Plasma Astrophysics - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080171906, 9781483187051

Plasma Astrophysics

1st Edition

International Series of Monographs in Natural Philosophy

Authors: S. A. Kaplan V. N. Tsytovich
Editors: D. ter Haar
eBook ISBN: 9781483187051
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1973
Page Count: 316
Tax/VAT will be calculated at check-out Price includes VAT (GST)
30% off
30% off
30% off
30% off
30% off
20% off
20% off
30% off
30% off
30% off
30% off
30% off
20% off
20% off
30% off
30% off
30% off
30% off
30% off
20% off
20% off
54.95
38.47
38.47
38.47
38.47
38.47
43.96
43.96
43.99
30.79
30.79
30.79
30.79
30.79
35.19
35.19
72.95
51.06
51.06
51.06
51.06
51.06
58.36
58.36
Unavailable
Price includes VAT (GST)
× DRM-Free

Easy - Download and start reading immediately. There’s no activation process to access eBooks; all eBooks are fully searchable, and enabled for copying, pasting, and printing.

Flexible - Read on multiple operating systems and devices. Easily read eBooks on smart phones, computers, or any eBook readers, including Kindle.

Open - Buy once, receive and download all available eBook formats, including PDF, EPUB, and Mobi (for Kindle).

Institutional Access

Secure Checkout

Personal information is secured with SSL technology.

Free Shipping

Free global shipping
No minimum order.

Description

Plasma Astrophysics is a translation from the Russian language; the topics discussed are based on lectures given by V.N. Tsytovich at several universities. The book describes the physics of the various phenomena and their mathematical formulation connected with plasma astrophysics. This book also explains the theory of the interaction of fast particles plasma, their radiation activities, as well as the plasma behavior when exposed to a very strong magnetic field. The text describes the nature of collective plasma processes and of plasma turbulence. One author explains the method of elementary excitation which he has developed. The book also discusses the sporadic radio-emission of the sun, galactic nuclei, radio-galaxies, quasars, and pulsars. The book explains that problems involving terrestrial plasma can be split into parts; in astrophysics, the approach is different. For example, particle acceleration is determined by turbulence spectra that in turn depends on the energy distribution of the accelerated particles. The authors also give theoretical results based on many calculations analysis of observational data: Tsytovich contributes new theoretical calculations. This book can prove helpful for nuclear scientists and researchers working with plasma physics or astro-physics.

Table of Contents


Preface to the Russian Edition

Preface to the English Edition

Introduction

General Discussion of the Role of Plasma Processes under Cosmic Conditions

In How Far is Plasma Astrophysics Different from Laboratory Plasma Physics?

Plasma Turbulence Astrophysics

Statement of the Problems in Plasma Astrophysics and Contents of the Present Book

Chapter 1. The Physics of Plasma Turbulence

§ 1. The Frequencies and Waves of Plasma Turbulence

Characteristic Frequencies of Plasma Processes

Types (Modes) of Collective Waves in a Plasma

§ 2. Emission and Absorption Mechanisms for Waves in a Plasma

Energy Spectral Density and Number of Waves in Plasma Turbulence

Spontaneous Emission Mechanisms for Waves in a Plasma

Stimulated Emission and Absorption of Waves in a Plasma

§ 3. Non-Linear Wave Interactions in a Plasma

Non-Linear Scattering of Waves by Thermal Ions and Electrons in a Plasma

Decay and Fusion of Waves in a Plasma

§ 4. Nature, Spectrum, and Excitation of Plasma Turbulence

Langmuir Wave (Longitudinal Plasmon) Turbulence

Ion-Sound Turbulence and Anomalous Plasma Resistivity

Magnetohydrodynamic Plasma Turbulence

Excitation of Plasma Turbulence and Plasma Instabilities

§ 5. Diffusion of Charged Particles and of Electromagnetic Radiation in the Field of Plasma Turbulence

Fast Particle Acceleration in a Plasma

Scattering of Electromagnetic Waves in a Turbulent Plasma

Amplification of High-Frequency Electromagnetic Radiation during Its Propagation through a Turbulent Plasma

Some Non-Linear Transfer Equations for Electromagnetic Radiation

§ 6. Laboratory Studies of Plasma Turbulence and Possible Laboratory Models for Cosmic Plasma Phenomena

Some Experimental Data on Particle Acceleration in a Turbulent Plasma

Anomalous Plasma Resistivity

Plasma Turbulence Emission

Laboratory Models for Cosmic Plasma Phenomena

Chapter 2. Sporadic Radio-Emission of the Sun (Turbulent Processes in a Non-Relativistic Plasma)

§ 7. Observational Data on the Sporadic Solar Radio-Emission

Electron Density and Temperature Distribution in the Outer Solar Atmosphere

Chromospheric Flares

Fast-Drifting Radio-Bursts (Type III, V and U Bursts)

Slowly Drifting or Stationary Radio-Bursts (Type II, IV and I Bursts, Noise Storms)

Radar Observations of the Sun

§ 8. Excitation of Longitudinal and Transverse Plasmon Turbulence by a Beam Instability

Quasi-Linear Beam Relaxation

Non-Linear Beam Stabilization

Longitudinal and Transverse Plasmon Turbulence

Escape of the Radio-Emission from Turbulence Regions

Influence of a Magnetic Field on the Longitudinal and Transverse Plasmon Turbulence

