Principles of Applied Reservoir Simulation

Principles of Applied Reservoir Simulation

3rd Edition - December 8, 2005

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  • Author: John R. Fanchi, PhD
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080460451

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Description

The hottest, most important topic to reservoir engineers is reservoir simulation. Reservoir simulations are literally pictures of what a reservoir of oil or gas looks, or should look, like under the surface of the earth. A multitude of tools is available to the engineer to generate these pictures, and, essentially, the more accurate the picture, the easier the engineer can get the product out of the ground, and, thus, the more profitable the well will be. Completely revised and updated throughout, this new edition of a GPP industry standard has completely new sections on coalbed methane, CO2 sequestration (important for environmental concerns), Co2 Flood, more sophisticated petrophysical models for geoscientists, examples of subsidence, additional geomechanical calculations, and much more. What makes this book so different and valuable to the engineer is the accompanying software, used by reservoir engineers all over the world every day. The new software, IFLO (replacing WINB4D, in previous editions), is a simulator that the engineer can easily install in a Windows operating environment. IFLO generates simulations of how the well can be tapped and feeds this to the engineer in dynamic 3D perspective. This completely new software is much more functional, with better graphics and more scenarios from which the engineer can generate simulations. This book and software helps the reservoir engineer do his or her job on a daily basis, better, more economically, and more efficiently. Without simulations, the reservoir engineer would not be able to do his or her job at all, and the technology available in this product is far superior to most companies’ internal simulation software. It is also much less expensive ($89.95 versus hundreds or even thousands of dollars) than off-the-shelf packages available from independent software companies servicing the oil and gas industry. It is, however, just as, or more accurate than these overpriced competitors, having been created by a high-profile industry expert and having been used by engineers in the real world with successful and profitable results.

Key Features

  • This reference is THE industry standard to successfuly modelling reservoirs, obtaining maximum supply and profiting from oil and gas reservoirs
  • Includes dowloadable software of the new IFLO reservoir simulation software, that can save your company thousands of dollars
  • This edition has been updated to included new sections on environmentally important issues such as CO2 sequestration, coalbed methane, CO2 Flood
  • The third edition also provides more sophisticated petrophysical models, examples of subsidence and additional geomechanical calculations

