitaine Basin and the Pyrenees: geodynamical evolution and hydrocarbons

    22.1 Introduction: the Aquitaine basin as part of a larger province

    22.2 The basement of the Aquitaine basin

    22.3 Evolution of the North Atlantic and the Aquitaine basin

    22.4 The Pyrenees

    22.5 Prolongation of the Pyrenees to the east, in the Mediterranean

    22.6 Hydrocarbon habitats

    22.7 Conclusions



    Further reading

    23. Geodynamic interpretation of the Cape and Karoo basins, South Africa

    23.1 Introduction

    23.2 Tectonic framework

    23.3 Early Paleozoic Cape basin: Large extensional subsidence

    23.4 Permian early Karoo basin: Large-scale epeirogeny

    23.5 Cape orogeny and late Karoo foreland basin

    23.6 Discussion

    23.7 Summary and conclusions


    About the Authors


    24. The Parry Islands fold belt

    24.1 Introduction

    24.2 Geological setting

    24.3 Summary of tectonic history

    24.4 General features of the fold belt

    24.5 Description of fold belt tectonic layers

    24.6 Triangle zone model


    About the Authors


    Section 3. Global Maps

    25. Tectonic and Basin maps of the world

    25.1. Global topography and plate tectonics

    25.2. Global topography and bathymetry: The face of old earth reworked and modified by present processes

    25.3. Neotectonics; earthquakes and conventional (i.e., rigid) versus diffuse plate boundaries

    25.4. Global stress maps and paleostress studies

    25.5. The continental lithosphere and continental crust ( and )

    25.6. Tectonic maps of the world

    25.7. Cenozoic/Mesozoic and Paleozoic orogenic systems and their fold and thrust belts (FTBs)

    25.8. Age of Continental basement

    25.9. Hot spots, linear island chains, large igneous provinces (LIPs), and radiating dike swarms; active volcanoes

    25.10. Tectonic settings of mafic/ultramafic oceanic and intra-oceanic arc system crust, LIPs, rifted and volcanic passive margins, tectonic setting and discussion of equivalent allochthonous “ophiolitic” fragments in orogens

    25.11. Sedimentary basins and rifts (including Rifts)*


Product details

  • No. of pages: 1200
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2012
  • Published: May 29, 2012
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • eBook ISBN: 9780444563620

About the Editor

David G. Roberts

Affiliations and Expertise

BP Exploration Operation Co. Ltd., Middlesex, UK

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  • Bruce E. Fri Mar 16 2018

    Excellent broad coverage

    This volume (and its sister volumes) provides an excellent coverage of a very broad topic. Some chapters are overviews at discipline level, others are area-specific. All capture the essence of relevant information. As a result, the volume is a very good introduction to the subject matter for both graduate students and practicing earth scientists.