Plate Tectonics & Crustal Evolution - 2nd Edition - ISBN: 9780080280769, 9781483100142

Plate Tectonics & Crustal Evolution

2nd Edition

Authors: Kent C. Condie
eBook ISBN: 9781483100142
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1982
Page Count: 320
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Description

Plate Tectonics & Crustal Evolution, Second Edition covers the role of plate tectonics in the geologic past in light of existing geologic evidence, and examples of plate reconstructions. The book discusses the important physical and chemical properties of the crust and upper mantle in terms of models for crustal origin and evolution. The text also describes sea-floor spreading; magma associations; plate tectonics and continental drift. The phanerozoic orogenic systems and the precambrian crustal development are also tackled. The book will be invaluable to students in the earth sciences and to various specialists in the geological sciences.

Table of Contents


Preface

Chapter 1. Introduction

A Perspective

The Approach

Methods and Definitions

Variation of Physical Properties in the Earth

Summary Statements

Chapter 2. Origin of the Earth-Moon System

Chemical Composition of the Earth and Moon

Age of the Earth and Moon

Condensation and Accretion of the Planets

Origin of the Moon

The Earth's Rotational History

Summary Statements

Chapter 3. The Mantle and Core

Detailed Structure of the Mantle

Upper-Mantle Temperature Gradients

Electrical Conductivity Distribution

Global Gravity Anomalies

Composition of the Mantle

The Core

Summary Statements

Chapter 4. The Crust

Crustal Types

Seismic Features

Heat Flow

Gravity Anomalies

Magnetic Anomalies

Electrical Conductivity Distribution

Metamorphism

Composition

Summary Statements

Chapter 5. Crustal Provinces

Radiometrie Dating

Events That Can Be Dated

Orogenic Provinces

Anorogenic Provinces

Episodicity of Orogeny

Summary Statements

Chapter 6. Sea-Floor Spreading

The Theory of Sea-Floor Spreading

Plate Characteristics

Sea-Floor Spreading in the Western Pacific

Mechanisms of Sea-Floor Spreading

Summary Statements

Chapter 7. Magma Associations

Introduction

Plate-Margin Associations

Intraplate Associations

The Origin and Source of Magmas

Summary Statements

Chapter 8. Plate Tectonics and Continental Drift

The Expanding Earth Hypothesis

Methods of Plate Reconstruction

Arc Systems

Rifts

Cratonic Basins

Eustacy

Plate Tectonics and Orogeny

Plate Tectonics and Energy and Mineral Deposits

Summary Statements

Chapter 9. Phanerozoic Orogenic Systems

Continental Reconstructions

The Appalachian-Caledonian System

The Hercynian System

The Cordilleran System

The Alpine-Tethyan System

Summary Statements

Chapter 10. Precambrian Crustal Development

Introduction

Archean Rock Associations

Origin of Archean Crustal Provinces

Proterozoic Rock Associations

Origin of Proterozoic Crustal Provinces

Precambrian Paleomagnetic Studies

Summary Statements

Chapter 11. Crustal Origin and Evolution

Origin of the Crust

Composition of the Primitive Crust

Growth of the Early Crust

The Earth's Thermal History

A Model of Early Crustal Development

Comparative Evolution of the Terrestrial Planets

Evolution of the Earth's Mantle

Secular Compositional Changes in the Continents

The Atmosphere

The Oceans

Paleoclimates

The Evolution of Life

Summary Statements

Acknowledgments

References

Index

Plate I. Tectonic Map of the World (in pocket)

Details

No. of pages:
320
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Pergamon 1982
Published:
Imprint:
Pergamon
eBook ISBN:
9781483100142

About the Author

Kent C. Condie

Kent C. Condie

Kent Condie is professor of geochemistry at New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology, Socorro, NM where he has taught since 1970. Prior to that time he was at Washington University in St. Louis, MO (1964-1970). TextbookHis textbook, Plate Tectonics and Crustal Evolution, which is widely used in upper division and graduate courses in the Earth Sciences, was first published in 1976 and has gone through four previous editions. In addition, Condie has written and edited several books. Condie’s research, primarily dealing with the origin and evolution of continents and the early history of the Earth, has over the years been sponsored chiefly by the U. S. National Science Foundation. He is author or co-author of over 750 articles published scientific journals.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor of Geochemistry, Department of Earth & Environmental Science, New Mexico Tech, Socorro, NM, USA