Principles, Practices, and Positions in Neuropsychiatric Research

Principles, Practices, and Positions in Neuropsychiatric Research

Proceedings of a Conference Held in June 1970 at the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Washington, D.C., in Tribute to Dr. David Mckenzie Rioch upon His Retirement as Director of the Neuropsychiatry Division of That Institute

1st Edition - January 1, 1972

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  • Editors: Joseph V. Brady, Walle J. H. Nauta
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483154534

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Description

Principles, Practices and Positions in Neuropsychiatric Research contains the proceedings of a conference held in June 1970 at the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Washington, D.C., in tribute to Dr. David McKenzie Rioch upon his retirement as Director of the Neuropsychiatry Division of that institute. This book is composed of the original contributions presented at the conference, as well as several invited papers that could not be programmed at the meeting because of certain limitations. Topics covered in some papers focus on anatomy of the thalamus; glia-neuronal interaction; receptor characteristics and conduction velocities in bladder afferents; responses of photoreceptors; and specificity of responses of cells in the visual cortex. This text also discusses the channeling of responses elicited by hypothalamic stimulation; neurochemistry of reward and punishment; behavioral analysis of aphasia; and biology of sleep. The military psychiatry and changing systems of mental health care, as well as psychological issues in training for research in psychiatry are also addressed. The contributions in this book will serve to reflect the remarkable range of bio-social research interest and competence.

Table of Contents

  • PREFACE

    DAVID McKENZIE RIOCH--A CHIEL O’ MONY PAIRTS

    LIST OF PUBLICATIONS BY DAVID McKENZIE RIOCH

    Chapter 1: THE PROBLEM OF THE FRONTAL LOBE: A REINTERPRETATION

    Publisher Summary

    INTRODUCTION

    FUNCTIONAL CONSIDERATIONS

    NEURAL ASSOCIATIONS OF THE FRONTAL LOBE

    DISCUSSION

    Acknowledgements

    Chapter 2: CONNECTIONS OF THE PARIETAL LOBE

    Publisher Summary

    INTRODUCTION

    MATERIALS AND METHODS

    RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

    SUMMARY

    Acknowledgements

    Chapter 3: IDEA OF A NEW ANATOMY OF THE THALAMUS

    Publisher Summary

    INTRODUCTION

    NOMENCLATURE

    CEREBELLO-THALAMIC CONNECTIONS

    PALLIDO-THALAMIC CONNECTIONS

    NIGRO-THALAMIC CONNECTIONS

    CORTICO-THALAMIC AND THALAMO-CORTICAL RELATIONSHIPS

    SUMMARY

    ABBREVIATIONS

    Chapter 4: THE GLIA-NEURONAL INTERACTION: SOME OBSERVATIONS

    Publisher Summary

    Chapter 5: RECEPTOR CHARACTERISTICS AND CONDUCTION VELOCITIES IN BLADDER AFFERENTS

    Publisher Summary

    INTRODUCTION

    METHODS

    RESULTS

    DISCUSSION

    SUMMARY

    Acknowledgement

    Chapter 6: THE CELLULAR BASIS OF BEHAVIOR IN APLYSIA

    Publisher Summary

    HISTORICAL INTRODUCTION

    THE UTILITY OF STUDYING SIMPLE NERVOUS SYSTEMS

    THE SEA HARE, APLYSIA

    REPRODUCTIVE BEHAVIOR

    SLEEP AND WAKING

    NEWER METHODS IN THE STUDY OF SLEEP

    A CIRCADIAN RHYTHM IN THE EYE OF APLYSIA

    A CIRCADIAN RHYTHM IN A SINGLE NEUROSECRETORY NEURON

    THE RELEVANCE OF INTRACELLULAR NEURONAL CONTROLS

    PROSPECTS FOR THE FUTURE

    SUMMARY

    Acknowledgements

    Chapter 7: THE VESTIBULAR NUCLEI AND SPINAL MOTOR ACTIVITY

    Publisher Summary

    INTRODUCTION

    THE LATERAL VESTIBULOSPINAL TRACT

    THE MEDIAL VESTIBULOSPINAL TRACT

    CONCLUSIONS

    Chapter 8: IS PAIN A SPECIFIC SENSATION?

