Plant Virus-Host Interaction

Plant Virus-Host Interaction

Molecular Approaches and Viral Evolution

1st Edition - December 7, 2013

Write a review

  • Editors: R.K. Gaur, Pradeep Sharma, Thomas Hohn
  • eBook ISBN: 9780124115989
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780124115842

Purchase options

Purchase options
DRM-free (Mobi, PDF, EPub)
Available
Sales tax will be calculated at check-out

Institutional Subscription

Free Global Shipping
No minimum order

Description

Plant Virus-Host Interaction contains cutting-edge research in plant molecular virology, including pathogenic viroids and transport by insect vectors, interference with transmission to control viruses, and synergism, with pivotal coverage of RNA silencing and the counter-defensive strategies used by viruses to overcome the silencing response in plants. With a clear focus on plant virus evolution, including quantitative and population genetics, Plant Virus-Host Interaction provides insights on the major factors favoring disease emergence, such as genetic change in pathogen and host populations and changes in host ecology and environment. The book also examines socioeconomic implications of widespread plant viral agents. Contributions from leading experts around the globe provide varied perspectives, while comprehensive coverage ensures a complete look at this exciting field.

Key Features

  • Covers the emergence of new viral diseases
  • Provides molecular approaches for virus-host interaction
  • Highlights RNA silencing and counter-defensive strategies
  • Discusses socioeconomic implications of viral spread and mitigation techniques

Readership

Researchers in basic and applied plant virology, plant pathology, microbiology, genetics and molecular biology, biological control, ecology, evolution, and related aspects of plant science; upper-level graduate students of plant virology

Table of Contents

  • Contributors

    Preface

    About the Editors

    Chapter 1. Role of double-stranded RNA-binding proteins in RNA silencing and antiviral defense

    Abstract

    Acknowledgment

    Introduction

    DRbs in humans and animals

    DRBs in plants

    Structural analyses of Arabidopsis DRB proteins

    Functional diversification of DRBs in animals and plants

    DRBs and antiviral defense

    Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 2. Alteration of host-encoded miRNAs in virus infected plants—experimentally verified

    Abstract

    Acknowledgments

    Introduction

    miRNAs responsive to virus infection

    Effect of viral infection on mRNA targets of miRNAs

    miRNA and symptoms

    Interaction between miRNAs and their targets as well as viral silencing suppressors

    The arms race between plants and plant viruses

    Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 3. Host–virus interactions in banana-infecting viruses

    Abstract

    Introduction

    Virus–host interaction at the plant level

    The virus–vector relationship

    Virus–host interaction at the molecular level

    Transgenic plant and virus resistance

    Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 4. Recent advances on interactions between the whitefly Bemisia tabaci and begomoviruses, with emphasis on Tomato yellow leaf curl virus

    Abstract

    Introduction

    Tomato yellow leaf curl virus causing worldwide epidemics

    The whitefly Bemisia tabaci—pest and vector status

    Parameters for acquisition, transmission and retention of TYLCV by B. tabaci

    Transovarial transmission of TYLCV by B. tabaci

    Sex-mediated transmission of TYLCV by B. tabaci

    Molecular interactions between TYLCV and B. tabaci

    Concluding remarks

    References

    Chapter 5. Hosts and non-hosts in plant virology and the effects of plant viruses on host plants

    Abstract

    Types of host–virus relationships

    The role of host plants in virus diagnosis

    Biologic decline of plants due to viral infection

    Virus and fungal interactions in plants

    The effects of artificial and natural substances on host–virus relationships

    References

    Further Reading

    Chapter 6. Interference with insect transmission to control plant-pathogenic viruses

    Abstract

    Acknowledgments

    Introduction

    Modes of transmission

    Main groups of insect vectors of plant viruses

    Control of insect vectors to control viral diseases

    Interference with transmission

    Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 7. Transmission and host interaction of Geminivirus in weeds

    Abstract

    Acknowledgments

    Introduction

    International recognition of Geminiviridae

    Transmission vectors of the family Geminiviridae

    Genomic organization in different genera

    Host interaction of Geminivirus in weeds

    RNAi technology: a spectacular approach against Geminivirus

    Antiviral agent: docking framework

    Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 8. Tombusvirus-induced multivesicular bodies: Origin and role in virus–host interaction

    Abstract

    Introduction

    General features of tombusviruses

    Peroxisome-derived MVBs in plant cells

    Mitochondrion-derived MVBs in plant cells

    Tombusvirus replication complex in yeast cells

    References

    Chapter 9. Papaya ringspot virus-P: overcoming limitations of resistance breeding in Carica papaya L.

