Principles, Practices, and Positions in Neuropsychiatric Research - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080170077, 9781483154534

Principles, Practices, and Positions in Neuropsychiatric Research

1st Edition

Proceedings of a Conference Held in June 1970 at the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Washington, D.C., in Tribute to Dr. David Mckenzie Rioch upon His Retirement as Director of the Neuropsychiatry Division of That Institute

Editors: Joseph V. Brady Walle J. H. Nauta
eBook ISBN: 9781483154534
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1972
Page Count: 397
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Description

Principles, Practices and Positions in Neuropsychiatric Research contains the proceedings of a conference held in June 1970 at the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Washington, D.C., in tribute to Dr. David McKenzie Rioch upon his retirement as Director of the Neuropsychiatry Division of that institute. This book is composed of the original contributions presented at the conference, as well as several invited papers that could not be programmed at the meeting because of certain limitations. Topics covered in some papers focus on anatomy of the thalamus; glia-neuronal interaction; receptor characteristics and conduction velocities in bladder afferents; responses of photoreceptors; and specificity of responses of cells in the visual cortex. This text also discusses the channeling of responses elicited by hypothalamic stimulation; neurochemistry of reward and punishment; behavioral analysis of aphasia; and biology of sleep. The military psychiatry and changing systems of mental health care, as well as psychological issues in training for research in psychiatry are also addressed. The contributions in this book will serve to reflect the remarkable range of bio-social research interest and competence.

Table of Contents

PREFACE

DAVID McKENZIE RIOCH--A CHIEL O’ MONY PAIRTS

LIST OF PUBLICATIONS BY DAVID McKENZIE RIOCH

Chapter 1: THE PROBLEM OF THE FRONTAL LOBE: A REINTERPRETATION

Publisher Summary

INTRODUCTION

FUNCTIONAL CONSIDERATIONS

NEURAL ASSOCIATIONS OF THE FRONTAL LOBE

DISCUSSION

Acknowledgements

Chapter 2: CONNECTIONS OF THE PARIETAL LOBE

Publisher Summary

INTRODUCTION

MATERIALS AND METHODS

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

SUMMARY

Acknowledgements

Chapter 3: IDEA OF A NEW ANATOMY OF THE THALAMUS

Publisher Summary

INTRODUCTION

NOMENCLATURE

CEREBELLO-THALAMIC CONNECTIONS

PALLIDO-THALAMIC CONNECTIONS

NIGRO-THALAMIC CONNECTIONS

CORTICO-THALAMIC AND THALAMO-CORTICAL RELATIONSHIPS

SUMMARY

ABBREVIATIONS

Chapter 4: THE GLIA-NEURONAL INTERACTION: SOME OBSERVATIONS

Publisher Summary

Chapter 5: RECEPTOR CHARACTERISTICS AND CONDUCTION VELOCITIES IN BLADDER AFFERENTS

Publisher Summary

INTRODUCTION

METHODS

RESULTS

DISCUSSION

SUMMARY

Acknowledgement

Chapter 6: THE CELLULAR BASIS OF BEHAVIOR IN APLYSIA

Publisher Summary

HISTORICAL INTRODUCTION

THE UTILITY OF STUDYING SIMPLE NERVOUS SYSTEMS

THE SEA HARE, APLYSIA

REPRODUCTIVE BEHAVIOR

SLEEP AND WAKING

NEWER METHODS IN THE STUDY OF SLEEP

A CIRCADIAN RHYTHM IN THE EYE OF APLYSIA

A CIRCADIAN RHYTHM IN A SINGLE NEUROSECRETORY NEURON

THE RELEVANCE OF INTRACELLULAR NEURONAL CONTROLS

PROSPECTS FOR THE FUTURE

SUMMARY

Acknowledgements

Chapter 7: THE VESTIBULAR NUCLEI AND SPINAL MOTOR ACTIVITY

Publisher Summary

INTRODUCTION

THE LATERAL VESTIBULOSPINAL TRACT

THE MEDIAL VESTIBULOSPINAL TRACT

CONCLUSIONS

Chapter 8: IS PAIN A SPECIFIC SENSATION?

