Practical Biology

Practical Biology

For Advanced Level, Medical and Intermediate Students

5th Edition - January 1, 1966

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  • Author: C. J. Wallis
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483222356

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Description

Practical Biology for Advanced Level and Intermediate Students, Fifth Edition is an eight-part laboratory manual covering the syllabuses in biology of the advanced level students and other examinations of similar standard. The Introduction presents general instructions for practical work and for the keeping of practical notebooks and a list of apparatus and instruments required, as well as a summary of the characteristics of living organisms, the differences between plants and animals and the principles of plant classification. Part I describes first the features and uses of a microscope, followed by a presentation of guidelines for the preparation of microscopical slides. Parts II to IV are devoted to the evaluation of the form, structure, the microscopical structure of tissues and organs, and the very important aspect of their mode of functioning. Parts V to VIII explore the biochemical, embryological, and genetic aspects of life. These parts also consider other forms and modes of life, including insectivorous plants, fungi, bacteria, saprophytism, symbiosis, commensalism, and parasitism. This book is directed toward advanced and intermediate level botany teachers and students.

Table of Contents


  • Foreword to the Fifth Edition

    Preface

    Introduction

    General Directions for Practical Work

    Sharpening of Scalpels

    General Directions for the keeping of Practical Notebooks

    Instruments and Apparatus required—Characteristics of Living Organisms

    Differences between Plants and Animals

    Taxonomy

    Part I Microscopical Technique

    The Microscope

    Magnification Measurement

    Use and Care

    Preparation of Slides

    Section Cutting

    Killing, Fixing and Hardening

    Staining

    Dehydration

    Clearing

    Mounting

    Ringing

    Smears

    Irrigation

    Methods for Permanent Mounts

    Part II The Variety Of Organisms Morphology And Anatomy

    Introductory Notes

    Dissection Technique

    Non-Cellular Organisms

    Amoeba

    Paramoecium

    Vorticella

    Pleurococcus

    Chlamydomonas

    Chlorella

    Diatoms

    Euglena

    Simple Multicellular Organisms

    Carchesium

    Pandorina

    Volvox

    Spirogyra

    Fucus

    Hydra

    Obelia

    Planaria

    Further Multicellular Plants

    Pellia

    Funaria

    Dryopteris

    Lycopodium

    Selaginella

    The Flowering Plant

    Pinus

    The Angiosperm

    Further Multi-Cellular Animals

    Nereis

    Earthworm

    Starfish

    Crayfish

    Daphnia

    Centipede

    Cockroach

    Insect Life-Histories

    Snail

    Freshwater Mussel

    Dogfish

    Bony Fish

    Frog

    Lizard

    Snake

    Pigeon

    Rabbit

    Rat

    Part III Cytology and Histology

    Mitosis

    Plant Tissues

    Introductory Notes

    Kinds of Plant Tissues

    Root

    Stem

    Leaf

    Animal Tissues

    Introductory Notes

    Epithelium

    Connective Tissues

    Blood

    Muscle

    Nervous Tissue

    Skin

    Tooth

    Tongue

    Salivary Glands

    Oesophagus

    Stomach

    Duodenum

    Ileum

    Large Intestine

    Liver

    Pancreas

    Thyroid Gland

    Kidney

    Testis

    Ovary

    Mammary Gland

    Muscle

    Nerve

    Spinal Cord

    Part IV Elementary Biochemistry

    Introductory Notes

    Physical Properties of Organic Compounds

    Crystalloids and Colloids

    Brownian Movement

    Coagulation

    Osmosis

    Dialysis

    Chemical Properties of Organic Compounds

    Proteins

    Carbohydrates

    Lipides

    Analytical Table to Indentify Biochemical Compounds

    Vitamins

    Part V Physiology

    Introductory Notes

    Nutrition

    In Plants

    In Animals

    Respiration

    In Plants

    In Animals

    Translocation

    Passage of Water through the Plant

    Absorption

    Transpiration

    Turgidity and Plasmolysis

    Osmotic Pressure

    Circulation and Properties of Blood

    Excretion

    In Plants

    In Animals

    Growth

    Conditions for Germination

    Root and Shoot

    Water Culture Experiments

    Growth in Animals

    Movement and Irritability

    Cyclosis

    Tropisms

    Taxis

    Nastic Movement

    Reflex Action

    Hormones

    Auxins

    Animal Hormones

    Part VI Embryology

    Germination of Pollen

    Development of Plant Embryo

    Germination of Seeds

    Vertebrate Embryology

    Introductory Notes

    Frog

    Chick

    Mammalian Fetus

    Part VII Other Forms and Modes of Life

    Introductory Notes

    Insectivorous Plants

    Fungi

    Bacteria

    Saprophytism

    Bacteria

    Mucor

    Penicillium

    Yeast

    Mushroom

    Symbiosis

    Commensalism

    Parasitism

    Dodder

    Viruses

    Pathogenic Bacteria

    Potato Blight

    Pythium

    Peronospora

    Albugo

    Erysiphe

    Puccinia

    Entamoeba

    Monocystis

    Malarial Parasite

    Trypanosoma

    Ascaris

    Heterodera

    Flukes

    Tapeworm

    Life-histories of Parasitic Insects and Vectors

    Part VIII Genetics

    Introductory Notes

    Terms used—Mendel's Laws

    Inheritance in Maize and Pea

    Inheritance in Drosophilia

    Life

    History

    Technique

    Apparatus and Materials

    Keeping Cultures

    Mating

    Monohybrid Inheritance

    Dihybrid Inheritance

    LinkageSex

    Linkage

    Appendices

    Appendix I. The Preparation of Reagents

    Microscopical Reagents

    Biochemical and General Reagents

    Appendix II. Biological Methods

    Aquaria

    Blood, to prevent Clotting

    Cleaning of Glass Apparatus

    Culture Methods

    Formaldehyde, to Keep

    Frog Plate

    Graphic Records, to Preserve

    Hormone Experiments

    Injection of Blood Vessels

    Joints, to make Airtight

    Killing of Animals

    Labels

    Maceration

    Micro-Aquaria

    Microscopical Slide Labels

    Microscopical Slides, to Clean

    Museum Specimens—Nerves, to Show Up during Dissection

    Pithing a Frog

    Preservation and Storage of Material

    Skeletons, to Prepare

    Sterilization

    Thermostat

    Thermo-regulator

    Transparencies

    Appendix III. Equivalents, Conversion Table

    Appendix IV. Treatment of Accidents in the Laboratory

    Appendix V. Firms Supplying Biological Apparatus and Material

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 510
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Butterworth-Heinemann 1966
  • Published: January 1, 1966
  • Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483222356

About the Author

C. J. Wallis

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  • Cleeve Sat Sep 07 2019

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    So awsome