Protides of the BIological Fluids

Protides of the BIological Fluids

Proceedings of the Thirtieth Colloquium, 1982

1st Edition - January 1, 1983

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  • Editor: H. Peeters
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483279640

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Protides of the Biological Fluids: Proceedings of the 30th Colloquium, 1982 is a collection of manuscripts presented at the 30th Colloquium, held in Brussels, Belgium in 1982. This text is organized into three sections encompassing 160 chapters. The first section highlights the mechanisms of the normal and abnormal mental function through evaluation of neuroproteins or the so-called “think-proteins”. This section describes the manifestations, clinical features, diagnosis, and therapeutic options of nervous system diseases. The second section tackles monoclonal proteins as a reagent to detect antigens. This section deals with the significant progress in cancer therapy and the binding of cytotoxic drugs to monoclonal antibodies. The third section considers the potential of isodalt electrophoresis and high-pressure liquid chromatography, with particular emphasis on their application to protein analysis in biological fluids. This book will be of great value to biochemists, clinical chemists, and clinicians.

Table of Contents

  • Preface


    XXXth Anniversary Lecture

    30 Years of Protides — An Anniversary and Challenge

    The Eleventh Arne Tiselius Memorial Lecture

    High Performance Liquid Chromatography on Matrices of Agarose

    Section A. Neuroproteins

    A.1. Glial Markers

    A.1.1. S 100

    Chemical Structure and Molecular Evolution of S-100 Proteins

    Some Properties of S-100 Protein in Solution

    The Relationship Between S-100 Protein and Specific Synaptosomal Components

    Identification and Characterization of Sulfhydryl-Containing Proteolytic Fragments Involved in the Ca-Induced Conformational Change of Beef Brain S 100

    The S-100 Antigen in Non-Neural Tissues

    Immunohistochemical Localization of Nervous Tissue Proteins, S-100, GFAP and Astroprotein in Extraneural Tissues

    A.1.2. GFA

    Brain Specific Protein. Some General Remarks

    A.2. Neuronal Markers

    A.2.1. Enolase

    Neuron-Specific Enolase (NSE) in Biological Fluids: A Marker of Neuronal Lesions

    Rodent Enolase Cerebral Isozymes as Differentiation Markers

    Neuron Specific Enolase in Biological Fluids: A Probe for Neuronal and Neuroendocrine Pathology

    Neuron Specific Enolase — An Indicator of Brain Damage Due to Hypoxia in Newborns and Adults

    A.2.2. D2

    Characterization of the D2-Cell Adhesion Molecule

    A Neuronal Adhesion Molecule in the Central Nervous System: The D2-Protein

    Purification of the Glycoprotein D2 From Fetal and Adult Human Brain

    Developmental Study of Chick D2

    A.3. Synapse Specific Protein

    Characterization of Antigens of the Cholinergic Synapses in the Electric Ray Torpedo Marmorata

    A Possible Physiological Role of Acetylcholine Receptor on Mouse Thymocytes

    A.4. Myelin Basic Protein

    Oligodendroglial, Astroglial and Glial Tumor-Associated Antigens Defined by Monoclonal Antibodies

    Posttranslational Modifications of Myelin Basic Protein

    “Myelin-Like” or Pre-Myelin Structures in Cultures of Dissociated Brain Cells from 14-15 Day-Old Embryonic Mice

    Immunohistochemistry and RIA Determination of MBP as Complementary Tools to Study Myelin Formation in the CNS and PNS of Mice

    Immunologic Reactivity of Myelin Basic Protein (BP) in Inbred Guinea Pigs

    Myelin Basic Protein in the MLD Mutant Mouse During Development

    A.5. Regional Markers

    A.5.1. Galactocerebrosides

    Galactosyl- and Sulfogalactosylceramide as Central Nervous Tissue Markers

    Purification of a Membrane Glycoprotein from Fetal Human Brain

    Characterization of Hyaluronectin in the Nervous System

    Two Markers for Brain Tumors: Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein (GFA) and Hyaluronectin (HN)

    Accessibility of Sulfhydryl Groups of Myelin Folch-Pi Protein

    A.5.2. Carbonic Anhydrase

    Immunochemical and Immunohistological Study of Carbonic Anhydrase in the Rat CNS

    A.6. Neurofilaments

    In Vivo and In Vitro Studies of Neurofilament Protein Assembly

    A.7. Protein Metabolism

    Brain Protein Responses to Opiates

    Isolation and Partial Biochemical Characterization of a Novel Polypeptide from Human CNS and Liver

