Plate Tectonics & Crustal Evolution

Plate Tectonics & Crustal Evolution

2nd Edition - January 1, 1982

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  • Author: Kent C. Condie
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483100142

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Description

Plate Tectonics & Crustal Evolution, Second Edition covers the role of plate tectonics in the geologic past in light of existing geologic evidence, and examples of plate reconstructions. The book discusses the important physical and chemical properties of the crust and upper mantle in terms of models for crustal origin and evolution. The text also describes sea-floor spreading; magma associations; plate tectonics and continental drift. The phanerozoic orogenic systems and the precambrian crustal development are also tackled. The book will be invaluable to students in the earth sciences and to various specialists in the geological sciences.

Table of Contents


  • Preface

    Chapter 1. Introduction

    A Perspective

    The Approach

    Methods and Definitions

    Variation of Physical Properties in the Earth

    Summary Statements

    Chapter 2. Origin of the Earth-Moon System

    Chemical Composition of the Earth and Moon

    Age of the Earth and Moon

    Condensation and Accretion of the Planets

    Origin of the Moon

    The Earth's Rotational History

    Summary Statements

    Chapter 3. The Mantle and Core

    Detailed Structure of the Mantle

    Upper-Mantle Temperature Gradients

    Electrical Conductivity Distribution

    Global Gravity Anomalies

    Composition of the Mantle

    The Core

    Summary Statements

    Chapter 4. The Crust

    Crustal Types

    Seismic Features

    Heat Flow

    Gravity Anomalies

    Magnetic Anomalies

    Electrical Conductivity Distribution

    Metamorphism

    Composition

    Summary Statements

    Chapter 5. Crustal Provinces

    Radiometrie Dating

    Events That Can Be Dated

    Orogenic Provinces

    Anorogenic Provinces

    Episodicity of Orogeny

    Summary Statements

    Chapter 6. Sea-Floor Spreading

    The Theory of Sea-Floor Spreading

    Plate Characteristics

    Sea-Floor Spreading in the Western Pacific

    Mechanisms of Sea-Floor Spreading

    Summary Statements

    Chapter 7. Magma Associations

    Introduction

    Plate-Margin Associations

    Intraplate Associations

    The Origin and Source of Magmas

    Summary Statements

    Chapter 8. Plate Tectonics and Continental Drift

    The Expanding Earth Hypothesis

    Methods of Plate Reconstruction

    Arc Systems

    Rifts

    Cratonic Basins

    Eustacy

    Plate Tectonics and Orogeny

    Plate Tectonics and Energy and Mineral Deposits

    Summary Statements

    Chapter 9. Phanerozoic Orogenic Systems

    Continental Reconstructions

    The Appalachian-Caledonian System

    The Hercynian System

    The Cordilleran System

    The Alpine-Tethyan System

    Summary Statements

    Chapter 10. Precambrian Crustal Development

    Introduction

    Archean Rock Associations

    Origin of Archean Crustal Provinces

    Proterozoic Rock Associations

    Origin of Proterozoic Crustal Provinces

    Precambrian Paleomagnetic Studies

    Summary Statements

    Chapter 11. Crustal Origin and Evolution

    Origin of the Crust

    Composition of the Primitive Crust

    Growth of the Early Crust

    The Earth's Thermal History

    A Model of Early Crustal Development

    Comparative Evolution of the Terrestrial Planets

    Evolution of the Earth's Mantle

    Secular Compositional Changes in the Continents

    The Atmosphere

    The Oceans

    Paleoclimates

    The Evolution of Life

    Summary Statements

    Acknowledgments

    References

    Index

    Plate I. Tectonic Map of the World (in pocket)

Product details

  • No. of pages: 320
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1982
  • Published: January 1, 1982
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483100142

About the Author

Kent C. Condie

Kent C. Condie
Kent Condie is emeritus professor of geochemistry at New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology, Socorro, NM where he taught from 1970 to 2015. His textbook, Plate Tectonics and Crustal Evolution, was first published in 1976 and has gone through four editions. In addition, Condie has written seven other professional books the most recent of which, Earth as an Evolving Planetary System is now in the fourth edition. He is author or co-author of over 750 articles published scientific journals. He was awarded NMT’s Distinguished Research Award in 1987. In addition, he was elected the Vice President of the International Association for Gondwana Research in 2002 and in 2007 was bestowed an Honorary Doctorate Degree from the University of Pretoria in South Africa. He was awarded the Penrose Medal of the Geological Society of America in 2018.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor of Geochemistry, Department of Earth and Environmental Science, New Mexico Tech, Socorro, NM, USA

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