Pyrrole Pigments, Isoprenoid Compounds and Phenolic Plant Constituents

Pyrrole Pigments, Isoprenoid Compounds and Phenolic Plant Constituents

1st Edition - January 1, 1963

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  • Editors: Marcel Florkin, Elmer H. Stotz
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483222219

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Comprehensive Biochemisty, Volume 9: Pyrrole Pigments, Isoprenoid Compounds and Phenolic Plant Constituents focuses on the organic and physical chemistry of the major organic constituents of living material. This book discusses the correlations between structure and visible spectrum, theoretical interpretation of the visible absorption spectra, and spectrophotometric determination of chlorophyll. The quantitative aspects of hemoglobin breakdown, monocyclic and bicyclic carbon systems, and substances related to retinol are also elaborated. This publication likewise covers the naturally occurring quinones, phenolic compounds derived by linear condensation of two-carbon units, and single-carbon incorporation into ring systems. This volume is useful to biochemists and specialists researching on pyrrole pigments, isoprenoid compounds, and phenolic plant constituents.

Table of Contents

  • General Preface

    Preface to Section II

    Part A Pyrrole Pigments

    Chapter I. Chemistry and Biochemistry of Porphyrins and Metalloporphyrins

    1. Introduction

    2. Occurrence

    3. General Chemistry

    4. Physical Properties

    5. The Iron Complexes of Porphyrins and their Derivatives

    6. Haemins and Porphyrins of Importance in the Laboratory and their Preparation


    Chapter II. Physico-Chemical Properties of Porphyrins

    1. Introduction

    2. Acid-Base Behaviour

    3. Phase Distribution Phenomena

    4. Spectroscopic Behaviour

    5. Metal Ion Chelation

    6. Further Coordination of Metalloporphyrin Complexes

    7. Redox Equilibria

    8. The Metal-Porphyrin Bond

    9. Correlations of Structure and Physico-Chemical Behaviour


    Chapter III. Chlorophyll

    1. Chlorophyll a and b

    2. Preparation of the Chlorophylls: Isolation from Plants

    3. Photochemistry of Chlorophyll

    4. Fate of Chlorophyll in Animal Nutrition

    5. Chlorophyll in Food Technology

    6. Other Chlorophyll Compounds

    7. Biosynthesis of Chlorophyll



    Chapter IV. Bile Pigments

    1. Introduction

    2. Haemoglobin Breakdown

    3. Biosynthesis of Bile Pigments

    4. Quantitative Aspects of Haemoglobin Breakdown

    5. Jaundice

    6. Biosynthesis of Conjugates of Bilirubin

    7. Jaundice in Infancy


    Part B Isoprenoid Compounds

    Chapter V. Chemistry of Isoprenoid Compounds

    1. Introduction

    2. Hemiterpenoids and Related Substances

    3. Monoterpenoids

    4. Sesquiterpenoids

    5. Diterpenoids

    6. Triterpenoids

    7. Tetraterpenoids

    8. Mono- to Polyterpenoid Quinones and Chromanes

    9. Polyterpenoids


    Chapter VI. Vitamin A

    1. Introduction

    2. Retinol

    3. Retinal

    4. Vitamin A Acid (Retinole Acid)

    5. Retinol Synthesis

    6. Substances Related to Retinol

    7. Conclusion


    Chapter VII. Vitamins E

    Vitamins E


    Chapter VIII. Vitamins K

    1. Vitamin K1

    2. Vitamin K2(35)

    3. Vitamin K2(30)

    4. Menadione

    5. Related Substances

    6. Chemical Structure and Vitamin K Activity


    Chapter IX. Quinones

    1. Introduction

    2. Naturally Occurring Quinones

    3. Ubiquinones


    Part C Phenolic Plant Constituents

    Chapter X. Flavonoid Compounds, Tannins, Lignins and Related Compounds

    1. Compounds with Isoprenoid Structures

    2. Phenolic Compounds Derived by Linear Condensation of Two-Carbon Units

    3. Phenylpropane-Derived Compounds

    4. Flavonoid and Related Compounds

    5. Miscellaneous Compounds

    6. Conclusion


    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 284
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 1963
  • Published: January 1, 1963
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483222219

About the Editors

Marcel Florkin

Elmer H. Stotz

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