    Identification of Nuclear Protein Antigens of Rat Brain

    Low Angle X-Ray Diffraction Studies on Myelin Isolated from Normal Human White Matter and from Patients Dying with Multiple Sclerosis

    Central Nervous System Immunoglobulins (Ig) in Adrenoleukodystrophy (ALD)

    A.8. EAE (Experimental Allergic Encephalomyelitis)

    Effect of Human Fetal Alpha-Fetoprotein on Experimental Allergic Encephalomyelitis and the Immune Response to Myelin Antigens

    Immune Regulation of Autoimmune Encephalomyelitis

    In Vivo Demyelinating Activity of Sera from Animals with Chronic Relapsing Experimental Allergic Encephalomyelitis (Cr-EAE)

    “Fail-Safe” Determinants for Immuno-Regulating Autoimmune Demyelinating Diseases

    Serum Antibodies Against Central Nervous System (CNS) Antigens in Chronic Relapsing Experimental Allergic Encephalomyelitis (CrEAE)

    “Recovery Associated” Suppressor Cells in Experimental Allergic Encephalomyelitis (EAE): Replacement of their Activity In Vivo by Cell Free Extracts

    Demonstration of Serum IgG Antibodies Against Myelin During the Course of Relapsing Experimental Allergic Encephalomyelitis (r-EAE) in Guinea Pigs

    A.9. Determinations in CSF

    Studies on the S-100 Antigen in Cerebrospinal Fluid of Neurological Patients

    Determination of α-Albumin (GFA) in Cerebrospinal Fluid

    Clinical Applications of Human Brain-Specific Protein Measurements

    The Determination of Trace Proteins and Anti-Myelin Basic Protein Antibodies in the Cerebrospinal Fluid by Particle Counting Immunoassay (PACIA)

    Radioimmunological Determination of Myelin Basic Protein in the CSF of Neurological Patients

    An Enzyme Immuno Assay for the Detection of Basic Myelin Protein (BMP) and Antibodies to BMP in CSF

    CSF Autoantibodies Detect Brain Antigens

    Galactocerebroside Antibodies in Serum and Cerebrospinal Fluid of Multiple Sclerosis and Brain Tumour Patients

    Determination of α1-Acid Glycoprotein in Human Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF) by an Immunonephelometric Assay

    Determination of Methionine-Enkephalin and Leucine-Enkephalin in Human Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF)

    Determination of Neurotensin in Human Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF)

    Polyacrylamide Gel Electrophoresis Technique for the Separation of High Molecular Weight Proteins in Native Cerebrospinal Fluid and Serum

    The Correlation of the IgG Patterns of CSF Determined by Isoelectric Focusing with Clinical and Biochemical Parameters of Multiple Sclerosis

    Direct Tissue Isoelectric Focusing of Nervous System and Muscle Sections for Detection of IgG Patterns

    Section B. Monoclonal Antibodies

    B.1. Hybridoma Technology

    A New Human Hybridoma System (LICR-LON-HMy2) and its use in the Production of Human Monoclonal Antibodies

    Production of Human Antibodies of Predefined Specificity In Vitro

    Hybridomas Grown in Serum-Free Medium

    Strategy to Obtain Monoclonal Anti-Idiotype Antibodies

    Monoclonal Antibodies Against Carbohydrate Antigens

    Multivalent Antibody RIA: A New Assay Using Only Antigen Screening Hybridoma Cultures

    A Radio-Immunobinding Method on Glutaraldehyde-Fixed Cells for the Screening of Hybridoma Supernatants

    Specificity Screening of Monoclonal Antibodies Obtained After Immunization with A Human Myeloma Cell Line (ARH-77)

    Monoclonal Antibodies and Precipitin Reactions

    Determination of Affinity and Concentration of Monoclonal Antibodies in Ascitic Fluids

    Monoclonal Murine Antibodies Reactive with Cell Nuclei

    B.2. Oncology

    B.2.1. Diagnosis

    Monoclonal Antibodies with Dual Antigen Specificity

    Monoclonal Antibodies to Cell Surface Antigens of Mouse Bladder Carcinomas

    Structural Studies of Human Melanoma-Associated Antigen p97

    Cell Surface Antigens of Human Melanoma

    A Double Determinant Immunoassay (DDIA) With Monoclonal Antibodies to a Human High Molecular Weight Melanoma Associated Antigen (HMW-MAA)

    Immunological Studies on Membrane Associated Antigens from Renal Adenocarcinoma and Human Kidney Cortex Using Poly- and Monoclonal Antibodies

    Malignin, Anti-Malignin Antibody and SCANTAG

    B.2.2. Therapy

    Results of Early Trials Using Murine Monoclonal Antibodies as Anti-Cancer Therapy

