Section 1: Basic Principles. Nomenclature. Units. Terms and definitions. Properties of air and gases. Gas laws and thermodynamics. Section 2: The Compressor. Compressor classification. Compressor performance. Compressor installation. Mobile compressors. Acceptance tests. Compressor noise reduction. Compressor selection. Maintenance heat exchangers and coolers. Section 3: Energy and Efficiency. Energy generation and dispersal. Pipe flow. Heat recovery. Section 4: Compressed Air Transmission and Treatment. Compressed air filtration. Breathing air filtration. Sterile air and gas filters. Process air filtration. Air dryers. Pipe materials and fittings. Pipe sizing. Regulating valves. Lubricators and injectors. Commissioning. Safety regulations. Section 5: Applications for Compressed Air. Tool classification. Industrial tools. Contractors tools. Mining and quarrying tools. Tool performance. Air motors and their uses. Noise and vibration of pneumatic tools. Paint spraying. Air springs and actuators. Pneumatic conveying. Air films and bearings. Air bubble techniques. Section 6: Sensors and Controllers. Flow measurement. Sensors. Logic controls. Electro-pneumatics. Programmable controllers. Section 7: Control Valves. Control valves. Construction. Valve operation. Section 8: Actuators. Types of cylinders. Construction. Performance and selection. Applications. Section 9: Seals. Dry running gas seals. Positive action seals. Pneumatic seals. Section 10: Applied Pneumatics. Circuit analysis. Flow analysis. Automation and robotics. Section 11: Vacuum and Low Pressure. Vacuum pumps. Vacuum techniques. Section 12: Engineering Data. Standards and publications. Graphical symbols for pneumatic components.