Description

Polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) and direct methanol fuel cells (DMFCs) technology are promising forms of low-temperature electrochemical power conversion technologies that operate on hydrogen and methanol respectively. Featuring high electrical efficiency and low operational emissions, they have attracted intense worldwide commercialization research and development efforts. These R&D efforts include a major drive towards improving materials performance, fuel cell operation and durability. In situ characterization is essential to improving performance and extending operational lifetime through providing information necessary to understand how fuel cell materials perform under operational loads.

Polymer Electrolyte Membrane and Direct Methanol Fuel Cell Technology, Volume 2 details in situ characterization, including experimental and innovative techniques, used to understand fuel cell operational issues and materials performance. Part I reviews enhanced techniques for characterization of catalyst activities and processes, such as X-ray absorption and scattering, advanced microscopy and electrochemical mass spectrometry. Part II reviews characterization techniques for water and fuel management, including neutron radiography and tomography, magnetic resonance imaging and Raman spectroscopy. Finally, Part III focuses on locally resolved characterization methods, from transient techniques and electrochemical microscopy, to laser-optical methods and synchrotron radiography.

With its international team of expert contributors, Polymer electrolyte membrane and direct methanol fuel cell technology will be an invaluable reference for low temperature fuel cell designers and manufacturers, as well as materials science and electrochemistry researchers and academics. Polymer electrolyte membrane and direct methanol fuel cell technology is an invaluable reference for low temperature fuel cell designers and manufacturers, as well as materia

Key Features

  • Details in situ characterisation of polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) and direct methanol fuel cells (DMFCs), including the experimental and innovative techniques used to understand fuel cell operational issues and materials performance
  • Examines enhanced techniques for characterisation of catalyst activities and processes, such as X-ray absorption and scattering, advanced microscopy and electrochemical mass spectrometry
  • Reviews characterisation techniques for water and fuel management, including neutron radiography and tomography, and comprehensively covers locally resolved characterisation methods, from transient techniques to laser-optical methods

Readership

Anyone involved or interested in the theory, design, and development of solid oxide fuel cell technology and related fuel cell areas:
-Materials engineers, chemical engineers, electrochemists, energy consultants
-PEMFC/DMFC systems designers and technology manufacturers

Table of Contents

Contributor contact details

Woodhead Publishing Series in Energy

Preface

Part I: Advanced characterization techniques for polymer electrolyte membrane and direct methanol fuel cells

Chapter 1: Extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) technique for low temperature fuel cell catalysts characterization

Abstract:

1.1 Introduction

1.2 Basic principles and methods

1.3 Development of techniques

1.4 Application to fuel cell inspection

1.5 Advantages and limitations

1.6 Future trends

Chapter 2: Advanced microscopy techniques for the characterization of polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell components

Abstract:

2.1 Analytical challenges in fuel cell research

2.2 Imaging of the ionomer

2.3 Imaging of electrode porosity

2.4 Imaging of the interface between electrode and gas diffusion layer

2.5 The future of advanced microscopy in fuel cell research

2.6 Acknowledgements

Chapter 3: Differential electrochemical mass spectrometry (DEMS) technique for direct alcohol fuel cell characterization

Abstract:

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Basic principles, cell design and applications

3.3 Experimental techniques

3.4 Application with respect to fuel cell catalysis

3.5 Advantages and limitations of differential electrochemical mass spectrometry (DEMS)

3.6 Fuel cell DEMS and in-line mass spectrometry

Chapter 4: Small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) techniques for polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell characterization

Abstract:

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Principles and methods of small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS)

4.3 Application of SAXS to fuel cell component characterization

4.4 Future trends in SAXS-based fuel cell catalysis research

Chapter 5: X-ray absorption near edge structure (Δμ XANES) techniques for low temperature

Details

No. of pages:
516
Language:
English
Copyright:
© 2012
Published:
Imprint:
Woodhead Publishing
Print ISBN:
9781845697747
Electronic ISBN:
9780857095480

About the editors

Christoph Hartnig

Dr Christoph Hartnig works at Chemetall GmbH and formerly headed research departments at both BASF Fuel Cell GmbH and the Center for Solar Energy and Hydrogen Research (ZSW), Germany. Dr Christina Roth is Professor for Renewable Energies at Technische Universität Darmstadt and Head of a Research Group at the Institute for Applied Materials - Energy Storage Systems, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Germany. The editors are well known for their research and work in the fields of low temperature fuel cell technology and materials characterisation.

Christina Roth

Dr Christina Roth is Professor for Renewable Energies at Technische Universität Darmstadt and Head of a Research Group at the Institute for Applied Materials - Energy Storage Systems, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Germany. The editors are well known for their research and work in the fields of low temperature fuel cell technology and materials characterisation.

Reviews

I was impressed by the content and breadth of this detailed work. This is a very informative work […] I would definitely recommend this book set for readers who are either experienced or new in this exciting field., Platinum Metals Review