    High Efficiency of Immunotoxin Potentiated by Lysosomotropic Amines to Specifically Kill Tumor Cells

    In Vivo Effect of the Conjugate of Monoclonal Antibody with Cytotoxic Agent on the Tumor Growth of Human Melanoma

    Monoclonal Antibodies Against Human Gastric Carcinomas

    Monoclonal Antibodies for Targeted Therapy with Vindesine

    Diagnostic and Therapeutic Applications of a Monoclonal Antibody Against Human Osteogenic Sarcoma

    B.3. Coagulation

    Identification of Human Blood Platelet Membrane Congenital Defects by the Use of Monoclonal Antibodies

    Evidence that the Monoclonal Antibody AN 51 is Directed Against Platelet Membrane Glycoprotein Ib

    Monoclonal Antibodies to Prothrombin: A Study of their Specificities for the Different Prothrombin Activation Products

    Monoclonal Antibodies for Domains which are Differentially Expressed in Fibrinogen, in Fibrinogen Degradation Products or in Fibrin Degradation Products

    Affinity Depletion and Affinity Purification of Human Factor IX by Monoclonal Antibodies

    Monoclonal Antibodies in Analysis of Trypsin Digested Proteolytic Fragments of Human Plasma Fibronectin

    B.4. Leukemia

    Monoclonal Antibodies Differentiating A Subtype of Leukemias

    Clinical Utility of Monoclonal Antibodies in the Phenotyping of Acute and Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

    Leukemia Diagnosis with Monoclonal Antibodies

    Monoclonal Antibodies to Human Myeloid Associated Antigens

    Characterization of a Murine Monoclonal Antibody Specific for Early Lymphohemopoietic Cells

    B.5. T Cells

    Unexpected Specificities of Monoclonal Antibodies

    In Situ Analysis of Mononuclear Cell Infiltrate in Liver Biopsies of Patients with Orthotopic Liver Transplantation

    T Lymphocytes in the Human Fetus, Studied with Monoclonal Antibodies

    A Monoclonal Antibody Directed Against HLA-DR Molecules Inhibits the Interleukin-2-Dependent T Cell Proliferation in Humans

    Surface Phenotype of Helper and Suppressor Human T Cell Clones

    T-Lymphocyte Subpopulations in Peripheral Blood of Long-Survivors with Hodgkin’s Disease Off-Therapy: Determinations by Means of Monoclonal Antibodies

    Human Blood T-Cell Subpopulations Identified by Monoclonal Antibodies in Ageing

    Mouse Hybridoma Lines Specific for Genetic Markers of the Rabbit Immunoglobulins (Allotypes)

    Monoclonal Anti-Allotype Antibodies as Probes for the Rabbit T-Cell Receptor

    Monoclonal Antibodies Against Ia +, Antigen Specific T Cell Factors

    B.6. B Cells

    Monoclonal Anti-Immunoglobulin Reagents in the Detection of Immunoglobulin on the Surface of Normal and Neoplastic B Lymphocytes

    Analysis of Human B Cell Membrane Antigens by Means of Monoclonal Antibodies

    B.7. Interferon

    Monoclonal Antibodies to Human Leukocyte and Fibroblast Interferon

    Monoclonal Antibodies Against Human Leucocyte Interferons for the Definition of Subclasses and their Affinity Purification

    B.8. Infectious Diseases

    Monoclonal Antibodies to Hepatitis Antigens as Diagnostic Tools

    Affinity Purification of Hepatitis B Surface Antigen Using RF-HBs-1 Monoclonal Antibody

    A Serological Test for Tuberculosis Based on Murine Monoclonal Antibodies

    Monoclonal Antibodies to Poliovirus and its Capsid Proteins

    Production and Use of Monoclonal Antibodies to Polioviruses

    Monoclonal Antibodies and Diagnosis of Schistosomiasis in Man

    B.9. Neuroproteins

    Monoclonal Antibodies to Myelin Basic Protein

    Monoclonal Antibodies as Probes for Neural Cell-Surface Glycoproteins

    Ultrastructural Immunohistochemical Study of Nerve Cell Surface Antigens with Monoclonal Antibodies

    Monoclonal Antibodies Against Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein

    B.10. Diagnostic Reagents

    Monoclonal Antibodies in Simultaneous Marking ELISA Systems

    Advantages and Disadvantages in the Application of Monoclonal Antibodies as Tools in Clinical Diagnosis — Monoclonal Anti-HCG in Immunoassay Systems

    Production and Characterization of Monoclonal Antibodies Specific for Parathormone