Publisher Summary

NOCICEPTION BY CUTANEOUS RECEPTORS

SPINAL PROJECTION OF NOCICEPTORS

CONCLUSIONS

Acknowledgements

Chapter 9: RESPONSES OF PHOTORECEPTORS

Publisher Summary

SIMPLE PHOTOCHEMICAL PROCESSES

VISUAL PIGMENTS

PHOTORECEPTOR CELLS

GENERATOR POTENTIALS

KINETICS OF VISUAL RESPONSES—LINEAR MODELS

RELATIONS BETWEEN SENSITIVITY AND TIME SCALE

NON-LINEAR MODEL

A CHEMICAL MODEL

EFFECTS OF TEMPERATURE AND OF DNP ON VISUAL RESPONSES

Chapter 10: SPECIFICITY OF RESPONSES OF CELLS IN THE VISUAL CORTEX

Publisher Summary

Chapter 11: ELECTROPHYSIOLOGY OF VISUAL AND PERCEPTUAL ACTIVITY

Publisher Summary

Chapter 12: A RE-EVALUATION OF THE CONCEPT OF "NON-SPECIFICITY" IN STRESS THEORY

Publisher Summary

Chapter 13: CHANNELING OF RESPONSES ELICITED BY HYPOTHALAMIC STIMULATION

Publisher Summary

SUBJECTS AND METHODS

EXPERIMENT 1

EXPERIMENT 2

DISCUSSION

Chapter 14: NEUROCHEMISTRY OF REWARD AND PUNISHMENT: SOME IMPLICATIONS FOR THE ETIOLOGY OF SCHIZOPHRENIA

Publisher Summary

ROLE OF HEREDITY IN SCHIZOPHRENIA

A CHEMICAL THEORY OF SCHIZOPHRENIA

POSSIBLE CHEMICAL CAUSE OF SCHIZOPHRENIA

POSSIBLE MODE OF ACTION OF ANTIPSYCHOTIC PHENOTHIAZINES

POSSIBLE ENZYME DEFICIT IN SCHIZOPHRENIA

POSSIBLE ETIOLOGY OF MANIC-DEPRESSIVE PSYCHOSIS AND PARKINSON’S DISEASE

SUMMARY

Acknowledgements

Chapter 15: EMOTION REVISITED

Publisher Summary

Chapter 16: AGGRESSIVE BEHAVIOR OF CHIMPANZEES AND BABOONS IN NATURAL HABITATS

Publisher Summary

RATIONALE AND METHOD

SITUATIONS ELICITING AGGRESSIVE BEHAVIOR IN BABOONS

SITUATIONS ELICITING AGGRESSIVE BEHAVIOR IN CHIMPANZEES

DOMINANCE RELATIONS

GROOMING BEHAVIOR

LEARNING OF AGGRESSIVE BEHAVIOR

CONCLUDING COMMENT

Chapter 17: QUANTITATIVE HEDONISM

Publisher Summary

Chapter 18: THE BEHAVIORAL ANALYSIS OF APHASIA

Publisher Summary

STIMULUS-RESPONSE RELATIONS

IDENTITY VS. NONIDENTITY TASKS

LETTERS AND WORDS

THE PRESUMED PREREQUISITES FOR SPELLING

Chapter 19: SHORT-TERM STORAGE AND LONG-TERM STORAGE IN RECALL

Publisher Summary

THE MODEL

CLOSING STATEMENT

SUMMARY

Chapter 20: LINGUISTIC ASPECTS OF AMNESIA AND CONFABULATION

Publisher Summary

AMNESIA

Chapter 21: THE NEW BIOLOGY OF SLEEP

Publisher Summary

SLEEP AS AN ACTIVE STATE

REM SLEEP

THE NEED FOR SLEEP

SOME POSSIBLE BIOCHEMICAL SUBSTRATES

SEROTONIN IN MAN

CATECHOLAMINES IN MAN

SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION

Chapter 22: CURRENT STATUS AND FUTURE PROSPECTS FOR RESEARCH IN PSYCHOSOMATIC MEDICINE

Publisher Summary

I INTRODUCTION

II METHODOLOGICAL PROBLEMS IN CLINICAL PSYCHOSOMATIC RESEARCH

III VALIDATION STUDIES

IV PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGICAL STUDIES

V RECENT PHYSIOLOGICAL ADVANCES

VI ANIMAL STUDIES

VII THE ROLE OF THE CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM

VIII CONCLUSION

Chapter 23: MILITARY PSYCHIATRY AND CHANGING SYSTEMS OF MENTAL HEALTH CARE

Publisher Summary

INTRODUCTION

MILITARY MEDICINE

MILITARY PSYCHIATRY

WORLD WAR I

LOCATION OF TREATMENT

NETWORK OF SERVICES

CONTRIBUTIONS OF WORLD WAR I PSYCHIATRY

BETWEEN WORLD WAR I AND WORLD WAR II

WORLD WAR II

CONTRIBUTIONS OF WORLD WAR II PSYCHIATRY

POST WORLD WAR II MILITARY PSYCHIATRY

VIET NAM

REVERSAL OF THE BANISHMENT SYSTEM

SUMMARY

Chapter 24: APPLICATIONS OF THE MILITARY MEDICAL MODEL TO CIVILIAN PSYCHIATRY

Publisher Summary

Chapter 25: OCCUPATIONAL SOCIALIZATION IN THE PROFESSIONS: THE CASE OF ROLE INNOVATION

Publisher Summary

INTRODUCTION

TYPES OF PROFESSIONAL CAREERS

OCCUPATIONAL SOCIALIZATION FOR THE ROLE INNOVATOR

SUMMARY

Chapter 26: PSYCHOLOGICAL ISSUES IN TRAINING FOR RESEARCH IN PSYCHIATRY

Publisher Summary

INDEX

Details

No. of pages:
397
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Pergamon 1972
Published:
Imprint:
Pergamon
eBook ISBN:
9781483154534

About the Editor

Joseph V. Brady

Walle J. H. Nauta