Power Generation Technologies - 2nd Edition - ISBN: 9780080983301, 9780080983363

Power Generation Technologies

2nd Edition

Authors: Paul Breeze
eBook ISBN: 9780080983363
Paperback ISBN: 9780080983301
Imprint: Newnes
Published Date: 17th June 2014
Page Count: 408
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Description

The new edition of Power Generation Technologies is a concise and readable guide that provides an introduction to the full spectrum of currently available power generation options, from traditional fossil fuels and the better established alternatives such as wind and solar power, to emerging renewables such as biomass and geothermal energy. Technology solutions such as combined heat and power and distributed generation are also explored. However, this book is more than just an account of the technologies – for each method the author explores the economic and environmental costs and risk factors. Each technology is covered using the same basic criteria so that comparisons between technologies can be made more easily. Those involved in planning and delivering energy – including engineers, managers and policy makers – will find in this book a guide through the minefield of maintaining a reliable power supply, meeting targets on greenhouse gas emissions, and addressing economic and social objectives.

Key Features

  • Provides a unique comparison of a wide range of power generation technologies from oil, coal, nuclear and natural gas, to geothermal, wind, solar, and bioenergy
  • Hundreds of diagrams demystify how each technology functions in practice
  • Evaluates the economic and environmental viability of each power generation system covered
  • New chapters covering fast-advancing renewable and alternative power sources such as municipal waste and concentrating solar plants
  • Fresh focus the evolution of traditional technologies such as natural gas and "clean coal"
  • Expanded coverage of distributed power generation and CHP (combined heat and power) technologies

Readership

Power generation planners, as well as Students and lecturers of Electrical Engineering in the UK. Students and lecturers of Energy and Environmental courses in the US

