Practical Chemical Thermodynamics for Geoscientists

Practical Chemical Thermodynamics for Geoscientists

1st Edition - July 11, 2012
  • Author: Bruce Fegley, Jr.
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128102701
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080918143

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Description

Practical Chemical Thermodynamics for Geoscientists covers classical chemical thermodynamics and focuses on applications to practical problems in the geosciences, environmental sciences, and planetary sciences. This book will provide a strong theoretical foundation for students, while also proving beneficial for earth and planetary scientists seeking a review of thermodynamic principles and their application to a specific problem.

Key Features

  • Strong theoretical foundation and emphasis on applications
  • Numerous worked examples in each chapter
  • Brief historical summaries and biographies of key thermodynamicists—including their fundamental research and discoveries
  • Extensive references to relevant literature

Readership

Students and researchers in earth sciences and related fields, including astronomy and physics

Table of Contents

  • Dedication

    Preface

    Chapter 1. Definition, Development, and Applications of Thermodynamics

    I Historical Development of Chemical Thermodynamics

    II Pioneering Applications in the Geosciences

    III Thermodynamics versus Kinetics

    Chapter 2. Important Concepts and Mathematical Methods

    I Definitions

    II Pressure and Temperature

    III Boyle’s Law

    IV Charles’s or Gay-Lussac’s Law

    V Dalton’s Law

    VI An Ideal Gas Thermometer

    VII Ideal Gas Equation of State (the Ideal Gas Law)

    VIII The PVT Surface for an Ideal Gas

    IX Complete Differentials and the PVT Surface of an Ideal Gas

    X Thermal Expansion Coefficient

    XI Compressibility Coefficient

    XII Some Further Notes about Differentials

    Problems

    Chapter 3. The First Law of Thermodynamics

    I Historical Overview of Ideas about Heat and Work

    II The First Law of Thermodynamics

    III Some Applications of the First Law to Ideal Gases

    IV Adiabatic Processes and the Thermal Structure of Planetary Atmospheres

    V Other Types of Work

    Problems

    Chapter 4. Thermal Properties of Pure Substances and Some Applications

    I Some Basic Concepts about Heat Capacity and Enthalpy

    II An Overview of Calorimetry

    III Thermal Properties of Solids

    Problems

    Chapter 5. Thermochemistry

    I Some Basic Concepts

    II Calorimetric Measurement of Reaction Enthalpies

    III Some Applications of Thermochemistry

    Problems

    Chapter 6. The Second Law of Thermodynamics and Entropy

    I A Review of Some Important Definitions

    II Historical Development of the Second Law

    III The Second Law OF THERMODYNAMICS

    IV Carnot Cycle

    V Thermodynamic Temperature Scale

    VI Entropy

    VII Some Applications of the Second Law

    VIII Gibbs and Helmholtz Free Energy

    IX Entropy and Probability

    Problems

    Chapter 7. Phase Equilibria of Pure Materials

    I Basic Concepts and Definitions

    II Phase Equilibria, the Clapeyron Equation, and the Clausius-Clapeyron Equation

    III Effect of Total Pressure on Vapor Pressure

    IV Types of Phase Transitions

    V Melting Curves and Polymorphic Phase Transitions at High Pressures

    Problems

    Chapter 8. Equations of State

    I The Maxwell Relations and Thermodynamic Formulas

    II Real Gas Equations of State and Thermodynamics

    III Thermodynamic Properties of Real Gases

    IV Thermodynamic Properties of Gas Mixtures

    V Critical Phenomena of Real Gases

    VI Equations of State for Solids and Liquids

    Problems

    Chapter 9. The Third Law of Thermodynamics

    I Historical Development of the Nernst Heat Theorem

    II The Third Law and Its Consequences

    III The Third Law and Entropy

    IV Absolute Entropy Values and the Third Law

    Problems

    Chapter 10. Chemical Equilibria

    I Chemical Equilibria of Gases

    II Gas-Condensed Phase Equilibria

    III Gibbs Free Energy and Electrochemistry

    Problems

    Chapter 11. Solutions

    I Basic Concepts

    II Partial Molal Properties

    III Thermodynamic Properties of Ideal and Dilute Solutions

    IV Thermodynamic Properties of Nonideal (Real) Solutions

    V Aqueous Solutions

    VI Activity Coefficients of Aqueous Electrolytes

    Problems∗

    Chapter 12. Phase Equilibria of Binary Systems

    I Binary Phase Diagrams

    Problems

    Chapter 2. Problem Solutions

    Chapter 3. Problem Solutions

    Chapter 4. Problem Solutions

    Chapter 5. Solutions

    Chapter 6. Solutions

    Chapter 7. Problem Solutions

    REFERENCES

    Chapter 8. Problem Solutions

    Chapter 9. Problem Solutions

    REFERENCES

    Chapter 10. Problem Solution

    REFERENCES

    Chapter 11. Solutions

    Chapter 12. Problem Solutions

    REFERENCES

    Appendix 1

    Appendix 2

    References

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 732
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2012
  • Published: July 11, 2012
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128102701
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080918143

About the Author

Bruce Fegley, Jr.

Affiliations and Expertise

Washington University, Planetary Chemistry Laboratory, St. Louis, MO, USA