    Publisher Summary

    NOCICEPTION BY CUTANEOUS RECEPTORS

    SPINAL PROJECTION OF NOCICEPTORS

    CONCLUSIONS

    Acknowledgements

    Chapter 9: RESPONSES OF PHOTORECEPTORS

    Publisher Summary

    SIMPLE PHOTOCHEMICAL PROCESSES

    VISUAL PIGMENTS

    PHOTORECEPTOR CELLS

    GENERATOR POTENTIALS

    KINETICS OF VISUAL RESPONSES—LINEAR MODELS

    RELATIONS BETWEEN SENSITIVITY AND TIME SCALE

    NON-LINEAR MODEL

    A CHEMICAL MODEL

    EFFECTS OF TEMPERATURE AND OF DNP ON VISUAL RESPONSES

    Chapter 10: SPECIFICITY OF RESPONSES OF CELLS IN THE VISUAL CORTEX

    Publisher Summary

    Chapter 11: ELECTROPHYSIOLOGY OF VISUAL AND PERCEPTUAL ACTIVITY

    Publisher Summary

    Chapter 12: A RE-EVALUATION OF THE CONCEPT OF "NON-SPECIFICITY" IN STRESS THEORY

    Publisher Summary

    Chapter 13: CHANNELING OF RESPONSES ELICITED BY HYPOTHALAMIC STIMULATION

    Publisher Summary

    SUBJECTS AND METHODS

    EXPERIMENT 1

    EXPERIMENT 2

    DISCUSSION

    Chapter 14: NEUROCHEMISTRY OF REWARD AND PUNISHMENT: SOME IMPLICATIONS FOR THE ETIOLOGY OF SCHIZOPHRENIA

    Publisher Summary

    ROLE OF HEREDITY IN SCHIZOPHRENIA

    A CHEMICAL THEORY OF SCHIZOPHRENIA

    POSSIBLE CHEMICAL CAUSE OF SCHIZOPHRENIA

    POSSIBLE MODE OF ACTION OF ANTIPSYCHOTIC PHENOTHIAZINES

    POSSIBLE ENZYME DEFICIT IN SCHIZOPHRENIA

    POSSIBLE ETIOLOGY OF MANIC-DEPRESSIVE PSYCHOSIS AND PARKINSON’S DISEASE

    SUMMARY

    Acknowledgements

    Chapter 15: EMOTION REVISITED

    Publisher Summary

    Chapter 16: AGGRESSIVE BEHAVIOR OF CHIMPANZEES AND BABOONS IN NATURAL HABITATS

    Publisher Summary

    RATIONALE AND METHOD

    SITUATIONS ELICITING AGGRESSIVE BEHAVIOR IN BABOONS

    SITUATIONS ELICITING AGGRESSIVE BEHAVIOR IN CHIMPANZEES

    DOMINANCE RELATIONS

    GROOMING BEHAVIOR

    LEARNING OF AGGRESSIVE BEHAVIOR

    CONCLUDING COMMENT

    Chapter 17: QUANTITATIVE HEDONISM

    Publisher Summary

    Chapter 18: THE BEHAVIORAL ANALYSIS OF APHASIA

    Publisher Summary

    STIMULUS-RESPONSE RELATIONS

    IDENTITY VS. NONIDENTITY TASKS

    LETTERS AND WORDS

    THE PRESUMED PREREQUISITES FOR SPELLING

    Chapter 19: SHORT-TERM STORAGE AND LONG-TERM STORAGE IN RECALL

    Publisher Summary

    THE MODEL

    CLOSING STATEMENT

    SUMMARY

    Chapter 20: LINGUISTIC ASPECTS OF AMNESIA AND CONFABULATION

    Publisher Summary

    AMNESIA

    Chapter 21: THE NEW BIOLOGY OF SLEEP

    Publisher Summary

    SLEEP AS AN ACTIVE STATE

    REM SLEEP

    THE NEED FOR SLEEP

    SOME POSSIBLE BIOCHEMICAL SUBSTRATES

    SEROTONIN IN MAN

    CATECHOLAMINES IN MAN

    SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION

    Chapter 22: CURRENT STATUS AND FUTURE PROSPECTS FOR RESEARCH IN PSYCHOSOMATIC MEDICINE

    Publisher Summary

    I INTRODUCTION

    II METHODOLOGICAL PROBLEMS IN CLINICAL PSYCHOSOMATIC RESEARCH

    III VALIDATION STUDIES

    IV PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGICAL STUDIES

    V RECENT PHYSIOLOGICAL ADVANCES

    VI ANIMAL STUDIES

    VII THE ROLE OF THE CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM

    VIII CONCLUSION

    Chapter 23: MILITARY PSYCHIATRY AND CHANGING SYSTEMS OF MENTAL HEALTH CARE

    Publisher Summary

    INTRODUCTION

    MILITARY MEDICINE

    MILITARY PSYCHIATRY

    WORLD WAR I

    LOCATION OF TREATMENT

    NETWORK OF SERVICES

    CONTRIBUTIONS OF WORLD WAR I PSYCHIATRY

    BETWEEN WORLD WAR I AND WORLD WAR II

    WORLD WAR II

    CONTRIBUTIONS OF WORLD WAR II PSYCHIATRY

    POST WORLD WAR II MILITARY PSYCHIATRY

    VIET NAM

    REVERSAL OF THE BANISHMENT SYSTEM

    SUMMARY

    Chapter 24: APPLICATIONS OF THE MILITARY MEDICAL MODEL TO CIVILIAN PSYCHIATRY

    Publisher Summary

    Chapter 25: OCCUPATIONAL SOCIALIZATION IN THE PROFESSIONS: THE CASE OF ROLE INNOVATION

    Publisher Summary

    INTRODUCTION

    TYPES OF PROFESSIONAL CAREERS

    OCCUPATIONAL SOCIALIZATION FOR THE ROLE INNOVATOR

    SUMMARY

    Chapter 26: PSYCHOLOGICAL ISSUES IN TRAINING FOR RESEARCH IN PSYCHIATRY

    Publisher Summary

    INDEX

Product details

  • No. of pages: 397
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1972
  • Published: January 1, 1972
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483154534

About the Editors

Joseph V. Brady

Walle J. H. Nauta

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