Radioactivity: Introduction and History

Radioactivity: Introduction and History

Introduction and History, From the Quantum to Quarks

1st Edition - July 18, 2007

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  • Authors: Michael L'Annunziata, Michael L'Annunziata
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080548883

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Description

Radioactivity: Introduction and History provides an introduction to radioactivity from natural and artificial sources on earth and radiation of cosmic origins. This book answers many questions for the student, teacher, and practitioner as to the origins, properties, detection and measurement, and applications of radioactivity. Written at a level that most students and teachers can appreciate, it includes many calculations that students and teachers may use in class work. Radioactivity: Introduction and History also serves as a refresher for experienced practitioners who use radioactive sources in his or her field of work. Also included are historical accounts of the lives and major achievements of many famous pioneers and Nobel Laureates who have contributed to our knowledge of the science of radioactivity.

Key Features

* Provides entry-level overview of every form of radioactivity including natural and artificial sources, and radiation of cosmic origin.
* Includes many solved problems to practical questions concerning nuclear radiation and its interaction with matter
* Historical accounts of the major achievements of pioneers and Nobel Laureates, who have contributed to our current knowledge of radioactivity

Readership

Undergraduate/graduate students, teachers and practitioners interested in the basics of radioactivity and nuclear radiation

Table of Contents

  • Foreword by Prof. Dr. W. Burkart,
    Deputy Director General, International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna

    Preface

    Introduction: Radioactivity and our Well Being
    Radioactivity Hall of Fame – Part I
    Democritus (c.460-c.370 B.C.), W.C. Rontgen (1845-1923), H. Becquerel (1852-1908), Pierre (1859-1906) and Marie Curie (1867-1934), P. Villard (1860-1934), E. Rutherford (1871-1937), H.A. Lorentz (1853-1928), P. Zeeman (1865-1943), J.J. Thomson (1856-1940), P. Lenard (1862-1947)

    Chapter 1. Alpha Radiation
    I. Introduction
    II. Decay Energies
    III. Alpha Particle Interactions with Matter
    IV. Alpha Particle Ranges

    Radioactivity Hall of Fame – Part II
    F. Soddy (1877-1956), C.T.R. Wilson (1869-1959), F. Joliet (1900-1958) and I. Joliet-Curie (1897-1956), E. Fermi (1901-1954), W. Pauli (1900-1958), F. Reines (1918-1998) and C. Cowan, Jr. (1919-1974)

    Chapter 2. Beta Radiation
    I. Introduction
    II. Negatrons
    III. Positrons
    IV. Beta-particle Absorption and Transmission
    V. Stopping Power and Linear Energy Transfer

    Radioactivity Hall of Fame – Part III
    M. Planck (1858-1947), L. de Broglie (1892-1987), A. Einstein (1879-1955), A.H. Compton (1892-1962), M. von Laue (1879-1960), Sir W.H. Bragg (1862-1942) and Sir W.L. Bragg (1890-1971), H.G.J. Moseley (1887-1915), C.G. Barkla (1877-1944), M. Siegbahn (1886-1978), R.A. Millikan (1868-1953)

    Chapter 3. Gamma- and X-Radiation – Photons
    I. Introduction
    II. Dual Nature: Wave and Particle
    III. Gamma Radiation
    IV. Annihilation Radiation
    V. Cherenkov Radiation
    VI. X-Radiation
    VII. Bremsstrahlung
    VIII. Interactions of Electromagnetic Radiation with Matter

    Radioactivity Hall of Fame – Part IV
    J. Chadwick (1891-1974), L. Meitner (1878-1968 and O. Hahn (1879-1968), L. Szilard (1898-1964)

    Chapter 4. Neutron Radiation
    I. Introduction
    II. Neutron Classification
    III. Sources of Neutrons
    IV. Interactions of Neutrons with Matter
    V. Neutron Attenuation and Cross Sections
    VI. Neutron Decay

