PVC Formulary

PVC Formulary

3rd Edition - March 13, 2020

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  • Author: George Wypych
  • eBook ISBN: 9781927885642
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9781927885635

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PVC Formulary, Third Edition, contains invaluable information for PVC manufacturers, processors and users. It discusses new product development and product engineering tools and the current state of the market for PVC products. This provides the reader with the critical data they need to formulate successful and durable products, and to evaluate formulations on the background of compositions used by others. Commercial types and grades, polymer forms, and physical-chemical properties of PVC are discussed in detail, with all essential information required for the decision-making process presented clearly to provide necessary data. The book contains over 600 formulations of products belonging to 23 categories that are derived from characteristic methods of production. A broad selection of formulations is used in each category to determine the essential components of formulations used in a particular method of processing, the most important parameters of successful products, troubleshooting information, and suggestions of further sources of information on the method of processing. The concept of this work and its companion book (PVC Degradation & Stabilization also published in 2020) is to provide the reader with complete information and data required to formulate successful and durable products and/or to evaluate formulations on the background of compositions used by others.

Key Features

  • Provides a comprehensive and data-rich guide to PVC and its additives, enabling easier and more effective material selection
  • Includes over 600 formulations, along with methods of processing and troubleshooting information
  • Presents critical data on physical properties, mechanical properties, health and safety, and environmental information for PVC and its products


Academic researchers; R&D professionals; production chemists and engineers; mechanical, environmental, and civil engineers. Upper level undergrad and grad students

Table of Contents

  • 1. Introduction

    2. PVC Properties
    2..1 Commercial types and grades
    2.1.1 General purpose resins Suspension Mass
    2.1.2 Dispersion resins (emulsion, microsuspension)
    2.1.3 Specialty resins Powder process resins Ultrahigh molecular weight resins Absorptive resins Deglossing resins Extender resins
    2.1.4 Copolymers VC/VAc copolymers Grafted copolymers
    2.2 Forms ready for processing
    2.2.1 Powder
    2.2.2 Dryblend and pellets
    2.2.3 Paste and solution
    2.2.4 Latex
    2.3 Physical-chemical properties of pure and compounded PVC
    2.3.1 Molecular weight and its distribution
    2.3.2 Particle size and shape
    2.3.3 Porosity
    2.3.4 Purity
    2.3.5 Density
    2.3.6 Crystalline structure, crystallinity, morphology
    2.3.7 Thermal properties
    2.3.8 Electrical properties
    2.3.9 Optical and spectral properties
    2.3.10 Shrinkage
    2.3.11 Chemical resistance
    2.3.12 Environmental stress cracking
    2.3.13 Mechanical properties
    2.3.14 Other properties of PVC

    3. PVC Additives
    3.1 Plasticizers
    3.2 Fillers
    3.3 Pigments and dyes
    3.4 Thermal stabilizers
    3.5 UV stabilizers
    3.6 Impact modifiers
    3.7 Antiblocking agents
    3.8 Release agents
    3.9 Slip agents
    3.10 Antistatics
    3.11 Flame retardants
    3.12 Smoke suppressants
    3.13 Lubricants
    3.14 Process aids
    3.15 Vicat/HDT modifiers
    3.16 Foaming agents and promoters
    3.17 Antifog agents
    3.18 Crosslinking agents
    3.19 Adhesion promoters
    3.20 Brighteners
    3.21 Biocides and fungicides
    3.22 Magnetic additives
    3.23 Flexibilizers
    3.24 Nucleating agents

    4. The PVC Formulations
    4.1 Blow molding
    4.1.1 Bottles and containers
    4.1.2 Other products
    Conclusive remarks
    4.2 Calendering
    4.2.2 Floor coverings
    4.2.3 Pool liner
    4.2.4 Roofing membrane
    4.2.5 Sheet
    4.2.6 Sponged leather
    Conclusive remarks
    4.3 Composites
    Conclusive remarks 8
    4.4 Dip coating
    Conclusive remarks
    4.5 Extrusion
    4.5.1 General section
    4.5.2 Blinds
    4.5.3 Clear compound
    4.5.4 Gaskets
    4.5.5 Fencing
    4.5.6 Interior profiles
    4.5.7 Pipes
    4.5.8 Planks
    4.5.9 Rigid articles
    4.5.10 Sheet
    4.5.11 Siding
    4.5.12 Tubing
    4.5.13 Water stop seal
    4.5.14 Window and door profile
    4.5.15 Other products
    Conclusive remarks
    4.6 Fiber and thread coating
    4.7 Film production
    4.7.1 Film
    4.7.2 Food wrap
    Conclusive remarks
    4.8 Foaming and foam extrusion
    Conclusive remarks
    4.9 Gel & sealant formulations
    Conclusive remarks
    4.10 Injection molding
    4.10.1 General
    4.10.2 Fittings
    4.10.3 Toys
    4.10.4 Other products
    Conclusive remarks
    4.11 Joining and assembly
    4.12 Lamination
    4.13 Metallization
    4.14 Pharmaceutical products
    4.15 Powder coating
    4.16 Printing
    4.17 Rotational molding
    4.18 Sintering
    4.19 Slush molding
    4.20 Solvent casting
    4.21 Spraying
    4.22 Thermoforming
    4.23 Web coating
    4.23.1 General
    4.23.2 Coated fabrics
    4.23.3 Conveyor belts
    4.23.4 Flooring
    4.23.5 Swimming pool liners
    4.23.6 Tarpaulins
    4.23.7 Upholstery
    4.23.8 Wallcovering
    4.23.9 Other products
    Conclusive remarks
    4.24 Wire & cable
    4.24.1 ExxonMobil wire insulation formulas
    4.24.2 Traditional lead stabilizers in wire and cable
    Conclusive remarks
    4.25 General remarks

    5. Data
    5.1 General data and nomenclature
    5.2 Chemical composition and properties
    5.3 Physical properties
    5.4 Mechanical properties
    5.5 Health and safety
    5.6 Environmental data
    5.7 Use and application data

Product details

  • No. of pages: 420
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © ChemTec Publishing 2020
  • Published: March 13, 2020
  • Imprint: ChemTec Publishing
  • eBook ISBN: 9781927885642
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9781927885635

About the Author

George Wypych

George Wypych has a Ph.D. in chemical engineering. His professional expertise includes both university teaching (full professor) and research and development. He has published 18 books, 47 scientific papers, and he has obtained 16 patents. He specializes in polymer additives, polymer processing and formulation, material durability and the development of sealants and coatings.

Affiliations and Expertise

ChemTec Publishing, Ontario, Canada

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