Plant Exposure to Engineered Nanoparticles

Plant Exposure to Engineered Nanoparticles

Uptake, Transformation, Molecular and Physiological Responses

1st Edition - July 20, 2022

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  • Editor: Cyren Rico
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323859684
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323850322

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Plant Exposure to Engineered Nanoparticles: Uptake, Transformation, Molecular and Physiological Responses discusses the long-term exposure of plants, including agronomic crops, to nanomaterials in terrestrial environments. Chapters discuss changes in metabolite profiles in plants exposed to engineered nanomaterials, as well as modifications in elemental content of edible portions of plants. Biochemical pathways, root profiles, generational exposure, and biomass productivity are also analyzed in detail. Subsequent chapters cover risks to trophic transfer, as well as human health and ecological functions, before concluding with future approaches to plant-nanomaterial research. The book covers important aspects of the interactions between plant and nanomaterials and will be a valuable resource to scientists and researchers in plant physiology, nanotechnology, agronomy and environmental science.

Key Features

  • Analyzes research on environmental and ecological implications of nanomaterials in plants
  • Includes the latest information on toxicity and human exposure
  • Reviews modifications and alterations in plant expressions and biochemical pathways


Researchers and scientists interested in plant physiology and chemistry, agronomy, nanotechnology and environmental science

Table of Contents

  • Cover image
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • List of contributors
  • Chapter 1. Full life cycle exposure of plants to nanomaterials: impact on productivity
  • Abstract
  • Chapter Outline
  • 1.1 Introduction
  • 1.2 Classification, synthesis, and characterization of nanoparticles
  • 1.3 Exposure of nanoparticles to plants
  • 1.4 Effects of nanoparticles on plant growth and productivity
  • 1.5 Summary
  • References
  • Further reading
  • Chapter 2. Modifications in elemental contents of edible portions of plants exposed to engineered nanomaterials
  • Abstract
  • Chapter Outline
  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 Applications of engineered nanoparticles in agriculture/crop production
  • 2.3 Changes in mineral elements of crop plant tissues under nanoparticle exposure
  • 2.4 Mechanisms of change in tissue minerals as influenced by nanoparticles
  • 2.5 Implications of elemental changes to human health and generational seed vitality
  • 2.6 Summary
  • References
  • Chapter 3. Spontaneous plant species responses to engineered nanoparticles
  • Abstract
  • Chapter Outline
  • 3.1 Engineered nanoparticles and plants
  • 3.2 Engineered nanoparticles in wetlands ecosystems
  • 3.3 Engineered nanoparticles in terrestrial plants
  • 3.4 Effects of CeO2-NPs on three wild plant species
  • 3.5 Summary
  • References
  • Chapter 4. Changes in metabolite profile of plants exposed to engineered nanomaterials
  • Abstract
  • Chapter Outline
  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 Single endpoint analysis of plant metabolites
  • 4.3 Metabolomics in plant-contaminant interaction studies
  • 4.4 Applications of metabolomics in plant-NP interactions studies
  • 4.5 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 5. The importance of system complexity in understanding plant responses to engineered nanoparticles: direct versus indirect effects
  • Abstract
  • Chapter Outline
  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.2 Distinguishing between direct and indirect ENP effects
  • 5.3 Importance of understanding the effects of ENPs on below-ground ecosystems
  • 5.4 Effects of ENPs on soil and rhizosphere organisms
  • 5.5 Higher-level responses: importance of understanding mechanisms
  • 5.6 Summary and future research
  • References
  • Chapter 6. Physiological and molecular responses of plants exposed to engineered nanomaterials
  • Abstract
  • Chapter Outline
  • 6.1 Introduction
  • 6.2 Arabidopsis as a model organism to assess engineered nanomaterials-plant interactions
  • 6.3 Use of engineered nanomaterials to suppress plant disease: gene activation at transcript and protein levels
  • 6.4 Modulations of the enzymatic processes in plants treated with engineered nanomaterials
  • 6.5 Evaluation of infested-plant protein changes using spectroscopic approaches
  • 6.6 Microscopy studies to evaluate impacts in plants exposed to engineered nanomaterials
  • 6.7 Risk assessment and toxicity of engineered nanomaterials
  • 6.8 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 7. Multigenerational exposure of plants to engineered nanoparticles (ENPs)
  • Abstract
  • Chapter Outline
  • 7.1 Introduction
  • 7.2 Cerium oxide nanoparticles (CeO2-NPs)
  • 7.3 Silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs)
  • 7.4 Zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO-NPs)
  • 7.5 Copper oxide nanoparticles (CuO-NPs)
  • 7.6 Titanium oxide nanoparticles (TiO2-NPs)
  • 7.7 Impact of engineered nanoparticles on soil health
  • 7.8 Future research needs
  • Acknowledgment
  • References
  • Chapter 8. Nanomaterial transformation in root–soil interface: a function of root exudate or microbial activity?
  • Abstract
  • Chapter Outline
  • 8.1 Introduction
  • 8.2 Types of nanomaterial transformation in the environment
  • 8.3 Locations of nanomaterial transformation in soil–plant system
  • 8.4 Effect of nanomaterial transformation on uptake and in planta translocation
  • 8.5 Implication of engineered nanomaterial transformation and future research
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 9. Future questions and approaches in plant–nanoparticle research
  • Abstract
  • Chapter Outline
  • 9.1 The present state and the next challenges
  • 9.2 Assessment of exposure and effects to improve the available tools
  • 9.3 Relationships between physico–chemical forms and biological effectiveness
  • 9.4 From reducing adverse effects to smart delivery
  • 9.5 Conclusions
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 276
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2022
  • Published: July 20, 2022
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323859684
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323850322

About the Editor

Cyren Rico

Dr. Cyren Rico is an Assistant Professor at the Department of Chemistry at Missouri State University. Previously, he was a National Research Council Fellow at the US Environmental Protection Agency in Corvallis, Oregon. Dr Rico obtained his PhD in Chemistry from the University of Texas at El Paso in 2014. His dissertation, Effects of cerium oxide nanoparticles on cereals: Insights on toxicity and macromolecular modifications, was supervised by Dr. Jorge L. Gardea-Torresdey. He earned his MS degree in Agriculture from Kyungpook National University, Korea in 2007, and his BS degree in Chemistry from the University of the Philippines Los Baños in 2000. He works on understanding the ecological effects of nanomaterials, and his goal is to build a career in the field of analytical and environmental chemistry.

Affiliations and Expertise

Assistant Professor, Department of Chemistry, Missouri State University; National Research Council Fellow, US Environmental Protection Agency in Corvallis, Oregon, USA

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