Plastic Pipe Systems: Failure Investigation and Diagnosis - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9781856174961, 9780080463933

Plastic Pipe Systems: Failure Investigation and Diagnosis

1st Edition

Authors: Mehdi Farshad
eBook ISBN: 9780080463933
Hardcover ISBN: 9781856174961
Imprint: Elsevier Science
Published Date: 21st August 2006
Page Count: 224
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Description

Industrial and domestic piping is increasingly made from various plastics and composites, and these materials withstand heavy use over long periods. They are, however, affected by environmental and other factors over time and can degrade, causing major problems within piping systems. Farshad's book deals with why plastic pipes and systems fail, and with how to investigate and diagnose such failures. Pipes may buckle, fracture, change in dimensions and colour, blister and delaminate, corrode through stress, be abraded and obstructed: all these cause problems and lead to loss of efficient operation of a system. The author's experience is backed up by a large data-base of results

Key Features

  • Wide target audience
  • Only book covering the entire subject
  • Unique approach based on long experience

Readership

composite manufacturers, designers and end-users; pipeline engineers; materials scientists; public utilities companies; oil and gas companies; consultants

Table of Contents

  • About the author
  • Preface
  • Chapter 1: Plastic pipe systems
    • Publisher Summary
    • 1.1 Polymeric materials
    • 1.2 Plastic pipes
    • 1.3 Pipes as systems
    • 1.4 Classification of plastic pipes
    • 1.5 Requirements for the piping systems
    • 1.6 Environmental effects
    • 1.7 Life cycle of plastic pipes
    • 1.8 Initial stresses in plastic pipes
    • 1.9 Ageing of plastic pipes
    • 1.10 Reliability of pipelines
    • 1.11 General procedure for reliability assessment
    • 1.12 General safety questions related to pipe systems
  • Chapter 2: Failure investigation of plastic pipes
    • Publisher Summary
    • 2.1 Failure phenomenon
    • 2.2 Sources of potential failures
    • 2.3 Types of failures
    • 2.4 Failure mechanisms in polymeric products
    • 2.5 Failure analysis
    • 2.6 Why failure analysis?
    • 2.7 Parallel between engineering and medical diagnosis
    • 2.8 Terminologies related to failure investigation
    • 2.9 Steps in failure investigation
    • 2.10 Details of steps in failure investigation
    • 2.11 Testing of plastic pipes
    • 2.12 Failure modes and potential causes
    • 2.13 Qualitative risk estimation of plastic pipe connections
    • 2.14 Lessons learned from pipeline failures
    • 2.15 Failure case studies
  • Chapter 3: Fracture of plastic pipes
    • Publisher Summary
    • 3.1 Fracture
    • 3.2 Fracture modes
    • 3.3 Fracture process
    • 3.4 Fracture due to normal stress
    • 3.5 Macroscopic observations on the fracture surfaces
    • 3.6 Crack types
    • 3.7 RCP in plastic pipes
    • 3.8 Types of fractures in pipes
    • 3.9 Guideline for diagnosis of fractured pipe
    • 3.10 Failure case studies
    • 3.11 Preventive measures against fracture of plastic pipes
  • Chapter 4: Buckling of plastic pipes
    • 4.1 Stability and instability
    • 4.2 Modes of elastic instability
    • 4.3 Excessive deformation
    • 4.4 General causes of buckling of plastic pipes
    • 4.5 Buckling of buried pipes
    • 4.6 Buckling during installation
    • 4.7 Buckling due to elevated temperatures
    • 4.8 Buckling of concrete-embedded pipes
    • 4.9 Buckling of the pipe liners
    • 4.10 Local buckling due to concentrated loads
    • 4.11 Types of buckling and excessive deformation
    • 4.12 Assessment of buckled pipes
    • 4.13 Assessment of excessive deformations
    • 4.14 Buckling failure cases
    • 4.15 Preventive measures against buckling and excessive deformation
  • Chapter 5: Weathering, color, and dimensional changes
    • Publisher Summary
    • 5.1 Weathering
    • 5.2 Color changes
    • 5.3 Dimension changes
    • 5.4 Assessment of color and dimensional changes
    • 5.5 A case study related to color and dimensional changes
    • 5.6 Preventive measures against weathering, color, and dimensional changes
  • Chapter 6: Voids, blisters, and delaminations
    • Publisher Summary
    • 6.1 Categories of local material failure
    • 6.2 Assessment of local damages
    • 6.3 Investigation of failure cases
    • 6.4 Preventive measures against voids, blisters, and delaminations
  • Chapter 7: Fatigue, corrosion, and wear
    • Publisher Summary
    • 7.1 Introduction
    • 7.2 Fatigue
    • 7.3 Corrosion
    • 7.4 Wear
    • 7.5 Assessment of fatigue, corrosion, and wear
    • 7.6 A typical failure case study
    • 7.7 Measures against fatigue, corrosion, and wear
  • Chapter 8: Clogging of the pipe system
    • Publisher Summary
    • 8.1 Causes of clogging
    • 8.2 Types of clogging
    • 8.3 Assessment of clogging
    • 8.4 A failure case investigation
    • 8.5 Preventive measures against clogging
  • Chapter 9: The knowledge base of an expert system for failure diagnosis
    • Publisher Summary
    • 9.1 Introduction
    • 9.2 A short description of the expert system EFAP
    • 9.3 Failure analysis procedure by EFAP
    • 9.4 Failure analysis
    • 9.5 Failure assessment
    • 9.6 EFAP - An expert system software
  • Glossary of terms and definitions
  • Bibliography
  • Index

Details

No. of pages:
224
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Elsevier Science 2006
Published:
Imprint:
Elsevier Science
eBook ISBN:
9780080463933
Hardcover ISBN:
9781856174961

About the Author

Mehdi Farshad

Affiliations and Expertise

Titular Professor, ETHZ, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, Switzerland; Senior Research Scientist, EMPA, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Testing and Research