Plant, Chemicals and Growth

Plant, Chemicals and Growth

1st Edition - January 1, 1971

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  • Author: F.C. Steward
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323159296

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Description

Plants, Chemicals and Growth investigates natural and synthetic chemicals that control plant growth and development. It examines how plant growth regulators, such as 2,4-D, 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, 2,4,5-T, 2,4,5-trichlorophenoxyacetic acid, ammonium sulfamate, indole-3-butyric acid, disodium 3,6-endoxohexahydrophthalate, gibberellic acid, and 2-chloroethyltrimethylammonium chloride, induce biological responses in plants. These responses range from tropism and chemotropism to growth of organs by cell division and enlargement, rhythmic phenomena in growth and development, initiation of lateral organs and problems of phyllotaxy, and the regulatory effects of light and temperature on growth and form. Comprised of 10 chapters, this volume begins with an overview of chemical regulators and the ways in which they elicit biological responses in plants; how chemical regulation of plants is related to the growth and development of flowering plants; cell growth and cell division; cell cycle; and cellular ontogeny. It then looks at the history and modern concepts of growth-regulating compounds, such as auxins, cytokinins, and gibberellins. The book introduces readers to how chemicals induce growth in quiescent cells; natural sources of growth stimulatory substances; synergisms and interactions of growth regulatory systems; growth-regulating effects in free cell systems; examples of biologically active compounds; the mechanisms of action of plant growth regulators; concepts and interpretations of plant growth regulation; and prospects and problems associated with chemical regulation of plant growth and behavior. Teachers, biology students, agriculturalists, and researchers will find this book extremely useful.

Table of Contents


  • Preface

    Introduction

    Chapter 1. Some Chemical Regulators: Some Biological Responses

    Chapter 2. The Totipotency of Cells and Their Exogenous Regulation

    The "Division of Labor"

    Cell Growth and Cell Division

    The Cell Cycle

    Cellular Ontogeny

    Growing Regions

    Chapter 3. History and Modern Concepts of Growth-Regulating Substances

    Genesis of the Problem

    Problems of Terminology

    Auxins

    Cytokinins

    Gibberellins

    Chapter 4. The Induction of Growth in Quiescent Cells

    The Onset of Growth in Mature Cells

    Bioassays

    Natural Sources of Growth Stimulatory Substances

    Chapter 5. Some Growth Regulatory Systems

    Synergisms and Interactions

    Responses of Cells in Their Milieu: "Biochemical Ecology"

    Chapter 6. Growth-Regulating Effects in Free Cell Systems: Morphogenesis

    Organized and Unorganized Development of Cultured Cells and Tissues

    The Chemical Control of Unorganized Systems : The Challenge

    Chapter 7. The Range of Biologically Active Compounds

    Indolyl Compounds

    Adenyl Derivatives

    Terpenes and Terpenoids

    Lactones

    Carbamates and Their Derivatives

    Substituted Ureas

    Triazine Compounds

    Hydrazine Derivatives

    Quarternary Ammonium Compounds

    Phosphoniums

    Phenolics

    Hexitols

    Amino Acids and Peptides

    Alkaloids

    Glycosides

    Ethylene and Ethylene-Releasing Agents

    Phthalides

    Alkyl Esters

    Fatty Alcohols

    Aldehydes

    Other Classes of Compounds

    Chapter 8. What Do the Growth-Regulating Substances Do?

    General Approaches

    Controls of Growth versus Controls of Metabolism

    Embryological Controls: Plants versus Animals

    Stimuli and Response: Levels of Manifestation

    Cellular Compartmentation and Integration

    Specific Approaches

    The Role of Adenyl Compounds

    Chapter 9. Concepts and Interpretations of Growth Regulation

    "Plant Hormones" and "Action at a Distance"

    Presentation to the Sites of Action

    Mechanisms of Action

    Concepts Involving Cell Walls in Growth Regulation

    Concepts Relating Auxins and Ethylene

    Concepts Involving Proteins and Nucleic Acids

    Concepts Involving Light and Phytochrome

    Chapter 10. Prospects and Problems

    The Complexity of the System: Its Multivariate Responses

    Growth Regulators and the Tumor Problem

    Chemicals Which Affect Plant Growth : Their Use and Abuse

    Summation

    Bibliography

    Subject Index






Product details

  • No. of pages: 246
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1971
  • Published: January 1, 1971
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323159296

About the Author

F.C. Steward

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