    Radioactivity Hall of Fame – Part V
    N. Bohr (1885-1962), G. Hertz (1887-1975) and J. Frank (1882-1964), W. Heisenberg (1901-1976), E. Schrodinger (1887-1961), M. Born (1882-1970) and P.A.H. Dirac (1902-1984), C. Davisson (1881-1958) and G.P. Thomson (1892-1975)

    Chapter 5. Atomic Electron Radiation
    I. Introduction
    II. Internal Conversion Electrons
    III. Auger Electrons

    Radioactivity Hall of Fame – Part VI
    V.F. Hess (1883-1964), C.D. Anderson (1905-1991), P.M.S. Blackett (1897-1974), Hideki Yukawa (1907-1981), C.F. Powell (1903-1969), D.A. Glaser (1926-), Pierre Victor Auger (1899-1993)

    Chapter 6. Cosmic Radiation
    I. Introduction
    II. Classification and Properties
    III. Showers of the Cosmic Radiation
    IV. Cosmic Rays Underground
    V. Origins of Cosmic Radiation
    VI. Cosmic Background Radiation
    VII. Dose from Cosmic Radiation and other Sources

    Radioactivity Hall of Fame – Part VII
    S. Ivanovich Vavilov (1891-1951), P. Alekseyevich Cherenkov (1904-1990), I. Mikhailovich Frank (1908-1990) and I. Yevgenyevich Tamm (1895-1971)

    Chapter 7. Cherenkov Radiation
    I. Introduction
    II. Theory and Properties
    III. Cherenkov Photons from Gamma-ray Interactions
    IV. Particle Identification
    V. Applications in Radionuclide Analysis

    Radioactivity Hall of Fame - Part VIII
    E.O. Lawrence (1901-1958, J.D. Cockroft (1897-1967) and E.T.S. Walton (1903-1995), H.A. Bethe (1906-2005), W.F. Libby (1908-1980)

    Chapter 8. Radioisotope Decay, Radioactivity Units and Radionuclide Mass
    I. Introduction
    II. Half-life
    III. General Decay Equations
    IV. Secular Equilibrium
    V. Transient Equilibrium
    VI. No Equilibrium
    VII. More Complex Decay Schemes
    VIII. Radioactivity Units and Radionuclide Mass


    Appendix A - Particle Range-Energy Correlations

    Appendix B - Periodic Table of the Elements

Product details

  • No. of pages: 632
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier Science 2007
  • Published: July 18, 2007
  • Imprint: Elsevier Science
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080548883

About the Authors

Michael L'Annunziata

Michael L'Annunziata
Michael F. L'Annunziata earned his PhD degree in 1970 at the University of Arizona. His thesis research in the 1960s under contract with the then-US Atomic Energy Commission dealt with the analysis of radionuclides and chemical remediation of the environment in the event of fission product fallout from nuclear war. L'Annunziata was formerly Head of Fellowships and Training at the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in Vienna, Austria; and he has served as a representative and lecturer for the IAEA on peaceful applications of nuclear energy for development in over 40 countries of the world from 1976-2007 and currently a private consultant in radioactivity analysis. Michael is the recipient of the 2022 Arthur Holly Compton Award in Education granted by the American Nuclear Society.

Affiliations and Expertise

Former Head, IAEA Fellowships and Training, Vienna, Austria; Current office: Oceanside, CA, USA

Michael L'Annunziata

Michael L'Annunziata
Michael F. L'Annunziata earned his PhD degree in 1970 at the University of Arizona. His thesis research in the 1960s under contract with the then-US Atomic Energy Commission dealt with the analysis of radionuclides and chemical remediation of the environment in the event of fission product fallout from nuclear war. L'Annunziata was formerly Head of Fellowships and Training at the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in Vienna, Austria; and he has served as a representative and lecturer for the IAEA on peaceful applications of nuclear energy for development in over 40 countries of the world from 1976-2007 and currently a private consultant in radioactivity analysis. Michael is the recipient of the 2022 Arthur Holly Compton Award in Education granted by the American Nuclear Society.

Affiliations and Expertise

Former Head, IAEA Fellowships and Training, Vienna, Austria; Current office: Oceanside, CA, USA

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