    Abstract

    Introduction

    Papaya ringspot virus

    Present strategies for PRSV-P management

    Breeding PRSV-P-resistant papaya cultivars

    Recent developments

    Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 10. Synergism in plant–virus interactions: A case study of CMV and PVY in mixed infection in tomato

    Abstract

    Introduction

    Virus properties

    Moving from field crops into a model system

    The loss-of-function approach to dissect the single cell, local, and systemic patterns of mixed infections

    PVY-SON41 complements movement defects of the CMV-FnyΔ2b Mutant

    CMV-satRNA makes a more complex pattern

    Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 11. Methods of diagnosis, stability, transmission, and host interaction of Papaya lethal yellowing virus in papaya

    Abstract

    Introduction

    Occurrence and geographic distribution of Papaya lethal yellowing virus

    Methods of virus diagnosis

    Virus properties, symptoms, and host range

    Virus transmission and stability

    Virus distribution inside infected plants

    Interaction with Papaya ringspot virus

    Strategies for disease control

    References

    Chapter 12. Establishment of endogenous pararetroviruses in the rice genome

    Abstract

    Acknowledgment

    Introduction

    Endogenous Rice tungro bacilliform virus-like sequences are preferentially present between AT dinucleotide repeats in rice genomes

    The existence of AT dinucleotide repeats prior to endogenous Rice tungro bacilliform virus-like sequence integration

    Possible mechanisms of integration using AT dinucleotide repeats

    At dinucleotide repeats are hot spots of double-stranded breaks

    Differences in Rice tungro bacilliform virus and endogenous Rice tungro bacilliform virus-like sequence with regard to genome integration

    Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 13. Volatile organic compounds and plant virus–host interaction

    Abstract

    Introduction

    VOCs as products of plant metabolic pathways

    Leaf wounding in VOC emission and plant virus infection

    VOC-Mediated priming of plants and its role in virus infection

    VOCs and virus-transmitted vectors

    Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 14. Diversity of latent plant–virus interactions and their impact on the virosphere

    Abstract

    Acknowledgments

    Introduction

    Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 15. Viroid–insect–plant interactions

    Abstract

    Acknowledgments

    Introduction

    Distribution

    Transmission

    Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 16. Engineering crops for resistance to geminiviruses

    Abstract

    Acknowledgment

    Introduction

    Conventional disease resistance strategies for geminiviruses

    Nonconventional disease resistance strategies for geminiviruses

    Pathogen-derived resistance to geminiviruses

    Non-pathogen-derived resistance to geminiviruses

    Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 17. Cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV) upregulates translation reinitiation of its pregenomic polycistronic 35S RNA via interaction with the cell’s translation machinery

    Abstract

    Introduction

    Control of cellular initiation and reinitiation of translation

    Control of translation initiation by the TOR signaling pathway

    Translation of viral polycistronic mRNAs via reinitiation

    Mechanism of virus-activated reinitiation of translation—involvement of eIF3 and RISP host factors

    Mechanism of virus-activated reinitiation of translation—involvement of host factor TOR

    Auxin and TOR signaling in plants

    Conclusions and perspectives

    References

    Chapter 18. Molecular mechanism of Begomovirus evolution and plant defense response

    Abstract

    Introduction

    Evolution of begomoviruses

    Consequences of mutation and recombination

    Interaction of viral suppressors with the silencing pathway

    Role of phytohormones in plant defense responses

    How do plants defend themselves against the evolutionary potential of invading viruses?

