Prolonged Psychosocial Effects of Disaster: A Study of Buffalo Creek disseminates the findings of an investigation into the psychosocial effects of a specific disaster - the collapse of a slag dam that inundated the valley of Buffalo Creek in West Virginia on February 26, 1972. Based on interviews with more than 600 men, women, and children for whom psychic impairment was claimed, this volume examines the relationships between the individual disaster experiences of the survivors and their later psychological functioning.
Comprised of nine chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the psychosocial consequences of disasters and an account of the Buffalo Creek disaster itself, along with the subsequent lawsuit against the coal company. The next chapter explains how the psychopathology and stress of the survivors were scaled and gives some information regarding the reliability and validity of the data. Symptoms, sleep problems, family disruption, and traumatic dreams are considered. The findings on these data and the follow-up studies are discussed. The final chapter contains a summary of the findings and proposes specific suggestions as well as a model for future disaster studies.
This book will be of most practical importance to mental health scientists and clinicians working with the victims of stress and disaster, and should also be of considerable interest to social and behavioral scientists and, more generally, to administrators of government activities.
Chapter 1 Introduction
Chapter 2 Two Differing Points of View
Chapter 3 The Buffalo Creek Litigants
Chapter 4 Scaling Psychopathology and Stress
Clinical Impairment Rating
Quantifying Interview Data
Validation of Interview Quantification
Chapter 5 Examining the Evidence of Psychopathology
Sampling, Malingering, or Effect of the Disaster?
Amount of Psychopathology
Comparison with Normative Data
Comparisons with Psychiatric Outpatients
Further Psychosocial Disruption
Comparisons with Other Disasters
Chapter 6 Sleep and Dreams
Chapter 7 Stress, Coping, and Psychopathology
Relationship Between Stress and Psychopathology
Life Stresses Subsequent to the Flood
Relative and Total Impact of Predictor Variables
Relationships Among Psychopathology in Family Members
Chapter 8 After the Settlement What Then?
Description of Follow-Up Trips
Longitudinal Trends in Psychopathology
Longitudinal Aspects of Traumatic Dreams
Chapter 9 Summing Up
Conclusions with Respect to Hypotheses Tested
A Proposed Theoretical Framework
- No. of pages:
- © Academic Press 1981
- 28th June 1981
- Academic Press
- eBook ISBN: