Principles of Applied Reservoir Simulation - 3rd Edition - ISBN: 9780750679336, 9780080460451

Principles of Applied Reservoir Simulation

3rd Edition

Authors: John R. Fanchi, PhD
Paperback ISBN: 9780750679336
eBook ISBN: 9780080460451
Imprint: Gulf Professional Publishing
Published Date: 8th December 2005
Page Count: 532
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The hottest, most important topic to reservoir engineers is reservoir simulation. Reservoir simulations are literally pictures of what a reservoir of oil or gas looks, or should look, like under the surface of the earth. A multitude of tools is available to the engineer to generate these pictures, and, essentially, the more accurate the picture, the easier the engineer can get the product out of the ground, and, thus, the more profitable the well will be.

Completely revised and updated throughout, this new edition of a GPP industry standard has completely new sections on coalbed methane, CO2 sequestration (important for environmental concerns), Co2 Flood, more sophisticated petrophysical models for geoscientists, examples of subsidence, additional geomechanical calculations, and much more. What makes this book so different and valuable to the engineer is the accompanying software, used by reservoir engineers all over the world every day. The new software, IFLO (replacing WINB4D, in previous editions), is a simulator that the engineer can easily install in a Windows operating environment. IFLO generates simulations of how the well can be tapped and feeds this to the engineer in dynamic 3D perspective. This completely new software is much more functional, with better graphics and more scenarios from which the engineer can generate simulations.

This book and software helps the reservoir engineer do his or her job on a daily basis, better, more economically, and more efficiently. Without simulations, the reservoir engineer would not be able to do his or her job at all, and the technology available in this product is far superior to most companies’ internal simulation software. It is also much less expensive ($89.95 versus hundreds or even thousands of dollars) than off-the-shelf packages available from independent software companies servicing the oil and gas industry. It is, however, just as, or more accurate than these overpriced competitors, having been created by a high-profile industry expert and having been used by engineers in the real world with successful and profitable results.

Key Features

  • This reference is THE industry standard to successfuly modelling reservoirs, obtaining maximum supply and profiting from oil and gas reservoirs
  • Includes dowloadable software of the new IFLO reservoir simulation software, that can save your company thousands of dollars
  • This edition has been updated to included new sections on environmentally important issues such as CO2 sequestration, coalbed methane, CO2 Flood
  • The third edition also provides more sophisticated petrophysical models, examples of subsidence and additional geomechanical calculations