Table of Contents

  • Chapter 1: An Introduction to Electricity Generation
    • Abstract
    • History of electricity generation
    • Evolution of electricity-generating technologies
    • Evolution of electricity networks
    • Renewable energy and distributed generation
    • A brief political diversion
    • Size of the industry
  • Chapter 2: Electricity Generation and the Environment
    • Abstract
    • Evolution of environmental awareness
    • Environmental effects of power generation
    • Carbon cycle and atmospheric warming
    • Controlling carbon dioxide
    • Hydrogen economy
    • Economics of electricity production
    • Externalities
    • Life-cycle assessment
    • The bottom line
  • Chapter 3: Coal-fired Power Plants
    • Abstract
    • Types of coal
    • Coal reserves
    • Coal cleaning and processing
    • Traditional coal-fired power generation technology
    • Boiler technology
    • Steam turbine design
    • Generators
    • Fluidized bed combustion
    • Integrated gasification combined cycle
    • Emission control for coal-fired power plants
    • Coal treatment
    • Low nitrogen oxide combustion strategies
    • Sulfur dioxide removal
    • Nitrogen oxide capture
    • Combined sulfur and nitrogen oxide removal
    • Particulate (dust) removal
    • Mercury removal
    • Carbon dioxide removal
    • Carbon dioxide sequestration
    • Cost of coal-fired power generation
  • Chapter 4: Natural Gas–fired Gas Turbines and Combined Cycle Power Plants
    • Abstract
    • Natural gas
    • Growth of gas turbine technology
    • Gas turbine principle
    • Modern gas turbine design for power generation
    • Gas turbine development
    • Advanced gas turbine cycles
    • Combined cycle power plants
    • Micro-turbines
    • Emission control for gas turbine power plants
    • Cost of gas turbine–based power generation
  • Chapter 5: Piston Engine–Based Power Plants
    • Abstract
    • Internal combustion engines
    • Spark-ignition engines
    • Diesel engines (compression engines)
    • Dual-fuel engines
    • Stirling engines
    • Cogeneration
    • Combined cycle
    • Emission control
    • Cost of reciprocating engine-based power generation
  • Chapter 6: Combined Heat and Power
    • Abstract
    • Historical background for combined heat and power usage
    • Combined heat and power principles and applications
    • CHP technology
    • Piston engines
    • Steam turbines
    • Gas turbines
    • Micro-turbines
    • Fuel cells
    • Nuclear power
    • Cost of CHP
  • Chapter 7: Fuel Cells
    • Abstract
    • History of fuel cells
    • Fuel cell principle
    • Catalysts
    • Hydrocarbon gas reformation
    • Fuel cell efficiency
    • Fuel cell types
    • Fuel cell costs
  • Chapter 8: Hydropower
    • Abstract
    • Hydropower resource
    • Hydropower sites
    • Categories of hydropower plant
    • Large hydropower plants: dams and barrages
    • Dam types
    • Hydropower turbines
    • Generators
    • Small hydropower
    • Environmental considerations
    • Environmental assessment
    • Hydropower and intermittent renewable generation
    • Cost of electricity generation from hydropower plants
  • Chapter 9: Tidal Barrage Power Plants
    • Abstract
    • Tidal resource
    • Operating tidal barrage power plants
    • Tidal power plant design
    • Two-basin projects
    • Bunded reservoir
    • Tidal barrage construction techniques
    • Turbines
    • Turbine speed regulation
    • Sluices and shiplocks
    • Environmental considerations
    • Cost of electricity generation from tidal barrage power plants
  • Chapter 10: Power System Energy Storage Technologies
    • Abstract
    • Types of energy storage
    • Pumped storage hydropower
    • Compressed-air energy storage
    • Large-scale batteries
    • Superconducting magnetic energy storage
    • Flywheels
    • Capacitors
    • Hydrogen energy storage
  • Chapter 11: Wind Power
    • Abstract
    • Wind resources
    • Wind turbine technology
    • Wind turbine anatomy
    • Offshore wind turbine technology
    • Wind farms
    • Environmental effects of wind power
    • Wind intermittency and grid issues
    • Wind capacity limits
    • Repowering
    • Cost of wind power
  • Chapter 12: Geothermal Power
    • Abstract
    • Geothermal resource
    • Geothermal fields
    • Brine-methane reservoirs
    • Hot dry rock
    • Exploiting the magma
    • Location of geothermal resources
    • Size of the resource
    • Geothermal energy conversion technologies
    • Direct steam power plants
    • Flash steam plants
    • Binary cycle power plants
    • Geothermal power and district heating
    • Finding and exploiting geothermal sources
    • Cost of geothermal power
  • Chapter 13: Solar Power
    • Abstract
    • Solar energy resource
    • Solar sites and land resources
    • Solar power generation technologies
    • Solar thermal power generation
    • Photovoltaic devices
    • Cost of solar power
  • Chapter 14: Marine Power Generation Technologies
    • Abstract
    • Marine energy resource
    • Ocean thermal energy conversion
    • Wave power
    • Marine current energy
    • Salinity gradient power generation
    • Cost of marine power generation
  • Chapter 15: Biomass-based Power Generation
    • Abstract
    • Types of biomass
    • Biomass wastes
    • Fuelwood
    • Energy crops
    • Biomass trade
    • Biomass energy conversion technology
    • Direct firing
    • co-firing
    • Biomass gasification
    • Fuel handling
    • Biomass digesters
    • Liquid fuels
    • Cost of biomass power generation
  • Chapter 16: Power from Waste
    • Abstract
    • Landfill waste disposal
    • Sources of waste
    • Waste composition
    • Waste collection and recycling
    • Waste power generation technologies
    • Traditional waste incineration plants
    • Gasification and pyrolysis
    • Refuse-derived fuel
    • Environmental issues
    • Waste plant emissions
    • Cost of energy from waste plants
  • Chapter 17: Nuclear Power
    • Abstract
    • Global nuclear capacity
    • Fundamentals of nuclear power
    • Nuclear fission reactor designs
    • Nuclear fusion
    • Environmental question
    • Cost of nuclear power
  • Index

Details

No. of pages:
408
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Newnes 2014
Published:
Imprint:
Newnes
eBook ISBN:
9780080983363
Paperback ISBN:
9780080983301

About the Author

Paul Breeze

Paul Breeze is a journalist and freelance Science and Technology writer and consultant in the UK who has specialized in power generation technology for the past 30 years. In addition to writing Power Generation Technologies, Second Edition, he has contributed to journals and newspapers such as The Financial Times and The Economist and has written a range of technical management reports covering all aspects of power generation, transmission, and distribution.

Affiliations and Expertise

Freelance Science and Technology Writer/Consultant, UK

Reviews

"The author does an excellent job of explaning how the different technologies work, including an objective view of their pros and cons.

Provides an excellent description of the major power generation technologies used in the world today...it provides the reader with a solid, basic understanding of how these technologies work and where they are headed. I recommend this well-organized book to anyone wishing to quickly gain a broad understanding of the many power plant technologies of the 21st century." --Chuck Kutscher, National Renewable Energy Laboratory

"This book on power generation technologies provides a concise and quick read describing a full range of various power generation technologies available today...

The author provides good technical descriptions of the fundamental operating principles of each power generation technique, variants of the basic technique, such as how various types of fuel cells operate, their efficiency, comparison to competing technologies, environmental and cost considerations...

Anyone involved in planning and delivering energy, or those interested in energy technologies, will find this book very useful for quickly gaining a basic knowledge about energy-producing technologies and learning about the key cost figures, associated risks, and advantages and limitations of each technology." --IEEE Electrical Insulation Magazine, August 2006