Reaction In Condensed Phases

Reaction In Condensed Phases

1st Edition - January 28, 1975

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  • Editor: Henry Eyring
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323142397

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Physical Chemistry: An Advanced Treatise: Reactions in Condensed Phases, Volume VII, deals with reactions in condensed phases. The purpose of this treatise is to present a comprehensive treatment of physical chemistry for advanced students and investigators in a reasonably small number of volumes. An attempt has been made to include all important topics in physical chemistry together with borderline subjects which are of particular interest and importance. The book begins by discussing the basic principles of reaction rates in solution. This is followed by separate chapters on estimating the rate parameters of elementary reactions; the use of correlation diagrams to interpret organic reactions; perturbation of reaction rates by substituents; and inorganic reactions. Subsequent chapters cover the important field of free radicals, including chain reactions and solvent effects; heterogeneous catalysis; various types of surface reactions; surface annealing; electron reactions; nucleation; and radiation chemistry. The book presents a broad picture of current developments in reaction rates in condensed phases in a form accessible to all students of chemical kinetics. This treatment, by experts in widely different areas, will hopefully meet many student needs and provide a useful overview for all.

Table of Contents

  • List of Contributors



    Contents of Previous and Future Volumes

    Chapter 1 / Theory of Reaction Rates in Condensed Phases

    I. Introduction

    II. Quantum Theory of Unimolecular Rate Processes

    III. Effect of Diffusion on the Rate of Reactions

    IV. Reaction-Controlled Kinetics

    V. Quenching (or Energy Transfer) of Luminescence


    Chapter 2 / Methods for the Estimation of Rate Parameters of Elementary Processes

    I. Introduction

    II. Definitions and Relationships

    III. Estimation of Thermochemical Quantities

    IV. Rate Parameters for Unimolecular Processes

    V. Rate Parameters for Bimolecular Processes

    VI. Effects of Solvents


    Chapter 3 / Use of Correlation Diagrams for Interpretation of Organic Reactivity

    I. Introduction

    II. Simple MO Theory

    III. Correlation Diagrams

    IV. Substituent Effects on Correlation Diagrams

    V. Concerted and Nonconcerted Thermal Reactions

    VI. Pericyclic Reactions

    VII. Nonconcerted Analogs of Perycyclic Reactions

    VIII. Photochemical Reactions

    IX. Chemiluminescent Reactions

    X. Summary


    Chapter 4 / Perturbation of Reactions by Substituents

    I. Definition of Substituent Effects

    II. Substituent Effects on Free Energies

    III. Some Classical Interaction Mechanisms

    IV. Common Linear Free Energy Relationships and Their Parameters

    V. Effects of Multiple Interactions

    VI. The Role of Potential Energy, Enthalpy, and Entropy

    VII. Concluding Remarks


    Chapter 5 / Mechanisms of Inorganic Reactions in Solution

    I. Introduction

    II. The Classification of Mechanisms for Nucleophilic Substitution

    III. Labile Complexes in Aqueous Solution

    IV. Substitution on Inert Octahedral Complexes

    V. Octahedral Racemization and the Stereochemistry of Octahedral Substitution

    VI. Substitution on Platinum (II) Complexes

    VII. Electron Transfer Reactions of Complex Ions


    Chapter 6 / Kinetics of Free-Radical Reactions

    I. Introduction

    II. Kinetic Characteristics of Chain Reactions

    III. Derivations of Steady-State Laws

    IV. Absolute Reaction Rate Data

    V. Competition Kinetics

    VI. Solvent Effects


    Chapter 7 / Heterogeneous Catalysis

    I. General Kinetic Relations: The Single Reaction

    II. Kinetics of Elementary Processes

    III. Kinetics on Nonuniform Surfaces

    IV. Networks of Reactions

    List of Symbols


    Chapter 8 / Reactions at Surfaces

    I. Introduction

    II. Pourbaix Diagrams

    III. Reactions at Metal-Solution Interfaces

    IV. Reactions at Nonmetal-Solution Interfaces


    Chapter 9 / Chemical Annealing Reactions in Solids

    I. Production of Systems

    II. Production Not Involving Bond Rupture

    III. Production with Bond Rupture

    IV. Kinetic Analysis of the Annealing Data

    V. Conclusions Regarding Chemical Annealing Reactions


    Chapter 10 / Reactions of Solvated Electrons

    I. Historical Development

    II. Methods of Formation of Solvated Electrons

    III. Theoretical

    IV. Experimental Physical Properties

    V. Reactions

    VI. Conclusion


    Chapter 11 / Isotopes as Probes in Determining Reaction Mechanisms

    I. Introduction

    II. Kinetic Methods

    III. Equilibrium Methods

    IV. Labeling Methods


    Chapter 12 / Nucleation in Liquid Solutions

    I. Introduction

    II. Kinetic Treatment

    III. Formation of Nuclei


    Chapter 13 / Radiation Chemistry in Condensed Phases

    I. Introductory Remarks

    II. Energy Deposit and Track Structure

    III. Free Ion Yields and Scavenging of Electrons and Ions

    IV. Radiation-Produced Intermediates

    V. Kinetics of Radiation-Induced Reactions


    Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 816
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1975
  • Published: January 28, 1975
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323142397

About the Editor

Henry Eyring

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