Reservoir Engineers, Petroleum Geologists, Geophysists

Table of Contents

Preface to Third Edition
About the Author
Introduction to Reservoir Management
1.1 Consensus Modeling
1.2 Management of Simulation Studies
1.3 “Hands-On” Simulation
1.4 Outline of the Text Exercises
Part I - Reservoir Engineering Primer
Basic Reservoir Analysis
2.1 Volumetrics
2.2 IFLO Volumetrics
2.3 Material Balance
2.4 Decline Curve Analysis
2.5 IFLO Application: Depletion of a Gas Reservoir
vi Principles of Applied Reservoir Simulation
3 Multiphase Flow Concepts
3.1 Basic Concepts
3.2 Capillary Pressure
3.3 Relative Permeability
3.4 Mobility and Fractional Flow
3.5Flow Concepts in Naturally Fractured Reservoirs
4 Fluid Displacement
4.1 Buckley-Leverett Theory
4.2 Welge’s Method
4.3 Miscible Displacement
4.4 Viscous Fingering
4.5IFLO Application: Buckley-Leverett Displacement
5 Frontal Stability
5.1 Frontal Advance Neglecting Gravity
5.2 Frontal Advance Including Gravity
5.3 Linear Stability Analysis
5.4 IFLO Application: Frontal Advance in a Dipping Reservoir Exercises
Table of Contents vii
Pattern Floods
6.1 Recovery Efficiency
6.2 Patterns and Spacing
6.3 Advances in Drilling Technology
6.4 Pattern Recovery
6.5 IFLO Application: Five-Spot Waterflood
6.6 IFLO Application: Line-Drive Waterflood in a Naturally Fractured Reservoir Exercises
7 Recovery of Subsurface Resources
7.1 Production Stages
7.2 Enhanced Oil Recovery
7.3 Unconventional Fossil Fuels
7.4 IFLO Coal Gas Model
7.5 IFLO Application: Coal Gas Production from a Fruitland Coal Exercises
8 Economics and the Environment
8.1 Society of Petroleum Engineers and World Petroleum Congress Reserves
8.2 Basic Economic Concepts
8.3 Investment Decision Analysis
8.4 Environmental Impact
viii Principles of Applied Reservoir Simulation
8.5 IFLO Application: CO2 Sequestration in a Mature Oil Field Exercises
Part II - Reservoir Simulation
9 Multiphase Fluid Flow Equations
9.1 The Continuity Equation
9.2 Conservation Laws
9.3 Flow Equations for Black Oil Simulation
9.4 Flow Equations for Compositional Simulation
9.5 Flow Equations for IFLO
9.6 Simulator Selection and Ockham’s Razor
9.7 IFLO Application: Gas Injection into a Light Oil Reservoir Exercises
10 Fundamentals of Reservoir Simulation
10.1 Simulator Solution Procedures
10.2 Numerical Dispersion
10.3 IFLO Solution Procedure
10.4 IFLO Transmissibility
10.5 IFLO Well Model
10.6 IFLO Application: Throughput in a Naturally Fractured Reservoir Model Exercises
Table of Contents ix
Overview of the Modeling Process
11.1 Prerequisites
11.2 Major Elements of a Reservoir Simulation Study
11.3 Reservoir Management Modeling System
11.4 Wellbore Modeling
11.5 Wellbore-Reservoir Coupling
11.6 Reservoir-Aquifer Model Exercises
12 Conceptual Reservoir Scales
12.1 Reservoir Sampling and Scales
12.2 Reservoir Geophysics
12.3 Correlating Reservoir Properties to Seismic Data
12.4 IFLO Petrophysical Model
12.5 IFLO Application: Scheduling Time-Lapse Seismic Surveys
13 Flow Units
13.1 Well Log Data
13.2 Pressure Transient Test Data
13.3 Pressure Correction
13.4 Integrating Scales: The Flow Unit
13.5 IFLO Application: Valley Fill Waterflood
x Principles of Applied Reservoir Simulation
14 Rock Properties
14.1 Porosity
14.2 Permeability
14.3 Porosity-Permeability Models
14.4 Permeability-Porosity-Fluid Pressure Relationships
14.5 IFLO Geomechanical Model
14.6 IFLO Application: Geomechanics and Compaction
15 Distributing Rock Properties
15.1 Types of Flow Models
15.2 Traditional Mapping
15.3 Computer Generated Mapping
15.4 Geostatistics and Kriging
15.5 Geostatistical Case Study
16 Fluid Properties
16.1 Fluid Types
16.2 Fluid Modeling
16.3 Fluid Sampling
16.4 IFLO Fluid Model
Table of Contents xi
16.5 Rock-Fluid Interaction
17 Model Initialization
17.1 Grid Definition
17.2 Grid Orientation Effect
17.3 IFLO Initialization Model
17.4 Case Study: Introduction
18 History Matching
18.1 Data Preparation
18.2 Illustrative History Matching Strategies
18.3 Key History Matching Parameters
18.4 Evaluating the History Match
18.5 Case Study: Data Analysis and Grid Preparation
19 Predictions
19.1 Prediction Process
19.2 Sensitivity Analyses
19.3 Prediction Capabilities
19.4 Validity of Model Predictions
19.5 Case Study: History Match and Prediction
xii Principles of Applied Reservoir Simulation
Part III: IFLO User’s Manual
Introduction to IFLO
20.1 Input Data File
20.2 IFLO Execution
20.3 IFLO Output Files
21 Initialization Data
21.1 Model Dimensions and Geometry
21.2 Porosity and Permeability Distributions
21.3 Rock Region Information
21.4 Modifications to Pore Volumes and Transmissibilities
21.5 Reservoir Geophysical Parameters
21.6 Fluid PVT Tables
21.7 Miscible Solvent Data
21.8 Pressure and Saturation Initialization
21.9 Run Control Parameters
21.10 Analytic Aquifer Models
21.11 Coal Gas Model
22 Recurrent Data
22.1 Time Step and Output Control
22.2 Well Information
Table of Contents xiii
Appendix A: Unit Conversion Factors
Appendix B: Example IFLO Input Data Set References Index


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About the Author

John R. Fanchi, PhD

John R. Fanchi is a Professor in the Department of Engineering and Energy Institute at Texas Christian University in Fort Worth, Texas. He holds the Ross B. Matthews Chair of Petroleum Engineering and teaches courses in energy and engineering. Before this appointment, he taught petroleum and energy engineering courses at the Colorado School of Mines and worked in the technology centers of four energy companies (Chevron, Marathon, Cities Service and Getty). He is a Distinguished Member of the Society of Petroleum Engineers and authored numerous books, including Integrated Reservoir Asset Management, Energy: Technology and Directions for the Future, Shared Earth Modeling, and Integrated Flow Modeling, all published with Elsevier.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor, Department of Engineering and Energy Institute, Texas Christian University, USA


"The talents of this very special author make up this book that is first of its kind in petroleum engineering and is a very useful tool for any engineering discipline interested in fluid flow in porous media." --Saeid Mokhatab, Advisor of Natural Gas Engineering Research Projects, Chemical and Petroleum Engineering Department, University of Wyoming, Laramie, Wyoming, USA