§ 9. Electromagnetic Radiation from Ion-Sound Turbulence

Fast Electrons in Shock Waves

Emission at Plasma Frequencies from Regions of Magnetic Field Gradients (Shock Waves)

Accumulation of Particles in Magnetic Traps by Ion-Sound Turbulence

§ 10. Discussion of the Theory of Solar Radio-Bursts

Type III, V, and U Radio-Bursts

Type II Radio-Bursts

The Interpretation of "Long-Lived" Stationary Bursts

The Interpretation of Radar Observations

Particle Acceleration in Chromospheric Flares

Chapter 3. Galactic Nuclei, Radio-Galaxies, Quasars (Turbulent Processes in a Plasma with an Admixture of Ultra-Relativistic Electrons)

§ 11. Brief Summary of Observational Data on Galactic Nuclei, Radio-Galaxies, and Quasars

Characteristic Properties of Galactic Nuclei

Activity of Galactic Nuclei, Quasars

Radio-Galaxies, Outbursts and Their Radio-Spectra

§ 12. Emission by Ultra-Relativistic Particles in a Plasma

The Distribution Function of the Relativistic Particles

Spontaneous Synchrotron Emission of Electromagnetic and Langmuir Waves

Cherenkov Emission of Langmuir and Alfven Waves by Relativistic Particles

Stimulated Emission and Reabsorption of Relativistic Electrons

Anisotropic Distributions and Excitation of Plasma Waves by Relativistic Particles

Stabilization of Relativistic Particle Instabilities

§ 13. Plasma and Compton Emission Mechanisms of Ultra-Relativistic Particles

Analysis of the Conservation Laws for Scattering

Non-Linear Scattering of Electromagnetic and Langmuir Waves by Relativistic Ions

Compton Scattering of Electromagnetic and Langmuir Waves by Relativistic Electrons

Amplification and Stabilization of the Electromagnetic Radiation Generated in Compton Scattering of Langmuir and Electromagnetic Waves

Polarization of the Electromagnetic Emission from a Turbulent Plasma

Bremsstrahlung Mechanisms for Relativistic Electrons and Ions in a Turbulent Plasma

§ 14. Plasma Turbulent Reactors for Relativistic Electrons

Electromagnetic Radiation Spectrum in a Turbulent Reactor

Acceleration of Electrons through Absorption of Electromagnetic Radiation

Formation of a Power-Law Energy Distribution Function in a Plasma Reactor

§ 15. The Interpretation of the Electromagnetic Radiation of Galactic Nuclei, Radio-Galaxies, and Quasars

Synchrotron Interpretation of the Radio-Emission of Cosmic Sources

Plasma Interpretation of the Emission from Powerful Radio-Sources

Infra-Red Emission Sources in Galactic Centers and the Possibility of a Direct Emission from a Plasma Turbulence Reactor

Relativistic Electron Beams in the Intergalactic and the Galactic Space and the Interpretation of Outburst Emission

Chapter 4. Pulsar Emission (Turbulent Processes of a Relativistic Plasma in a Strong Magnetic Field)

§ 16. Observational Data about Pulsars

Radio-Emission of the Pulsars

The Crab Pulsar

§ 17. A Relativistic Plasma in a Strong Magnetic Field

Dispersion Relations for an Ultra-Relativistic Plasma without a Magnetic Field

Non-Linear Interactions in an Ultra-Relativistic Plasma without a Magnetic Field

Dispersion Relations for an Ultra-Relativistic Plasma in a Very Strong Magnetic Field

Instability of Alfven Waves in an Ultra-Relativistic Plasma in a Strong Magnetic Field

Non-Linear Wave Interactions in an Ultra-Relativistic Plasma in a Strong Magnetic Field

§ 18. Emission by an Ultra-Relativistic Plasma in a Strong Magnetic Field

Emission Mechanisms in a Very Strong Magnetic Field

Spectral Emission Coefficients

Reabsorption Coefficients

Radiative Compression of the Particle Motion Towards the Magnetic Field Lines

§ 19. Turbulent Reactors in a Relativistic Plasma

Turbulent Reactors in a Relativistic Plasma in a Weak Magnetic Field

Spectral Radiation Intensity in an Optically Dense Relativistic Plasma in a Strong Magnetic Field

Particle Acceleration through Absorption of Electromagnetic Radiation

Turbulent Reactor in a Relativistic Plasma in a Strong Magnetic Field

§ 20. The Interpretation of Pulsar Emission

Transfer of Rotational Energy to the Close Circumpulsar Space and Its Properties

Synchrotron Hypothesis of Pulsar Emission

Compton Mechanism Hypothesis for the Emission in a Weak Magnetic Field

The Hypothesis of Cyclotron and Magneto-Brems Emission of a Plasma in a Strong Magnetic Field

Pulsars and the Activity of Supernova Shells

Conclusion. Problems for the Further Development of Plasma Astrophysics

Unsolved Problems in Plasma Astrophysics

The Problem of the Cosmic-Ray Spectra

Appendix. Tables of Averaged Probabilities for Plasma Processes

References

Index

Details

No. of pages:
316
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Pergamon 1973
Published:
Imprint:
Pergamon
eBook ISBN:
9781483187051

About the Author

S. A. Kaplan

V. N. Tsytovich

About the Editor

D. ter Haar