Readings in Cognitive Science

Readings in Cognitive Science

A Perspective from Psychology and Artificial Intelligence

1st Edition - December 1, 1988

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  • Editors: Allan Collins, Edward E. Smith
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483214467

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Description

Readings in Cognitive Science: A Perspective from Psychology and Artificial Intelligence brings together important studies that fall in the intersection between artificial intelligence and cognitive psychology. This book is composed of six chapters, and begins with the complex anatomy and physiology of the human brain. The next chapters deal with the components of cognitive science, such as the semantic memory, similarity and analogy, and learning. These chapters also consider the application of mental models, which represent the domain-specific knowledge needed to understand a dynamic system or natural physical phenomena. The remaining chapters discuss the concept of reasoning, problem solving, planning, vision, and imagery. This book is of value to psychologists, psychiatrists, neurologists, and researchers who are interested in cognition.

Table of Contents


  • Acknowledgments

    A Perspective on Cognitive Science

    Chapter 1 Foundations

    Mind and Machines

    1.1 Computing Machinery and Intelligence

    1.2 Minds, Brains, and Programs

    Cognitive Architecture

    1.3 The Theory of Human Problem Solving

    1.4 The Appeal of Parallel Distributed Processing

    1.5 Precis of the Modularity of Mind

    Chapter 2 Representation

    Semantic Memory and Spreading Activation

    2.1 Semantic Memory

    2.2 What's in a Link: Foundations for Semantic Networks

    2.3 A Spreading-Activation Theory of Semantic Processing

    2.4 A Spreading Activation Theory of Memory

    Frames, Scripts, and Schemas

    2.5 A Framework for Representing Knowledge

    2.6 Scripts, Plans, Goals, and Understanding

    2.7 Schemata and Sequential Thought Processes in PDP Models

    Mental Models

    2.8 Naive Physics I: Ontology for Liquids

    2.9 Assumptions and Ambiguities in Mechanistic Mental Modes

    Chapter 3 Categorization

    Similarity and Analogy

    3.1 Features of Similarity

    3.2 Structure-Mapping: a Theoretical Framework for Analogy

    Prototypes

    3.3 Principles of Categorization

    3.4 Conceptual Combination with Prototype Concepts

    Chapter 4 Learning

    Human Learning

    4.1 Repair Theory: a Generative Theory of Bugs in Procedural Skills

    4.2 Acquisition of Cognitive Skill

    Machine Learning

    4.3 Explanation-Based Generalization: A Unifying View

    4.4 Learning Internal Representations by Error Propagation

    Chapter 5 Thinking

    Reasoning

    5.1 How to Reason Syllogistically

    5.2 Extensional versus Intuitive Reasoning

    Problem Solving

    5.3 GPS, a Program that Simulates Human Thought

    5.4 The Mind's Eye in Chess

    Planning

    5.5 A Cognitive Model of Planning

    5.6 Meta-Planning

    Chapter 6 Perception

    Vision

    6.1 A Computational Theory of Human Stereo Vision

    6.2 Visual Routines

    6.3 An Interactive Activation Model of Context Effects in Letter Perception

    Imagery

    6.4 Mental Rotation of Three-Dimensional Objects

    6.5 The Imagery Debate: Analogue Media versus Tacit Knowledge

    6.6 Seeing and Imagining in the Cerebral Hemispheres: a Computational Approach

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 672
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Morgan Kaufmann 2013
  • Published: December 1, 1988
  • Imprint: Morgan Kaufmann
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483214467

About the Editors

Allan Collins

Edward E. Smith

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