"Radiation Chemistry: Present Status and Future Trends" presents an overall view of the different aspects of the subject. The chapters review the current status of the field and present the future opportunities in utilizing radiation chemical techniques. This will be of interest to chemists in general and in particular to radiation chemists, chemical kineticists, photochemists, physical-organic chemists and spectroscopists.
In view of the diverse nature of the field, the book is a multi-authored effort by several experts in their particular areas of research. Six main areas, both basic and applied, were identified and the book is organized around them. The topics were selected in terms of their relative importance and the contribution of radiation chemistry to the general areas of chemistry, biology and physics. The topics covered are as diverse as gas phase radiation chemistry, the use of radiation chemical techniques, the treatment of water pollutants, the chemical basis of radiation biology, and muonium chemistry. The book also contains an update of the next generation electron accelerators.
Chapter headings. Radiation chemistry: from the early days to the next millennium. Introduction, Theory, Instrumentation, Homogeneous systems, Organized assemblies and heterogeneous systems, Applications, Conclusions, References. Accelerators for ultrafast phenomena. Introduction, Acceleration methods for ultrafast studies, Beam transport and pulse compression techniques, Pulse width determination, Experimental detection methods, Conclusion, References. Ion-beam radiation chemistry. Introduction, Energy deposition processes, Experimental techniques, Water and aqueous solutions, Organic liquids, Polymeric systems, References. Radiation chemistry under magnetic fields - Spin coherence effects. Introduction, Singlet-correlated radical ion pairs in irradiated alkanes, Stationary effects, mary-spectroscopy, Time-resolved effects, quantum beats, Conclusion, References. Muonium chemistry. Introduction, The muon, and end-of-track probe, Muonium reactions and kinetic isotope effects, Solvation and diffusion of hydrogen isotopes in water, Muonium-substituted free radicals, Potential and future prospects, References. Fundamental processes in gas-phase radiation chemistry. Introduction, The physical stage, The physico-chemical stage, Electron thermalization, The chemical stage, Detection techniques, Ion-ion recombination, XE2+/SF6- ionic recombination, XE2+/BR- ionic recombination, Absolute excitation and emission yields, Applications of gas phase radiation chemistry, References. High temperature water radiolysis. Introduction, Scheme for the radiolysis of water, Measurement of g-values, Measurement of rate constants of spur reactions, Modelling of spur and t