Principles of Colour and Appearance Measurement - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780857092298, 9780857099242

Principles of Colour and Appearance Measurement

1st Edition

Object Appearance, Colour Perception and Instrumental Measurement

Authors: Asim Kumar Roy Choudhury
Hardcover ISBN: 9780857092298
eBook ISBN: 9780857099242
Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
Published Date: 22nd January 2014
Page Count: 408
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Table of Contents

Author contact details

Woodhead Publishing Series in Textiles

1. Characteristics of light sources


1.1 Introduction

1.2 Process of visual perception

1.3 Optics

1.4 Radiometry

1.5 Photometry

1.6 Black-body radiation

1.7 Colour temperature

1.8 Different light sources

1.9 Illuminants

1.10 Luminous efficacy of lamps

1.11 Colour rendering

1.12 References

2. Object appearance and colour


2.1 Introduction

2.2 Interaction of light with objects

2.3 Reflection

2.4 Scattering

2.5 Refraction

2.6 Transmission and absorption

2.7 Mechanisms of colour generation

2.8 References

3. Colour and appearance attributes


3.1 Introduction

3.2 Physical and psychophysical attributes

3.3 Gloss

3.4 Retroreflection

3.5 Transparency

3.6 Colour attributes

3.7 Assessment of colour appearance

3.8 Total appearance concept

3.9 Emotional aspects of colour

3.10 Colour combination schemes

3.11 Emotional aspects of colour combinations

3.12 References

4. Principles of colour perception


4.1 Introduction

4.2 Analysis of sun radiation

4.3 Principles of colour mixing

4.4 Colour matching experiment

4.5 CIE 2° standard observer functions

4.6 CIE 10° standard observer functions

4.7 Transformation of primaries

4.8 The human vision system

4.9 The remarkable properties of the eye

4.10 Colour vision theories

4.11 References

5. Unusual visual phenomena and colour blindness


5.1 Introduction

5.2 Unusual visual phenomena

5.3 Variation in colour vision

5.4 Defective colour vision

5.5 Yellowness of vision

5.6 References

6. Colour measurement instruments


6.1 Introduction

6.2 Measuring instruments

6.3 Video cameras for colour measurement

6.4 Components of colour measuring instruments

6.5 Measuring geometry

6.6 Direct versus reverse optics

6.7 Sample preparation and presentation

6.8 Sources of error

6.9 Future trends

6.10 References

7. Using instruments to quantify colour


7.1 Colorimetry

7.2 Colour space

7.3 Reflectance of object

7.4 CIE tristimulus colour space

7.5 Chromaticity

7.6 Chromaticity diagram

7.7 Dominant wavelength and excitation purity

7.8 CIE object colour solid

7.9 Advantages and disadvantages of CIE tristimulus colorimetry

7.10 Uniform colour scales

7.11 Fundamental colour space

7.12 Future trends

7.13 References

8. Issues in measuring whiteness and fluorescence


8.1 Introduction

8.2 Characteristics of whites

8.3 Whiteness improvement

8.4 Fluorescence

8.5 Problems of assessment

8.6 Measurement of fluorescence

8.7 UV calibration

8.8 UV calibration standards

8.9 Visual assessment of whiteness

8.10 References

9. Instrumental measures of whiteness


9.1 Introduction

9.2 Physical methods

9.3 Colorimetric methods

9.4 New whiteness indices

9.5 Topology of whiteness

9.6 Yellowness index

9.7 Application of whiteness indices

9.8 References



Colour and appearance perceptions are very complex psychological phenomena. Written by one of the foremost authorities in the field, Principles of Colour and Appearance Measurement is a major two-volume work addressing the key topics required to understand the issues and manage colour effectively. The book addresses how objects appear to viewers, how viewers perceive colour, and the major types of instrumentation used to measure colour.

Chapters detail the characteristics of light sources and object colour and appearance attributes. They encompass the complexities of human visual perception, including the various causes and types of colour blindness, and other unusual visual phenomena. The book also covers colour measurement instruments and methods, as well as  fluorescence and whiteness.

Principles of Colour Appearance and Measurement is a comprehensive resource for designers, colour technologists, colour quality inspectors, product developers, and anyone who uses colour in their work.

Key Features

  • Addresses the key topics required to understand the issues of colour measure and management
  • Examines how viewers perceive colour and how objects appear to them
  • Reviews the major types of instrumentation used to measure colour


Designers; Color technologists; Color quality inspectors; Product developers; Anyone who uses color in their work


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© Woodhead Publishing 2014
Woodhead Publishing
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"These volumes have earned their place on the well-equipped color science bookshelf, both for their up-to-dateness compared to the classics, and completeness of coverage across a wide range of topics."--AATCC Review, Principles of Colour Appearance and Measurement (Two Volumes)

About the Authors

Asim Kumar Roy Choudhury Author

Dr. Asim Kumar Roy Choudhury is presently working as principal, KPS Institute of Polytechnic, Belmuri. He retired as Professor and HOD (Textile) from the Government College of Engineering and Textile Technology, Serampore (W.B.), India. He has over 30 years’ experience in textile coloration and finishing in academia and industry, and has written numerous papers and several books on the subject, including the recently published two-volume work Principles of Colour and Appearance Measurement.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor, Government College of Engineering and Textile Technology, Serampore, India