Progress in Science and Its Social Conditions

Progress in Science and Its Social Conditions

Nobel Symposium 58 Held at Lidingö, Sweden, 15–19 August 1983

1st Edition - January 1, 1986

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  • Editor: Tord Ganelius
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483147802

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Description

Progress in Science and Its Social Conditions focuses on the drive to institute a sound development of science relative to technological innovations. Discussed in the book are the contributions of authors who have conducted research on the advancement of science in different environments. The contributions include literature that focus on tracing the history of science and how it has advanced in different countries. The book also elaborates on the emergence of various movements in scientific progress, including scientism, anti-scientism, elitism, and charlatanism. The conditions in the advance of science is then given attention. The book also highlights the role of higher education in research and development, and at the same time, puts emphasis on the recruitment of scientists in less developed countries. The processes and related factors of the advancement of technological innovation in various industrial settings are discussed. This is conducted by tracking how one company was able to upgrade the products it offers. The advancement of technology is identified as it is established that the company has continuously upgraded its products through the years. The contributions in this book can best serve the interest of those in the field of science, particularly those who are conducting research on its progress and utilization.

Table of Contents


  • Introduction

    What is Progress in Science?

    The Seventeenth-Century Outlook on Science

    Science, Technology, Progress and the Break-through: China as a Case Study in Human History

    Progress of Science in Africa - in Tradition, Culture and Religion

    The Growth of Science: Romantic and Technocratic Images

    Discussion Summary

    Anti-Intellectualism and Charlatanism; Elitism and Mediocrity

    Magic, Science and Institutionalization in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries

    Discussion Summary

    Science, Scientism and Anti-Scientism

    Discussion Summary

    Creative Thinking in Science and in Human Relations

    Discussion Summary

    Promotion of Excellence or Mediocrity

    Discussion Summary

    Conditions for Progress in Science

    Getting to Know Everything about Nothing: Subject Specialization in Science

    Planning, Administration and Organization of Science as a Means for Initiation, Enhancement and Development of Individual and Social Scientific Curiosity and Creativity

    Discussion Summary

    The Individual as a Human Resource for Scientific Progress

    Discussion Summary

    Educational Aspects and Recruitment of Scientists in Small Less Developed Countries

    Discussion Summary

    Modern Forms of Education in the Recruitment and Selection of Scientists

    Discussion Summary

    Understanding the Processes of Science: The Psychology of Scientific Discovery

    Discussion Summary

    Contagious Knowledge: Contagion as a Quality Criterion for Disciplinary and Interdisciplinary Science

    Discussion Summary

    The Meaning of Innovation at Sony

    Discussion Summary

    Cooperation and Conflicts in Industry-University Relations

    Discussion Summary

    Creativity in Science and Art

    The Unique and the Commonplace in the Creations of Art and Science

    Discussion Summary

    Excellence and Creativity in Science

    Discussion Summary

    Progress and Reality in the Arts and in the Sciences

    Discussion Summary

    "Progress" in Science?

    Discussion Summary

    List of Participants, Organizers and Observers

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 256
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1986
  • Published: January 1, 1986
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483147802

About the Editor

Tord Ganelius

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