Principles and Applications of RF/Microwave in Healthcare and Biosensing

Principles and Applications of RF/Microwave in Healthcare and Biosensing

1st Edition - October 5, 2016

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  • Authors: Changzhi Li, Mohammad Tofighi, Dominique Schreurs, Tzyy-Sheng Horng
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128092187
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780128029039

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This reference, written by leading authorities in the field, gives basic theory, implementation details, advanced research, and applications of  RF and microwave in healthcare and biosensing. It first provides a solid understanding of the fundamentals with coverage of the basics of microwave engineering and the interaction between electromagnetic waves and biomaterials. It then presents the state-of-the-art development in microwave biosensing, implantable devices -including applications of microwave technology for sensing biological tissues – and medical diagnosis, along with applications involving remote patient monitoring. this book is an ideal reference for RF and microwave engineer working on, or thinking of working on, the applications of RF and Microwave technology in medicine and biology. Learn: The fundamentals of RF and microwave engineering in healthcare and biosensing How to combine biological and medical aspects of the field with underlying engineering concepts How to implement microwave biosensing for material characterization and cancer diagnosis Applications and functioning of wireless implantable biomedical devices and microwave non-contact biomedical radars How to combine devices, systems, and methods for new practical applications

Key Features

  • The first book to review the fundamentals, latest developments, and future trends in this important emerging field with emphasis on engineering aspects of sensing, monitoring, and diagnosis using RF and Microwave
  • Extensive coverage of biosensing applications are included
  • Written by leaders in the field, including members of the Technical Coordinating Committee of the Biological Effects and Medical Applications of the IEEE Microwave Theory and Techniques Society


Microwave engineers and researchers, microwave application engineers, graduate and undergraduate students of engineering

Table of Contents

  • Introduction

    • Background
    • Recent Progress on RF/Microwave Biomedical Research
    • About This Book

    Chapter 1. Fundamentals of microwave engineering

    • Abstract
    • 1.1 Introduction
    • 1.2 Transmission Lines Theory
    • 1.3 RF Matrices
    • 1.4 Smith Chart
    • 1.5 Impedance Matching
    • 1.6 Microwave Passive Components
    • 1.7 Microwave Active Circuits
    • 1.8 System Architectures
    • Acknowledgments
    • References

    Chapter 2. Interaction between electromagnetic waves and biological materials

    • Abstract
    • 2.1 Introduction
    • 2.2 Complex Permittivity of Biological Materials and Relaxation Theory
    • 2.3 Complex Permittivity Measurement
    • 2.4 Conclusion
    • References

    Chapter 3. Microwave cancer diagnosis

    • Abstract
    • 3.1 Introduction
    • 3.2 The Dielectric Properties of Biological Tissue in the Microwave Range
    • 3.3 Mathematical Models for the Complex Permittivity of Biological Tissue
    • 3.4 The Complex Permittivity of Malignant Tumor Tissue Versus Healthy Tissue
    • 3.5 General Considerations for Microwave Systems for Cancer Diagnosis
    • 3.6 Common Techniques for Microwave Cancer Diagnosis
    • 3.7 Microwave Imaging for Breast Cancer Screening
    • 3.8 Skin Cancer Diagnosis Using Microwave Technology
    • 3.9 Further Possible Application Areas of Microwave Cancer Diagnosis
    • References

    Chapter 4. Wireless closed-loop stimulation systems for symptom management

    • Abstract
    • 4.1 Needs in Healthcare Systems
    • 4.2 Wireless Implant Systems
    • 4.3 Body Network Applications
    • 4.4 Neurological Applications
    • 4.5 Endoluminal Applications
    • 4.6 Conclusion
    • References

    Chapter 5. Human-aware localization using linear-frequency-modulated continuous-wave radars

    • Abstract
    • 5.1 Introduction
    • 5.2 LFMCW Radar Architecture
    • 5.3 LFMCW Waveform
    • 5.4 Signal Processing Issues
    • 5.5 Range Resolution, Precision, and Accuracy
    • 5.6 Clutter Mitigation
    • 5.7 Simulations
    • 5.8 Experimental Results
    • 5.9 Further Work
    • Acknowledgments
    • References

    Chapter 6. Biomedical radars for monitoring health

    • Abstract
    • 6.1 Introduction
    • 6.2 Popularizing Health Monitoring With Cutting-Edge Vital Sign Sensors
    • 6.3 Enabling Health Monitoring in Smart Homes
    • References

    Chapter 7. RF/wireless indoor activity classification

    • Abstract
    • 7.1 Introduction
    • 7.2 Future of Radio Frequency Activity Classification
    • 7.3 Theory of RF Activity Classification
    • 7.4 Case Study/Application
    • 7.5 Conclusion
    • References

Product details

  • No. of pages: 342
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2016
  • Published: October 5, 2016
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128092187
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780128029039

About the Authors

Changzhi Li

Changzhi Li is Associate Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering at Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX, USA, where his research interests include analog circuits, microwave circuits, and biomedical applications of microwave/RF. He is an associate editor for IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems II and served as an area editor for the International Journal of Electronics and Communications from 2011 to 2013. He served as the TPC co-chair for the IEEE Wireless and Microwave Technology Conference (WAMICON) in 2012 and 2013. He received the NSF Faculty Early CAREER Award in 2013, the Texas Tech Alumni Association New Faculty Award in 2012, and the IEEE MTT-S Graduate Fellowship Award in 2008. He was a finalist in the Vodafone Wireless Innovation Project competition in 2011 and has received nine best paper awards as author/advisor at IEEE conferences.

Affiliations and Expertise

Associate Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering at Texas Tech University, USA

Mohammad Tofighi

Mohammad-Reza Tofighi received a B.S. degree from Sharif University of Technology, Iran, in 1989, an M.S. degree from Iran University of Science and Technology, in 1993, and a Ph.D. degree from Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA, in 2001, all in electrical engineering. He is now an Associate Professor of Electrical Engineering at Pennsylvania State University, Harrisburg. His main research interest is on medical and biological applications of RF and microwave, which he has been pursuing for the past eighteen years. In particular, he conducts research on wireless implants and sensors, microwave radiometry and imaging, biomedical antennas and applicators, interaction of microwave with biological tissues, and permittivity measurement using time and frequency domain methods. Dr. Tofighi has been the past chair (2009-2013) of the MTT-10, the technical committee on biological effects and medical applications of RF and microwave of the IEEE Microwave Theory and Techniques (MTT) society. For many years, he has been active in promoting the subject area of medical and biological applications of RF and Microwave within the MTT sponsored conferences. He has also served as a guest editor for two special issues of IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques on the subject area, Oct. 2009 and May 2013 issues.

Affiliations and Expertise

Associate Professor of Electrical Engineering, Pennsylvania State University, Harrisburg, USA.

Dominique Schreurs

Dominique Schreurs
Dominique Schreurs is a full professor at KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium. Previously, she has been a visiting scientist at Agilent Technologies (USA), Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich (Switzerland), and the National Institute of Standards and Technology (USA). Dominique’s main research interests concern linear and nonlinear characterization and modeling of microwave devices and circuits, as well as linear and nonlinear hybrid and integrated circuit design for telecommunications and biomedical applications. She is the technical chair of ARFTG and serves as the editor of the IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor at KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.

Tzyy-Sheng Horng

Distinguished Professor, National Sun Yat-Sen University, Taiwan.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor, National Sun Yat-sen University, Taiwan

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