    Immunogenic and Antigenic Epitopes of Immunoglobulins VI. Application of Monoclonal Antibodies to Human IgG Sub-Classes in Quantitative Assays

    Monoclonal Antibodies Against M1 Antigen, A Fucomucin of the Human Gastrointestinal Mucosa

    Study of the Dissociation Constant of Four Monoclonal Hybridoma Antibodies Specific to Human β2 Microglobulin. Effect of 2 Mercapto-ethanol on their Activity

    Two Monoclonal Antibodies Against Human Cardiac Myosins

    Development of a Screening System for the Detection of Somatic Mutations: Detection of Monoclonal Antibodies Specific for Hemoglobin Determinants

    Section C. Separation Methods

    C.1. Electrophoretic Techniques

    Methods of Two-Dimensional Gel Electrophoresis for the Clinical Laboratory

    The Demonstration of Human Brain-Specific Soluble Proteins Using High Resolution Two-Dimensional Polyacrylamide Gel Electrophoresis

    Brain Proteins in Soluble and Insoluble Fractions Analyzed by Micro Two-Dimensional Electrophoresis

    Demonstration of Prealbumin, Apolipoprotein A I and 7-S-Beta1-Globulin from Human Blood by Double One-Dimensional Electrophoresis

    Immobilized pH Gradients for Isoelectric Focusing. I. Theory and Methodology

    Isoelectric Focusing in Immobilized pH Gradients. II. Application to Hemoglobin Analysis

    Isoelectric Focusing in Immobilized pH-Gradients. III. Application to Two-Dimensional Separations

    C.2. Chromatofocusing

    The Separation of Serum Proteins by Chromatofocusing

    Chromatofocusing Applied to the Separation of Human Hemoglobins and Globin Chains

    Basic Principles Used in the Selection of Monobeads Ion Exchangers for the Separation of Biopolymers

    Physicochemical Considerations in the Use of Monobeads for the Separation of Biological Molecules

    Fast Protein Separations on Mono O, Mono S and Mono P

    Recommendations for Obtaining Optimal Separations on Monobead Ion Exchangers

    Sample Loading Capacity on Monobeads Ion Exchangers

    Two Dimensional Analysis of Human Sera By Chromatofocusing on Mono P Followed by Fused Rocket Immunoelectrophoresis

    Analysis of Human Blood Plasma by Chromatofocusing on Mono P Followed by Pore Gradient Gel Electrophoresis

    Chromatofocusing of Desialylated Human Transferrin on Mono P

    C.3. Affinity Chromatography

    Immunoaffinity Chromatography with Monoclonal Antibodies

    Separation of Copper-Binding Peptides From Human Ceruloplasmin by Metal Chelate Affinity Chromatography and HPLC

    Chromatography of Serum Proteins on Immobilized Cibacron Blue F3GA

    Chromatography of Pig Pituitary Extracts on Inactivated Kallikrein-Sepharose

    Purification of Human Lymphocyte Ecto-5′Nucleotidase in Order to Prepare a Monoclonal Antibody

    C.4. HPLC

    High Pressure Liquid Chromatography Using Ampholyte Displacement (HPADC)

    High Speed Gel Filtration as a Tool to Optimize Protein Fragmentation

    Reverse-Phase HPLC of Proteins Using Large Pore Silica Based Supports

    Assessment Study on the Use of the Low Angle Laser Light Scattering Technique in Combination with the High Performance Porous Silica Gel Chromatography

    Combined UV- and Alkaline Hydrolysis/o-Phthal Aldehyde Reaction Detection in Preparative HPLC of Proteins and Peptides with Samples From Complex Biological Fluids

    The Use of Size Exclusion and C18 Reverse Phase HPLC Columns for Separating the Component Polypeptides of Ia Antigen Membrane Proteins

    Isolation and Characterization of Intracellular Ca2+-Binding Proteins by High Performance Liquid Chromatography

    Evaluation of Commercial RP-HPLC Columns for the Separation of Peptides from Porcine Cardiac Myosin Light Chain L27

    The Optimization of RP-HPLC of Proteins with Large Pore-Size Short Alkylchain-Bonded Silica (Ultrapore RPSC) and its Application to Epidermal Growth Factor

    High Performance Liquid Chromatography of Peptides on Macroreticular Polystyrene Resins

    HPLC Separation of Axonally Transported Proteins in Sciatic Nerves

    Immune Complex Analysis by a Combination of High Pressure Liquid Gel Permeation Chromatography (HPLC GPC) and Enzyme Immunoassay (ELISA)

    Isolation of Thymosin β8 and β9 From Calf Thymus

    Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 800
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1983
  • Published: January 1, 1983
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483279640

About the Editor

H. Peeters

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