    RNA-directed DNA methylation as a plant genome defense mechanism

    Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 19. Impact of the host on plant virus evolution

    Abstracts

    Introduction

    Impact of the host on viral genome stnability

    Impact of the host on viral amino acid usage

    Impact of the host on viral synonymous codon choice

    Impact of the host on viral dinucleotide frequency

    Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 20. Virus-induced physiologic changes in plants

    Abstract

    Chloroplast ultrastructure

    Chloroplast degradation in the susceptible hosts

    Chloroplasts in the resistant or necrotic host

    Changes in chlorophyll–protein complexes and chloroplast proteins

    Fluorescence emission and excitation spectra

    Inhibition of chlorophyll biosynthesis

    Decrease in POR quantities and reduction in the galactolipid content

    Changes in CO2 fixation

    Effect of virus replication products

    References

    Further reading

    Chapter 21. Virus–virus interactions

    Abstract

    Cross protection

    Synergistic antagonistic interactions

    Recombination

    Heteroencapsidation

    Gene silencing

    Further reading

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 430
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2014
  • Published: December 7, 2013
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780124115989
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780124115842

About the Editors

R.K. Gaur

Prof. (Dr.) R.K. Gaur earned his Ph.D. in 2005, and is now a Professor at the Department of Biotechnology, Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Gorakhpur University, Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh, India. His Ph.D. was on the molecular characterization of sugarcane viruses, i.e., mosaic, streak mosaic, and yellow luteovirus. He received a MASHAV fellowship of the Israeli government for his postdoctoral studies and joined The Volcani Center, Israel and Ben-Gurion University, Negev, Israel. In 2007 he received the Visiting Scientist Fellowship from the Swedish Institute, Sweden to work at Umea˚ University, Umea˚, Sweden. He received a postdoc fellowship from ICGEB, Italy in 2008. He has made significant contributions on sugarcane viruses and has pub lished 130 national/international papers, authored 17 edited books and presented about 50 papers at national and international conferences. He has been honored as a Fellow of Linnean Society, a Fellow of the Royal Society of Biology, a Fellow of the Society of Plant Research, a Fellow of the Society of Applied Biology (FSAB), and a Fellow of the International Society of Biotechnology (FISBT). He has received many other awards, including the Prof. B.M. Johri memorial Award, Society of Plant Research (SPR); Excellent Teaching Award by Astha Foundation, Meerut; UGC-Research Teacher Award; Young Scientist Award in 2012 in Biotechnology by the Society of Plant Research (SPR), Meerut; and Scientific and Applied Research Center Gold Medal Award in 2011 for outstanding contribution in the field of Biotechnology. He has visited several laborato ries in the United States, Canada, New Zealand, United Kingdom, Thailand, Sweden, and Italy. Currently, he is han dling many national and international grants and international collaborative projects on plant viruses and disease management

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Biotechnology, Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Gorakhpur University, Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh, India

Pradeep Sharma

Dr. Sharma’s research focuses on Agriculture Biotechnology, specifically on the characterization of genes and SSRs for abiotic stresses (drought and heat) and understating the role of epigenetics, Gene silencing and small RNAs in for wheat improvement. He has been associated with several networking projects funded as Agri-Bioinformatics Promotion Program, ACIAR-DST, and DBT-BBSRC, ICAR Networking projects on AMMAS, Cabin and AMAAS schemes etc. He has published 90 peer reviewed papers, editor of six books published in CRC, Elsevier and Academic Press, and 20 book chapters. Dr Sharma has been associated with a recently released bread wheat variety DBW71 and three trait specific genetic and has been awarded with ICAR-Lal Bahadur Shastri Outstanding Young Scientist Award, NAAS- Young Scientist 2007 and ISCA- Pran Vohra Awards. Dr Sharma is Chief Editor of Journal of Cereal Research and editorial of several journals.

Affiliations and Expertise

Principal Scientist (Biotechnology), Division of Crop Improvement, ICAR-Indian Institute of Wheat and Barley Research (IIWBR), Haryana, India

Thomas Hohn

Affiliations and Expertise

Institute of Botany,University of Basel, Switzerland

Ratings and Reviews

Write a review

There are currently no reviews for "Plant Virus-Host Interaction"