Public Responses to Fossil Fuel Export

Public Responses to Fossil Fuel Export

Exporting Energy and Emissions in a Time of Transition

1st Edition - January 29, 2022

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  • Editors: Hilary Boudet, Shawn Hazboun
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128240465
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128240755

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Public Responses to Fossil Fuel Export provides wide-ranging theoretical and methodological international contributions on the human dimensions of fossil fuel export, with a distinctive focus on exporting countries, some of which are new entrants into the marketplace. What do members of the public think about exporting fossil fuels in places where it is happening? What do they see as its main risks and benefits? What connections are being made to climate change and the impending energy transition? How have affected communities responded to proposals related to fossil fuel export, broadly defined to include transport by rail, pipeline, and ship? Contributions to the work are presented in three parts. The first part synopsizes the background of the project, outlines major social science theories and relevant previous research, and identifies global trends in energy production. Regional and national case studies related to public opinion on fossil fuel export are included in part two of the manuscript. Part three highlights community-based case studies. Implications for research and practice feature in the concluding chapter.

Key Features

  • Serves as a definitive reference on the social dimensions of fossil fuel export, bringing together case examples and public opinion research from around the world on this important but understudied issue
  • Explores the broader implications for growing field of energy social science, particularly those focused on public perceptions of energy development, siting controversies and community impacts from energy development
  • Provides practical and policy implications, including the need for better community inclusion in export and transport facility siting decisions, the changing status of certain fuels, impacts on public awareness, and the relevance of the movement of energy resources


Early career researchers, students, and practitioners within the public, private and NGO sectors interested in fossil fuel export, energy transitions and public participation/community impacts from energy development. Readers will come from a wide array of social science disciplines and fields, although it would be accessible for interested engineers and natural scientists as well. Graduate courses on energy and environmental topics. A primer for practitioners working in related fields

Table of Contents

  • Cover image
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • Dedication
  • Contributors
  • Acknowledgments
  • Part I. Introduction
  • Chapter 1. An introduction to the social dimensions of fossil fuel export in an era of energy transition
  • Fossil fuel export: status and trends
  • What do we already know?
  • Organization of the book
  • Some concluding thoughts
  • Part II. The new landscape of fossil fuel technology, supply, and policy
  • Chapter 2. The new global energy order: shifting players, policies, and power dynamics
  • Introduction: the emergence of a new energy order
  • Global energy system
  • Clean energy transition
  • Winners and losers of the energy transition
  • Conclusion
  • Chapter 3. Fossil fuel export as a climate policy problem
  • Why fossil fuel export is often ignored in climate policy
  • The rationale for addressing fossil fuel export as a component of climate policymaking
  • How public response has helped bridge the issues of climate change and fossil fuel export
  • Part III. Public opinion on export
  • Chapter 4. The evolution of US public attitudes toward natural gas export: a pooled cross-sectional analysis of time series data (2013–2017)
  • Background
  • Materials and methods
  • Findings
  • Discussion
  • Chapter 5. Drivers of US regulatory preferences for natural gas export
  • Introduction
  • Literature review
  • Data and methods
  • Results
  • Discussion and policy implications
  • Chapter 6. Energy and export transitions: from oil exports to renewable energy goals in Aotearoa New Zealand
  • Island transitions
  • Critical time and place methodologies
  • Debating offshore exploration and an onshore terminal
  • Disputing employment promotions and lowered petrol prices
  • Transitioning to green jobs and green technology exports
  • Conclusions
  • Chapter 7. Trends in Norwegian views on oil and gas export
  • Background—Norway's role as an oil and gas exporter
  • Data and methods
  • Main findings from policy analysis
  • Results from public opinion studies
  • Discussion
  • Chapter 8. A “thin green line” of resistance? Assessing public views on oil, natural gas, and coal export in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States and Canada
  • Introduction
  • Fossil fuel production, export, and policy in the Pacific Northwest
  • Public opinion on fossil fuels: how does it relate to export?
  • Methods: survey sampling and measurement
  • Results
  • Discussion, implications, and future research
  • Part IV. Community response to export projects
  • Chapter 9. Global discourses, national priorities, and community experiences of participation in the energy infrastructure projects in northern Russia
  • Introduction
  • Shifting spatialities of Russia's oil and gas projects
  • Strategies of exclusion and nonparticipation
  • Discussion and conclusion
  • Chapter 10. Indigenous ambivalence? It's not about the pipeline …: Indigenous responses to fossil fuel export projects in Western Canada
  • Introduction
  • Settler colonialism and the ongoing struggles for Indigenous self-determination
  • The Trans Mountain Pipeline expansion project
  • Methods
  • Case studies: contextualizing ambivalence
  • Discussion and conclusions
  • Chapter 11. The primacy of place: a community's response to a proposed liquefied natural gas export facility
  • Introduction
  • Context
  • Methods
  • Findings
  • Discussion and conclusions
  • Chapter 12. Impact geographies of gas terminal development in the northern Australian context: insights from Gladstone and Darwin
  • Introduction
  • Methods
  • Gas terminal development in Australia: a tale of two cities
  • Concluding reflections
  • Chapter 13. Community risk or resilience? Perceptions and responses to oil train traffic in four US rail communities
  • Introduction
  • Perceptions of energy transportation and exports via rail
  • Methods and analysis
  • Findings
  • Discussion: rural and urban risks, vulnerabilities, and opposition
  • Conclusion
  • Chapter 14. Leave it in the ground, or send it abroad? Assessing themes in community response to coal export proposals using topic modeling of local news
  • Introduction
  • Background and framework
  • Data and methods
  • Findings
  • Conclusion: implications for fossil fuel export in the Pacific Northwest
  • Part V. The future of fossil fuel export in an era of energy transition
  • Chapter 15. Social dimensions of fossil fuel export: summary of learnings and implications for research and practice
  • Climate is an increasing concern in energy export debates
  • Export routes present many opportunities for opposition
  • Changing attitudes about natural gas likely to impact export
  • Some familiar patterns persist
  • Implications (and a few limitations) for research and practice
  • Closing words
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 294
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2022
  • Published: January 29, 2022
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128240465
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128240755

About the Editors

Hilary Boudet

Hilary Boudet is an Associate Professor of Sociology in the School of Public Policy at Oregon State University. She has written extensively on public perceptions of and community response to energy development, particularly natural gas. Before joining the faculty at Oregon State University, Hilary was a Postdoctoral Scholar at Stanford University, where she also completed her PhD in Environment and Resources. She holds a BA in Environmental Engineering and Political Science from Rice University.

Affiliations and Expertise

Associate Professor of Sociology, School of Public Policy, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon, USA

Shawn Hazboun

Shawn Olson Hazboun is a Member of the Faculty in the Graduate Program on the Environment at The Evergreen State College. Her research focuses on the social dimensions of energy systems, including community impacts from energy production and public perceptions about energy and related infrastructure. She has a PhD in Sociology from Utah State University and an MS from the University of Colorado – Boulder.

Affiliations and Expertise

Member of the Faculty, Graduate Program on the Environment, The Evergreen State College, Olympia, Washington, USA

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