Positive Social Behavior and Morality - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780126631029, 9781483257778

Positive Social Behavior and Morality

1st Edition

Socialization and Development

Authors: Ervin Staub
eBook ISBN: 9781483257778
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th March 1979
Page Count: 340
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Description

Positive Social Behavior and Morality: Socialization and Development, Volume 2 tackles the social aspects of the development or non-development of positive social behavior.
The book examines how peer influence, a child's varied experiences, and other forms of socialization can instigate the development of positive social or prosocial behavior. Topics on the nature of positive social behavior; theoretical approaches to children's development; role of peers in the development of the affectional system; and how the nature of the child's environment can influence the development of prosocial behavior are discussed extensively. Psychologists, sociologists, researchers, and students in the field of sociology and psychology will find this book insightful.

Table of Contents


Contents

Preface

Acknowledgments

Contents of Volume 1

Chapter 1 Positive Social Behavior, Morality, and Development

The Nature of Positive Social Behavior

The Origins of Positive Social Behavior

Determinants versus Development

The Determinants of Positive Behavior: A Brief Review

Personality, Consistency, and Specificity in Positive Behavior

The Origins of Personality and Positive Behavior

Chapter 2 Major Approaches to Development

Identification—Internalization Approach

Identification

Internalization

Social-Learning Approach

Cognitive Developmental Approach

Research and Basic Issues

Chapter 3 Development with Age: Prosocial Behavior, Social Cognition, and Related Characteristics

Changes in Prosocial Behavior with Age

Changes in Cooperation and Competition with Age

Changes in Consistency with Age

Changes in Different Types of Role Taking with Age

The Beginning of Role Taking

The Relationship between Different Kinds of Role Taking

Affective Role-Taking

Thinking about Others' Intentions and Motives

Moral Judgment, Role Taking, and Cognition

The Growth of Altruistic Motivation

Chapter 4 Socialization: Basic Styles and Issues

Parental Control, Controlling Styles, and the Socialization of Morality

The Consequences of Forceful Control

Differences in the Affective Bases and in the Socialization of Transgression and Prosocial Behavior

Patterns of Parental Practices, Parental Control, and Child Behavior

The Relationship between Parents and Children

Parental Affection, Nurturance

Naturalistic Research on the Effects of Nurturance

Experimental Research on the Effects of Nurturance

Variations in the Nature of Nurturance

The Learning of Standards, Self-Reinforcement, and Self-Regulation

The Learning of Standards

The Influence of Previously Learned Self-Reactions

Cognitive Self-Control

Chapter 5 Socialization: Practices That Promote Prosocial Development

What Is Learned, and Other Issues

The Conditioning of Prosocial Behavior

Operant-Conditioning Procedures

Classical Conditioning Procedures

Learning through Observation

Learning through Self-Attribution

The Effects of Television

Role Playing and Enactive Learning of Positive Behavior

Reasoning by Parents: Induction

Naturalistic Research on Reasoning and Induction

Experimental Research on Reasoning and Induction

Verbal Influences on Moral Judgment and Behavior

Values and Value Orientations of Parents and Children

Chapter 6 Natural Socialization: Participation in Positive Behavior and Experiential Learning

Focusing Responsibility on Children and Learning by Participation

Experimental Research on Learning by Participation and Interactive Experience

Direct Instruction for and Participation in Prosocial Action

Participation, Teaching Others, and Induction

How Does Experiential Learning Occur?

Interactive Experience, Role Taking, and Experiential Learning

Chapter 7 Peer Socialization: The Influence of Peers on Positive and Negative Behavior and Personality

The Role of Peers in the Development of the Affectional System

Reciprocity in Children's Interactions

Popularity, Peer Interaction, and Adjustment

Social Behavior and Popularity

Role Taking, Social Skills, Attitudes toward Others, and Popularity

The Long-Term Consequences of Popularity and of Negative Interpersonal Relationships

Improving Peer Relations

Socialization and Peer Relations

The Influence of the Nature and Rules of the Peer Group and of the Extended Environment

Chapter 8 Summary and Conclusions: The Development of Positive Social Behavior and Morality

Classes of Socializing Influences

Interrelationships and Changes of Influences

Divergence in Personality as a Source of Development

Antecedents of Different Kinds of Positive Social Behavior

Principles of Change

The Outcomes of Socialization for Prosocial Behavior

Deficiencies in Research

A Developmental Theory of (Pro)social Behavior

Education in Positive Behavior

Culture, History, and the Universal Applicability of Our Understanding of Development

References

Author Index

Subject Index

Details

No. of pages:
340
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1979
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9781483257778

About the Author

Ervin Staub