Primate Conservation

Primate Conservation

1st Edition - January 1, 1977

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  • Editor: Prince Rainer III
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323143608

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Primate Conservation provides a comprehensive discussion of the conservation of many species of nonhuman primates. The problems of conservation are discussed by distinguished scientists who are experts in their knowledge of the animals they write about and who have firsthand knowledge of the problems of conserving them. Animals ranging from Galago to the Gorilla have been selected to serve as examples of the types of problems that conservationists face. The book begins by discussing the ecology of two species of galagine in South Africa. It covers factors such as their distribution, habitat, population densities, activity patterns, feeding, group structure, and reproduction. This is followed by separate chapters on the conservation of the following: aye-aye; the lion tamarins of Brazil; the Peruvian yellow-tailed woolly monkey; the toque macaque of Sri Lanka; rare lion-tailed monkey of South India; rhesus monkeys in Northern India; the gelada baboons; the hanuman langur and douc langur; red ouakaris; black colobus monkeys; lesser apes; and eastern gorillas.

Table of Contents

  • List of Contributors


    1 The Galagines of South Africa

    I. Introduction

    II. Distribution

    III. Description

    IV. Habitat

    V. Population Densities

    VI. Activity Patterns

    VII. Sleeping and Nests

    VIII. Locomotion

    IX. Feeding

    X. Group Structure

    XI. Home Range

    XII. Birth Periodicity

    XIII. Mother-Infant Relationship and Development

    XIV. Relationships with Other Species

    XV. Discussion


    2 The Aye-Aye

    I. Systematics and Description

    II. Description—Variability

    III. Anatomy

    IV. Ecoethology

    V. Rhythm of Activity

    VI. The Nest

    VII. Diet

    VIII. Reproduction

    IX. Communication

    X. Geographic Distribution, Habitat, Protection

    XI. Conclusion


    3 Conservation of the Brazilian Lion Tamarins (Leontopithecus rosalia)

    I. Introduction

    II. Taxonomy, Distribution, and Ecology

    III. Past Conservation Measures on Behalf of Leontopithecus

    IV. Conservation Measures on Behalf of Leontopithecus since the 1972 Washington Conference

    V. Recommendations for the Future


    4 Rediscovery and Conservation of the Peruvian Yellow-Tailed Woolly Monkey (Lagothrix flavicauda)

    I. Introduction

    II. Description

    III. History

    IV. The Rediscovery of Lagothrix flavicauda

    V. Habitat and Range of Lagothrix flavicauda

    VI. Status of Lagothrix flavicauda

    VII. Conservation and Recommendations for the Future

    VIII. Plans for a Lagothrix flavicauda Breeding Colony


    5 Primate Conservation in Brazilian Amazonia

    I. Introduction

    II. Defining Amazonia

    III. Habitat Types in Amazonia

    IV. Threats to the Survival of Primates in Brazilian Amazonia

    V. The Primates of Brazilian Amazonia

    VI. The Future of Primate Conservation in Brazilian Amazonia


    6 The Red Ouakari in a Seminatural Environment: Potentials for Propagation and Study

    I. Introduction

    II. The Status of the Red Ouakari

    III. History of the Monkey Jungle Group

    IV. Description of the Monkey Jungle "Rainforest"

    V. Ecological Utilization of the Environment

    VI. Specific Characteristics of the Red Ouakari

    VII. Reproductive Patterns

    VIII. Some Aspects of Social Behavior in Cacajao c. rubicundus

    IX. Suggestions for a Captive Propagation Effort

    X. Comparative Perspectives


    7 The Socioecological Basis for the Conservation of the Toque Monkey (Macaca sinica) of Sri Lanka (Ceylon)

    I. Introduction

    II. General Information

    III. The Ecology and Behavior of Macaca sinica at Polonnaruwa

    IV. The Ecology of the Subspecies of Macaco sinica

    V. Estimation of Available Habitat and Population Size per Subspecies

    VI. Conservation Prospects and Suggestions


    The Status of the Barbary Macaque Macaca sylvanus in Captivity and Factors Influencing Its Distribution in the Wild

    I. Introduction

    II. Distribution and Habitat

    III. Factors Influencing Distribution

    IV. Hunting, Trapping, Internal Use, and Export of Monkeys

    V. Monkeys and the Regeneration of the Moroccan Cedar Forests

    VI. Barbary Macaques in Captivity

    VII. Conclusions and Recommendations

    VIII. Appendix 1. Zoos and Wildlife Parks that Replied to the Questionnaire on Barbary Macaques in Their Collection 1964-1974

    IX. Appendix 2. Other Zoos Known (or Reputed) to Keep Barbary Macaques, 1964-1974


    9. The Lion-Tailed Monkey and Its South Indian Rain Forest Habitat

    I. Introduction

    II. Habitat

    III. Status of Macaca silenus Population and Its Habitat

    IV. The Ashambu Hills

    V. Proposals for Preserving Macaca silenus

    VI. Summary

    VII. Appendix 1: Preserving India's Sholas

    VIII. Appendix 2: Cardamon Cultivation in Sholas


    10 Population Dynamics of Rhesus Monkeys in Northern India

    I. Introduction

    II. Study Area

    III. Methods

    IV. Results and Discussion

    V. Comments on Conservation

    VI. Summary


    11 The Gelada Baboon: Status and Conservation

    I. Introduction

    II. Distribution and Natural History

    III. Status

    IV. Conservation

    V. Conclusions


    12 The Baboon

    I. Introduction

    II. General Considerations

    III. Problems

    IV. Uses

    V. Conclusion


    13 The Guereza and Man: How Man Has Affected the Distribution and Abundance of Colobus guereza and Other Black Colobus Monkeys

    I. Introduction

    II. Where the Guereza Lives

    III. How the Guereza Lives

    IV. Human Interference with Guereza Habitats in East Africa

    V. Hunting and Trapping of Guerezas in East Africa and Ethiopia

    VI. Legal Protection of Guerezas in East Africa and Ethiopia

    VII. Guereza Status in West and Central Africa and the Sudan

    VIII. Other Black Colobus

    IX. Conclusions

    X. Appendix: Vegetation Types


    14 Presbytis entellus, The Hanuman Langur

    I. Taxonomy and Distribution

    II. Activity, Habitat, and Diet

    III. Population Density, Structure, and Dynamics

    IV. Relationship with Other Animals

    V. Summary


    15 The Douc Langur: A Time for Conservation

    I. Introduction

    II. Distribution and Status

    III. Physical Description

    IV. Description of Study Area

    V. Mammals

    VI. Materials and Methods

    VII. Comparative Data

    VIII. Reaction to Observer

    IX. Population Dynamics

    X. Birth Peaks

    XI. Interspecific Competition

    XII. Feeding Behavior

    XIII. Locomotor Behavior

    XIV. Social Behavior

    XV. Dominance Behavior

    XVI. Sexual Behavior

    XVII. Consort Behavior

    XVIII. Play Behavior

    XIX. Conservation Measures

    XX. Summary


    16 The Lesser Apes

    I. Introduction

    II. Classification

    III. Evolution

    IV. Socioecology

    V. Population Sizes

    VI. Discussion

    VII. Summary

    VIII. Appendix: A Day in the Life of the Malayan Siamang and Lar Gibbon


    17 The Conservation of Eastern Gorillas

    I. Distribution and Taxonomy

    II. Ecology

    III. Conservation

    IV. Summary


    Subject Index

    Taxonomic Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 676
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1977
  • Published: January 1, 1977
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323143608

About the Editor

Prince Rainer III

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