Primate Conservation - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780125761505, 9780323143608

Primate Conservation

1st Edition

Editors: Prince Rainer III
eBook ISBN: 9780323143608
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1977
Page Count: 676
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Primate Conservation provides a comprehensive discussion of the conservation of many species of nonhuman primates. The problems of conservation are discussed by distinguished scientists who are experts in their knowledge of the animals they write about and who have firsthand knowledge of the problems of conserving them. Animals ranging from Galago to the Gorilla have been selected to serve as examples of the types of problems that conservationists face.
The book begins by discussing the ecology of two species of galagine in South Africa. It covers factors such as their distribution, habitat, population densities, activity patterns, feeding, group structure, and reproduction. This is followed by separate chapters on the conservation of the following: aye-aye; the lion tamarins of Brazil; the Peruvian yellow-tailed woolly monkey; the toque macaque of Sri Lanka; rare lion-tailed monkey of South India; rhesus monkeys in Northern India; the gelada baboons; the hanuman langur and douc langur; red ouakaris; black colobus monkeys; lesser apes; and eastern gorillas.

Table of Contents

List of Contributors


1 The Galagines of South Africa

I. Introduction

II. Distribution

III. Description

IV. Habitat

V. Population Densities

VI. Activity Patterns

VII. Sleeping and Nests

VIII. Locomotion

IX. Feeding

X. Group Structure

XI. Home Range

XII. Birth Periodicity

XIII. Mother-Infant Relationship and Development

XIV. Relationships with Other Species

XV. Discussion


2 The Aye-Aye

I. Systematics and Description

II. Description—Variability

III. Anatomy

IV. Ecoethology

V. Rhythm of Activity

VI. The Nest

VII. Diet

VIII. Reproduction

IX. Communication

X. Geographic Distribution, Habitat, Protection

XI. Conclusion


3 Conservation of the Brazilian Lion Tamarins (Leontopithecus rosalia)

I. Introduction

II. Taxonomy, Distribution, and Ecology

III. Past Conservation Measures on Behalf of Leontopithecus

IV. Conservation Measures on Behalf of Leontopithecus since the 1972 Washington Conference

V. Recommendations for the Future


4 Rediscovery and Conservation of the Peruvian Yellow-Tailed Woolly Monkey (Lagothrix flavicauda)

I. Introduction

II. Description

III. History

IV. The Rediscovery of Lagothrix flavicauda

V. Habitat and Range of Lagothrix flavicauda

VI. Status of Lagothrix flavicauda

VII. Conservation and Recommendations for the Future

VIII. Plans for a Lagothrix flavicauda Breeding Colony


5 Primate Conservation in Brazilian Amazonia

I. Introduction

II. Defining Amazonia

III. Habitat Types in Amazonia

IV. Threats to the Survival of Primates in Brazilian Amazonia

V. The Primates of Brazilian Amazonia

VI. The Future of Primate Conservation in Brazilian Amazonia


6 The Red Ouakari in a Seminatural Environment: Potentials for Propagation and Study

I. Introduction

II. The Status of the Red Ouakari

III. History of the Monkey Jungle Group

IV. Description of the Monkey Jungle "Rainforest"

V. Ecological Utilization of the Environment

VI. Specific Characteristics of the Red Ouakari

VII. Reproductive Patterns

VIII. Some Aspects of Social Behavior in Cacajao c. rubicundus

IX. Suggestions for a Captive Propagation Effort

X. Comparative Perspectives


7 The Socioecological Basis for the Conservation of the Toque Monkey (Macaca sinica) of Sri Lanka (Ceylon)

I. Introduction

II. General Information

III. The Ecology and Behavior of Macaca sinica at Polonnaruwa

IV. The Ecology of the Subspecies of Macaco sinica

V. Estimation of Available Habitat and Population Size per Subspecies

VI. Conservation Prospects and Suggestions


The Status of the Barbary Macaque Macaca sylvanus in Captivity and Factors Influencing Its Distribution in the Wild

I. Introduction

II. Distribution and Habitat

III. Factors Influencing Distribution

IV. Hunting, Trapping, Internal Use, and Export of Monkeys

V. Monkeys and the Regeneration of the Moroccan Cedar Forests

VI. Barbary Macaques in Captivity

VII. Conclusions and Recommendations

VIII. Appendix 1. Zoos and Wildlife Parks that Replied to the Questionnaire on Barbary Macaques in Their Collection 1964-1974

IX. Appendix 2. Other Zoos Known (or Reputed) to Keep Barbary Macaques, 1964-1974


9. The Lion-Tailed Monkey and Its South Indian Rain Forest Habitat

I. Introduction

II. Habitat

III. Status of Macaca silenus Population and Its Habitat

IV. The Ashambu Hills

V. Proposals for Preserving Macaca silenus

VI. Summary

VII. Appendix 1: Preserving India's Sholas

VIII. Appendix 2: Cardamon Cultivation in Sholas


10 Population Dynamics of Rhesus Monkeys in Northern India

I. Introduction

II. Study Area

III. Methods

IV. Results and Discussion

V. Comments on Conservation

VI. Summary


11 The Gelada Baboon: Status and Conservation

I. Introduction

II. Distribution and Natural History

III. Status

IV. Conservation

V. Conclusions


12 The Baboon

I. Introduction

II. General Considerations

III. Problems

IV. Uses

V. Conclusion


13 The Guereza and Man: How Man Has Affected the Distribution and Abundance of Colobus guereza and Other Black Colobus Monkeys

I. Introduction

II. Where the Guereza Lives

III. How the Guereza Lives

IV. Human Interference with Guereza Habitats in East Africa

V. Hunting and Trapping of Guerezas in East Africa and Ethiopia

VI. Legal Protection of Guerezas in East Africa and Ethiopia

VII. Guereza Status in West and Central Africa and the Sudan

VIII. Other Black Colobus

IX. Conclusions

X. Appendix: Vegetation Types


14 Presbytis entellus, The Hanuman Langur

I. Taxonomy and Distribution

II. Activity, Habitat, and Diet

III. Population Density, Structure, and Dynamics

IV. Relationship with Other Animals

V. Summary


15 The Douc Langur: A Time for Conservation

I. Introduction

II. Distribution and Status

III. Physical Description

IV. Description of Study Area

V. Mammals

VI. Materials and Methods

VII. Comparative Data

VIII. Reaction to Observer

IX. Population Dynamics

X. Birth Peaks

XI. Interspecific Competition

XII. Feeding Behavior

XIII. Locomotor Behavior

XIV. Social Behavior

XV. Dominance Behavior

XVI. Sexual Behavior

XVII. Consort Behavior

XVIII. Play Behavior

XIX. Conservation Measures

XX. Summary


16 The Lesser Apes

I. Introduction

II. Classification

III. Evolution

IV. Socioecology

V. Population Sizes

VI. Discussion

VII. Summary

VIII. Appendix: A Day in the Life of the Malayan Siamang and Lar Gibbon


17 The Conservation of Eastern Gorillas

I. Distribution and Taxonomy

II. Ecology

III. Conservation

IV. Summary


Subject Index

Taxonomic Index


No. of pages:
© Academic Press 1977
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:

About the Editor

Prince Rainer III