Polar Covalence

Polar Covalence

1st Edition - March 28, 1983

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  • Author: R Sanderson
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323159029

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Description

Polar Covalence provides a detailed account of a successful approach to understanding chemistry from knowledge of atomic structure and the properties that result from this structure. This book discusses the nature of multiple bonds. Organized into 16 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the interrelationships of various basic atomic properties. This text then describes chemical bonding, which can only occur when the nuclei of both atoms can attract the same electrons. Other chapters consider the bond energy of multiple bonds, which can be determined by calculating the energy in the usual way as though the bonds were single but of the experimental length. This book discusses as well the reduction of the lone pair bond weakening effect through the formation of multiple bonds. The final chapter deals with the relative roles of principles and practice in the teaching of inorganic and general chemistry. This book is a valuable resource for chemists and students.

Table of Contents


  • Preface

    1. Chemical Bonding: A General Discussion

    Nonpolar Covalence

    Metallic Bonding

    Polar Covalence and "Ionic" Bonding

    Summary

    2. Atomic Properties and Homonuclear Bonding

    Effective Nuclear Charge

    Atomic Radius

    Electronegativity

    Homonuclear Bond Energy

    Evaluation of Electronegativity

    The Lone Pair Bond Weakening Effect

    Atomization Energies of the Elements

    More Meaningful Thermochemistry

    3. The Theory of Polar Covalence

    Nonpolar Covalent Energy

    Ionic Energy

    Polar Covalent Energy

    4. Multiple Bonds

    Multiplicity Factors

    Gaseous Diatomic Oxides

    Sulfides

    Other Compounds

    The Burning of Carbon

    Why Is Silicon Dioxide Solid?

    Nitrogen Oxides

    Sulfur Oxides

    5. More About the Lone Pair Bond Weakening Effect on Single Bonds

    The Origin of LPBWE

    Occurrence of LPBWE

    Summary

    6. Bonds and Bond Energies in Hydrocarbons

    Normal Alkanes

    Alkane Isomers

    Cycloalkanes

    Benzene Hydrocarbons

    Alkenes

    Alkynes

    Other Hydrocarbons

    7. Some Organic Halides

    General Procedure

    Fluorides

    Chlorides

    Bromides

    Iodides

    Acyl Halides

    8. Organic Compounds Containing Oxygen

    Alcohols

    Phenols

    Ethers

    Aldehydes

    Ketones

    Carboxylic Acids

    Carboxylic Esters

    Discussion

    9. Organic Compounds Containing Sulfur

    Mercaptans—Thiols

    Sulfides

    Sulfoxides

    Sulfones

    Sulfites and Sulfates

    10. Some Organic Nitrogen Compounds

    Nitriles

    Amines

    Amides

    Nitro Compounds and Nitrates

    Summary of Organic Applications

    11. Bond Energies in Organometallic Compounds

    12. Bond Dissociation and the Reorganizational Energies of Free Radicals

    13. Bond Dissociation in Inorganic Molecules

    Halides and Subhalides

    Transitional Metal Halides

    Oxides as Oxidizing Agents

    Halogenation by Halides

    14. Bond Energy in Nonmolecular Solids

    The Ionic Model

    The Coordinated Polymeric Model

    Nonmolecular Solids with Less Polar Bonds

    Molecular Addition Compounds

    15. The Significance of Partial Charge in Understanding Physical and Chemical Properties

    Partial Charge from Experimental Data

    The Radii of Combined Atoms

    Partial Charges on Polyatomic Ions

    Physical and Chemical Relationships to Partial Charge

    Functionality

    16. Periodicity and Partial Charge

    Binary Oxides

    Halides

    Binary Compounds of Hydrogen

    Ionization of Water

    Strengths of Oxyacids

    Visualization with the Help of Models

    A. General References

    B. References to the Author's Previous Work

    C. References to Chemical Bonds and Bond Energy

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 252
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1983
  • Published: March 28, 1983
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323159029

About the Author

R Sanderson

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