Readership

Reservoir Engineers, Petroleum Geologists, Geophysists

Table of Contents

  • Preface to Third Edition
    About the Author
    Introduction to Reservoir Management
    1.1 Consensus Modeling
    1.2 Management of Simulation Studies
    1.3 “Hands-On” Simulation
    1.4 Outline of the Text Exercises
    Part I - Reservoir Engineering Primer
    Basic Reservoir Analysis
    2.1 Volumetrics
    2.2 IFLO Volumetrics
    2.3 Material Balance
    2.4 Decline Curve Analysis
    2.5 IFLO Application: Depletion of a Gas Reservoir
    vi Principles of Applied Reservoir Simulation
    Exercises
    3 Multiphase Flow Concepts
    3.1 Basic Concepts
    3.2 Capillary Pressure
    3.3 Relative Permeability
    3.4 Mobility and Fractional Flow
    3.5Flow Concepts in Naturally Fractured Reservoirs
    Exercises
    4 Fluid Displacement
    4.1 Buckley-Leverett Theory
    4.2 Welge’s Method
    4.3 Miscible Displacement
    4.4 Viscous Fingering
    4.5IFLO Application: Buckley-Leverett Displacement
    Exercises
    5 Frontal Stability
    5.1 Frontal Advance Neglecting Gravity
    5.2 Frontal Advance Including Gravity
    5.3 Linear Stability Analysis
    5.4 IFLO Application: Frontal Advance in a Dipping Reservoir Exercises
    Table of Contents vii
    Pattern Floods
    6.1 Recovery Efficiency
    6.2 Patterns and Spacing
    6.3 Advances in Drilling Technology
    6.4 Pattern Recovery
    6.5 IFLO Application: Five-Spot Waterflood
    6.6 IFLO Application: Line-Drive Waterflood in a Naturally Fractured Reservoir Exercises
    7 Recovery of Subsurface Resources
    7.1 Production Stages
    7.2 Enhanced Oil Recovery
    7.3 Unconventional Fossil Fuels
    7.4 IFLO Coal Gas Model
    7.5 IFLO Application: Coal Gas Production from a Fruitland Coal Exercises
    8 Economics and the Environment
    8.1 Society of Petroleum Engineers and World Petroleum Congress Reserves
    8.2 Basic Economic Concepts
    8.3 Investment Decision Analysis
    8.4 Environmental Impact
    viii Principles of Applied Reservoir Simulation
    8.5 IFLO Application: CO2 Sequestration in a Mature Oil Field Exercises
    Part II - Reservoir Simulation
    9 Multiphase Fluid Flow Equations
    9.1 The Continuity Equation
    9.2 Conservation Laws
    9.3 Flow Equations for Black Oil Simulation
    9.4 Flow Equations for Compositional Simulation
    9.5 Flow Equations for IFLO
    9.6 Simulator Selection and Ockham’s Razor
    9.7 IFLO Application: Gas Injection into a Light Oil Reservoir Exercises
    10 Fundamentals of Reservoir Simulation
    10.1 Simulator Solution Procedures
    10.2 Numerical Dispersion
    10.3 IFLO Solution Procedure
    10.4 IFLO Transmissibility
    10.5 IFLO Well Model
    10.6 IFLO Application: Throughput in a Naturally Fractured Reservoir Model Exercises
    Table of Contents ix
    Overview of the Modeling Process
    11.1 Prerequisites
    11.2 Major Elements of a Reservoir Simulation Study
    11.3 Reservoir Management Modeling System
    11.4 Wellbore Modeling
    11.5 Wellbore-Reservoir Coupling
    11.6 Reservoir-Aquifer Model Exercises
    12 Conceptual Reservoir Scales
    12.1 Reservoir Sampling and Scales
    12.2 Reservoir Geophysics
    12.3 Correlating Reservoir Properties to Seismic Data
    12.4 IFLO Petrophysical Model
    12.5 IFLO Application: Scheduling Time-Lapse Seismic Surveys
    Exercises
    13 Flow Units
    13.1 Well Log Data
    13.2 Pressure Transient Test Data
    13.3 Pressure Correction
    13.4 Integrating Scales: The Flow Unit
    13.5 IFLO Application: Valley Fill Waterflood
    x Principles of Applied Reservoir Simulation
    Exercises
    14 Rock Properties
    14.1 Porosity
    14.2 Permeability
    14.3 Porosity-Permeability Models
    14.4 Permeability-Porosity-Fluid Pressure Relationships
    14.5 IFLO Geomechanical Model
    14.6 IFLO Application: Geomechanics and Compaction
    Exercises
    15 Distributing Rock Properties
    15.1 Types of Flow Models
    15.2 Traditional Mapping
    15.3 Computer Generated Mapping
    15.4 Geostatistics and Kriging
    15.5 Geostatistical Case Study
    Exercises
    16 Fluid Properties
    16.1 Fluid Types
    16.2 Fluid Modeling
    16.3 Fluid Sampling
    16.4 IFLO Fluid Model
    Table of Contents xi
    16.5 Rock-Fluid Interaction
    Exercises
    17 Model Initialization
    17.1 Grid Definition
    17.2 Grid Orientation Effect
    17.3 IFLO Initialization Model
    17.4 Case Study: Introduction
    Exercises
    18 History Matching
    18.1 Data Preparation
    18.2 Illustrative History Matching Strategies
    18.3 Key History Matching Parameters
    18.4 Evaluating the History Match
    18.5 Case Study: Data Analysis and Grid Preparation
    Exercises
    19 Predictions
    19.1 Prediction Process
    19.2 Sensitivity Analyses
    19.3 Prediction Capabilities
    19.4 Validity of Model Predictions
    19.5 Case Study: History Match and Prediction
    xii Principles of Applied Reservoir Simulation
    Exercises
    Part III: IFLO User’s Manual
    Introduction to IFLO
    20.1 Input Data File
    20.2 IFLO Execution
    20.3 IFLO Output Files
    21 Initialization Data
    21.1 Model Dimensions and Geometry
    21.2 Porosity and Permeability Distributions
    21.3 Rock Region Information
    21.4 Modifications to Pore Volumes and Transmissibilities
    21.5 Reservoir Geophysical Parameters
    21.6 Fluid PVT Tables
    21.7 Miscible Solvent Data
    21.8 Pressure and Saturation Initialization
    21.9 Run Control Parameters
    21.10 Analytic Aquifer Models
    21.11 Coal Gas Model
    22 Recurrent Data
    22.1 Time Step and Output Control
    22.2 Well Information
    Table of Contents xiii
    Appendix A: Unit Conversion Factors
    Appendix B: Example IFLO Input Data Set References Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 536
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Gulf Professional Publishing 2005
  • Published: December 8, 2005
  • Imprint: Gulf Professional Publishing
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080460451

About the Author

John R. Fanchi, PhD

John R. Fanchi is a Professor in the Department of Engineering and Energy Institute at Texas Christian University in Fort Worth, Texas. He holds the Ross B. Matthews Chair of Petroleum Engineering and teaches courses in energy and engineering. Before this appointment, he taught petroleum and energy engineering courses at the Colorado School of Mines and worked in the technology centers of four energy companies (Chevron, Marathon, Cities Service and Getty). He is a Distinguished Member of the Society of Petroleum Engineers and authored numerous books, including Integrated Reservoir Asset Management, Energy: Technology and Directions for the Future, Shared Earth Modeling, and Integrated Flow Modeling, all published with Elsevier.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor, Department of Engineering and Energy Institute, Texas Christian University, USA

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