Plant Cold Hardiness and Freezing Stress - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780124476028, 9780323143073

Plant Cold Hardiness and Freezing Stress

1st Edition

Mechanisms and Crop Implications

Editors: P.H. Li
eBook ISBN: 9780323143073
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th November 1982
Page Count: 714
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Description

Plant Cold Hardiness and Freezing Stress: Mechanisms and Crop Implications, Volume 2 contains the proceedings of an International Seminar on Plant Cold Hardiness, held at the Sapporo Educational and Cultural Hall, Sapporo, Japan on August 11-14, 1981. Organized into five parts, this book aims to update the fundamental phenomena of plant cold acclimation and freezing behavior, to examine the hypotheses and ideas important to plant cold hardiness research, and to review the application of research findings for improving the quality of life. This volume particularly addresses the cold acclimation, freezing, and other temperature-related stresses in plants. Strategies for improving freezing survival are also presented. This volume will make an additional, significant contribution to researchers involved in understanding and planning research strategies for plant cold hardiness and for attenuating crop losses by frosts and severe winters.

Table of Contents


Contributors

Preface

Contents of Previous Volume

Part I Introduction

Cold Hardiness and Stress Research: An Evolving Agricultural Science

Part II Cold Acclimation

Potato Cold Acclimation

Factors Influencing Hardening and Survival in Winter Wheat

Mechanism of Winter Wheat Hardening at Low Temperature

On the Mechanism of Freezing Injury and Cold Acclimation of Spinach Leaves

A Mechanism for Frost Resistance in Eucalyptus

A Degree Growth Stage (°GS) Model and Cold Acclimation in Temperate Woody Plants

Major Acclimation in Living Bark of September 16 Black Locust Tree Trunk Sections after 5 Weeks at 10°C in the Dark—Evidence for Endogenous Rhythms in Winter Hardening

Influence of Growth at Cold-Hardening Temperature on Protein Structure and Function

Transition of Lipid Metabolism in Relation to Frost Hardiness in Chlorella ellipsoidea

Isoenzymes of Glucose 6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase in Relation to Frost Hardiness in Chlorella ellipsoidea

Effect of Low Temperature on the Glutathione Status of Plant Cells

Sorbitol in Tracheal Sap of Dormant Apple (Malus domestica Borkh.) Shoots as Related to Cold Hardiness

Ultrastructural Changes of Plasma Membrane in Cortical Parenchyma Cells of Mulberry Twig Related to Freezing Tolerance

Part III Freezing Stress

Extraorgan Freezing of Primordial Shoots of Winter Buds of Conifer

Liquid Water during Slow Freezing Based on Cell Water Relations and Limited Experimental Testing

Cell Membrane Alterations Following a Slow Freeze Thaw Cycle: Ion Leakage, Injury, and Recovery

Changes in ATPase Activity during Freezing Injury and Cold Hardening

Freezing-Induced Membrane Alterations: Injury or Adaptation?

Fluorescence Polarization Studies on Plasma Membrane Isolated from Mulberry Bark Tissues

Freezing Response of Plasma Membrane

Surface Labeling and Isolation of Plasma Membrane from Suspension Culture of Brome Grass

Winter Hardiness Limitations and Physiography of Woody Timberline Flora

Characteristics of Freezing Avoidance in Comparison with Freezing Tolerance: A Demonstration of Extraorgan Freezing

Temperature Effects on Acclimation and Deacclimation of Supercooling in Apple Xylem

Supercooling Ability and Cold Hardiness of Rhododendron Flower Buds with Reference to Winter Water Relations

Freezing Avoidance by Supercooling of Tissue Water in Vegetative and Reproductive Structures of Juniperus virginiana

Frost Injury in Supercooled Leaves of Tuber-Bearing Solanum Species

Population Dynamics of Epiphytic Ice Nucleation Active Bacteria on Frost Sensitive Plants and Frost Control by Means of Antagonistic Bacteria

Typology of Freezing Phenomena among Vascular Plants and Evolutionary Trends in Frost Acclimation

Freezing Resistance of Temperate Deciduous Forest Plants in Relation to Their Life Form and Microhabitat

Freezing Resistance and Thermal Indices with Reference to Distribution of the Genus Pinus

Adaptation to Cold Climate of Ferns Native to Hokkaido with Reference to the Alternation of Generations

Cryobiology of Isolated Protoplasts

The Mechanism of Cryoprotection of Biomembrance Systems by Carbohydrates

Possible Involvement of Membrane Fluidity Changes in the Survival of Plant Cultured Cells Exposed to Subfreezing Temperatures in the Presence of DMSO

The Winter Desiccation Damage of Tea Plant in Japan

Transport of Xylem Water in a Thermal Gradient: An Additional Factor Involved in the Development of Winter Desiccation Injury

Part IV Strategies for Improving Freezing Survival

Supercooling and Prunus Flower Bud Hardiness

Modification of Frost Resistance of Fruit Plants by Applied Growth Regulators

Seasonal Variations in Physiological Factors Implicated in Cold Hardiness of Citrus Trees

Freeze Injury and Protection of Citrus in Japan

Inheritance of Cold Hardiness of Tea Plants in Crosses between var. Sinensis and var. Assamica

Energy Forestry and Frost Hardiness

Breeding Wild and Primitive Potato Species to Obtain Frost-Resistant Cultivated Varieties

Recent Advance of Cryopreservation of Apical Meristems

Responses of Several Lines of Rice and Date Palm Callus to Freezing at -196°C

Part V Other Temperature-Related Stresses

Molecular Strategies of Adaptation to High Temperatures: Biochemical Basis of Unusual Heat Stabilities of Cell Components from an Extreme Thermophile

Effect of Temperature on the Activity and Stability of Higher Plant Cytochrome c Oxidase

Index

Details

No. of pages:
714
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1982
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780323143073

About the Editor

P.H. Li