Plant Physiology 8

Plant Physiology 8

A Treatise: Nitrogen Metabolism

1st Edition - December 1, 1983

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  • Editor: F.C. Steward
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323149433

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Description

Plant Physiology: A Treatise, Volume VIII: Nitrogen Metabolism focuses on the physiological aspects of nitrogen metabolism in plants. This book considers the descriptive biochemistry by which nitrogen compounds and their reactions are recognized; the way the feasible reactions are assembled into metabolic pathways and cycles that give meaningful purpose and direction to the course of metabolism; and the ongoing fate of nitrogen compounds in relation to ontogeny, growth, and development. This volume is organized into four chapters and begins with an introduction to developments in basic and applied biological nitrogen fixation, focusing on the agriculturally important mechanisms by which atmospheric nitrogen is converted to plant protein. The biology and biochemistry of nitrogen-fixing associations and their practical application in agriculture are discussed, along with nitrogen metabolism in the context of various actual situations in which cells divide and grow and specific plants develop, mature, and reproduce. The next chapter deals with the metabolism and turnover of proteins, citing specific proteins (the enzymes ribulosebisphosphate carboxylase and nitrate reductase and seed protein) as the type cases to illustrate the fate of special proteins through their formation and turnover. The mechanisms and biological settings of protein degradation, as distinct from breakdown during protein turnover, are also covered in detail. This book is intended for teachers, research workers, and students with specific interest in plant physiology.

Table of Contents


  • Contributors to Volume VIII

    Foreword: The New Volumes

    Preface to Volume VIII

    Note on the Use of Plant Names

    Preamble to Chapters One through Four

    Chapter One Developments in Basic and Applied Biological Nitrogen

    I. Economic Importance of Biological Nitrogen Fixation

    II. Mechanisms of Nitrogen Fixation

    III. Metabolic Aspects

    IV. Nitrogen Fixation in Association with Plants

    V. Utilization of Nitrogen-Fixing Systems in Agriculture

    VI. Conclusions

    References

    Chapter Two Nitrogen Metabolism

    I. Introduction: Then and Now

    II. The Extended Range of Nitrogen Compounds in Plants

    III. The Biochemical Reactions of Nitrogen Metabolism in Plants

    IV. Nitrogen Metabolism during Growth and Development

    V. Summary: Perspectives on Nitrogen Metabolism of Selected Plants

    References

    Appendix I. New Amino Acids and Amides Related to the Protein Amino Acids of Plants and Their Free Occurrence

    Appendix II. Amino and Imino Acids and Their Derivatives that Occur Free in Plants

    Appendix III. Substituents on Glutamyl, Carbamoyl, and Guanidino Groups

    Appendix IV. Keto Acids that May Occur in Plants and Their Amino Acid Analogs

    Chapter Three Protein Metabolism

    I. Introduction

    II. Problems of Methodology

    III. Metabolism of Total Protein

    IV. Metabolism of Specific Proteins

    V. Metabolism of Seed Protein

    VI. Protein Degradation

    VII. Conclusions

    References

    Chapter Four Distribution of Metabolites

    I. Introduction

    II. Transport Systems

    III. Identity of Transported Solutes

    IV. Working Units of the Plant's Transport System

    V. Case Histories of Transport Activity in Organ Functioning

    VI. Modeling the Transport and Utilization of Carbon- and Nitrogen-Containing Metabolites in a Whole Plant

    References

    Epilogue: Integration of Energy, Form, and Composition

    Author Index

    Index to Plant Names

    Subject Index


Product details

  • No. of pages: 464
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1983
  • Published: December 1, 1983
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323149433

About the Editor

F.C. Steward

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