Power Systems for Space Flight

Power Systems for Space Flight

1st Edition - January 1, 1963

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  • Editor: Morris Zipkin
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323141925

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Description

Progress in Astronautics and Aeronautics, Volume 11: Power Systems for Space Flight covers certain major technical areas of space electric power. This book is organized into four parts encompassing 43 chapters that specifically tackle the selection of power systems; chemical power systems; solar power systems; heat transfer, storage, and rejection. The opening part examines the basic criteria governing the selection of space power systems for specific applications. These systems range from the very limited power requirements of a ballistic space test through the potential goals of life support in lunar exploration to the long-rage goal of electric power systems for vehicle propulsion. The second part presents the dynamics of chemical power systems, in which in which a high-temperature working fluid is employed, and static systems, such as the battery and fuel cell, in which reversible electrochemical processes are involved. The third part discusses the operative systems using photovoltaic cells and explores technological developments leading to advanced thermoelectric and thermionic static conversion systems and the larger conversion systems employing rotating machinery. This part also provides a series of papers on solar concentrators, requisite for obtaining the required high temperatures, as well as thermionic and dynamic solar power systems. The final part on heat transfer, storage, and rejection covers the space power system from energy source to waste-heat rejecting radiators. Several papers in this part describe the characteristics of alkali metal heat transfer and radiator surface conditioning. Finally, a series of papers on meteoroid penetration leads to discussions of specific radiator designs.

Table of Contents


  • Power Systems Committee

    Preface

    Acknowledgments

    A. Selection of Power Systems

    Survey of Space Power Requirements—1962 to 1976

    The NASA Nuclear Electric Power Program

    Powerplant Consideration for an Arc-Jet Space Propulsion System

    Fuel Cell, Solar Cell, and Chemical Dynamic Power Systems Comparison

    Power Supplies for Mobile Lunar Vehicles

    B. Chemical Power Systems

    Dynamic

    High Performance, Short Time Duration, MHD Generator System

    Piston Engine Development Demonstrates Advantages for Space Power Applications

    Hydrogen-Oxygen Fuel Cell System for Space Vehicles

    Development of Catalytic Hydrogen-Oxygen Reaction Chambers for Space Power Systems

    Static

    Sealed Nickel-Cadmium, Silver-Cadmium, and Silver-Zinc Batteries

    Hermetically Sealed Nickel-Cadmium Batteries for the Orbiting Astronomical Observatory Satellite

    Use of a Sealed Silver Cadmium Battery on Explorer XII

    The Battery for the International Ionosphere Satellite Ariel I

    Electrically Regenerative Hydrogen-Oxygen Fuel Cell

    Factors Involved in the Use of a High-Temperature Fuel Cell as a Space Power Source

    Capability of the Cadmium-Silver Oxide System

    C. Solar Power Systems

    Solar Cells

    Telstar Satellite Power System

    Development of a Concentrating Photovoltaic Power Generator

    Thin Film CdS Front Wall Solar Cells

    A Modular Solar Thermoelectric Power Supply System

    Flat Plate Solar Thermoelectric Generator System Concept

    D. Heat Transfer, Storage, and Rejection

    Heat Transfer Parameters

    Alkali Metal Two-Phase Heat Transfer for Space Power: Present Status

    Emittance of Materials Suitable for Use as Spacecraft Radiator Coatings

    Spectral and Directional Thermal Radiation Characteristics of Surfaces for Heat Rejection by Radiation

    Energy Storage Systems

    Lithium Hydride Storage Unit Development for the Sunflower System

    Energy Storage in Superconducting Magnetic Coils

    Radiator Design Parameters

    Analysis of a Megawatt Level Direct Condenser-Radiator

    Spur High-Temperature Space Radiator

    Thermionic Radiator System

    Meteoroid Protection for Space Radiators

    Preliminary Results on Effects of Hypervelocity Impact on Space Radiator Tubes

    Materials Problems Associated with the Design of Radiators for Space Powerplants

    E. High-Temperature Power Systems

    Solar Concentrators

    Status of Solar Energy Collector Technology

    Calibration of Solar Concentrator for Power System Research

    Inflatable Foam-Rigidized Approach to Solar Concentrators

    Materials and Construction Techniques for Space Solar Reflectors

    Solar Thermionic

    Cesium Thermionic Converters and Generators for Solar Space Power Systems

    Performance Test of a Cubical Cavity Solar Thermionic Generator

    Thermionic Cavity Generator Development

    Performance of Cesium Thermionic Diodes Operated in Series-Parallel Circuits

    Solar Dynamic

    Sunflower Thermodynamic Power System Development Status

    Space Demonstration of a Rankine Cycle Space Power System

    15-kw Advanced Solar Turbo-Electric Concept

    Electrostatic Power Generators for Space

    Contributors to Volume 11


Product details

  • No. of pages: 960
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1963
  • Published: January 1, 1963
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323141925

About the Editor

Morris Zipkin

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