Reading Expository Material

Reading Expository Material

1st Edition - June 28, 1982

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  • Editor: Wayne Otto
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323156189

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Description

Reading Expository Material focuses on the techniques on how to apply the skills in reading tasks outside of formal reading instruction. This book explores the problems related to skill application that are encountered by reading specialists and educators. Organized into six parts encompassing 17 chapters, this book starts with an overview of the categories of the study, including the reader, the text, and the interaction of reader with text. This text then examines the readers' metacognitive development, the development of study skills, and learning strategies. Other chapters explore the concept of knowledge and explain how knowledge comes into play in the process of perception and comprehension. This book discusses as well the developments in cognitive psychology and in artificial intelligence. The final chapter reviews how to enable teachers in the classroom to deal more realistically with the facts of a reader–text interaction. Reading specialists, researchers, and educators with an interest in the teaching of and learning from expository materials will find this book useful.

Table of Contents


  • Contributors

    Preface

    I Introduction

    1 Introduction

    Improving Readers' Comprehension: Reading Specialists Contemplate the Rainbow

    Purpose and Plan of the Book: Off to See The Wizard

    References

    II The Reader

    2 The Significance of Knowledge: A Synthesis of Research Related to Schema Theory

    The Historical Milieu

    Schema Theory

    On Learning from Informative Discourse

    Closing

    References

    3 Memory Development in the Young Reader: The Combined Effects of Knowledge Base and Memory Processing

    Children's Mnemonic Strategies

    The Knowledge Base

    Effects of the Knowledge Base on Mnemonic Strategies

    Effects of the Knowledge Base on "Automatic" Processes

    Summary

    References

    4 Reader Knowledge and Classroom Instruction

    Knowledge and Strategies of Readers

    Classroom Instructional Practice

    Theory into Practice

    References

    III The Text

    5 Text Representations

    6 Discussion of Walter Kintsch's "Text Representations"

    7 Adjunct Aids and the Control of Mathemagenic Activities during Purposeful Reading

    Strategies for Research with Hopes for Application

    Cognitive Models of Reading Processes

    Mathemagenic Activities and Adjunct Aids

    Some History

    What Are Adjunct Aids to Learning from Text?

    How Are Mathemagenic Processes Inferred?

    Mathemagenic Functions

    Topography

    Control of Mathemagenic Activities

    A General Conceptual Model

    Some Practical Comments about Adjunct Aids

    Misunderstandings about Adjunct Questions

    References

    8 Toward an Instructional Theory for Learning from Text: A Discussion of Ernst Rothkopf's "Adjunct Aids and the Control of Mathemagenic Activities during Reading"

    Conditions for Success in Learning from Text

    Conceptual Model for Learning from Text

    Epilogue

    References

    9 Developing a Conceptual Framework for Applying Text Related Research to Classroom Instruction

    IV The Interaction of Reader with Text

    10 On the Structure and Meaning of Prose Text

    Semantic Structures, Possible Worlds and Intentions

    The Development of Aspects of Meaning

    General Discussion

    Reference Notes

    References

    11 Aims and Features of Text

    12 Metacognitive Aspects of Reading

    Introduction

    The Early Years

    The Later Years

    Concluding Thoughts and Impressions

    References

    13 Reader and Text — Studying Strategies

    Introduction

    State Variables

    Processing Variables

    Research on Common Studying Techniques

    Conclusions

    Reference Notes

    References

    14 Reader and the Text-Three Perspectives

    Common Threads

    Literal Meaning

    The Metacognitive Aspects of Reading

    Studying Skills

    Concluding Thoughts

    References

    V Reactions to the Conference

    15 Classroom Implications from Present Research on Expository Material

    Classroom Instruction and Learning Implications

    The Reader

    The Text

    Interaction of Reader with Text

    Conclusion

    References

    16 Role of the Teacher in Fostering Comprehension of Expository Text: Comparison of Theory and Practices Advocated in Teacher Education Textbooks

    Implications for Teaching Reading Comprehension

    Reading Comprehension in Reading Methods Textbooks

    The Reader

    The Text

    Reader—Text Interaction

    Conclusion

    Appendix: Teacher Education Textbooks Surveyed

    VI Epilogue

    17 Editors' Epilogue: Look to the Interaction

    Variations on the Reader—Text Interaction Theme

    Counterpoint to the Theme

    A Modest Proposal

    References

    Author Index

    Subject Index


Product details

  • No. of pages: 318
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1982
  • Published: June 28, 1982
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323156189

About the Editor

Wayne Otto

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