Planning of Subsurface Use

Planning of Subsurface Use

1st Edition - January 1, 1977

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  • Authors: Birger Jansson, Torbjörn Winqvist
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483138695

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Description

Planning of Subsurface Use covers the various factors and aspects that characterize subsurface installations and subsurface construction. The technique of subsurface construction in the form of tunnels and rock cavities has been developed in Sweden to a very high level. This book is composed of 14 chapters and begins with an overview of subsurface construction in Sweden. The next chapters provide the planning details and legal issues in Swedish subsurface construction project. Considerable chapters discuss the importance of responsible planning of the project, with particular emphasis on planning requirements and administrative routines. The final chapters focus on the subsurface installation problems associated with responsibility and compensation for damage.

Table of Contents


  • Foreword

    1. Introduction

    1.1 Limitations and Definitions

    2. Characteristics of Subsurface Planning

    2.1 Geology Imposes Governing Conditions

    2.2 Excavation Techniques

    2.3 Utilization of the Properties of a Cavity

    2.4 Exterior Factors Affect Subsurface Construction

    2.5 The Subsurface Environment

    2.6 Environmental Impact

    2.7 A Rock Cavity cannot be Removed

    2.8 Subsurface Construction is Three-Dimensional

    2.9 Right of Disposition

    2.10 Interaction Between Surface and Subsurface

    3. Overview of Subsurface Construction in Sweden

    3.1 Past and Future

    3.2 The Extent of Subsurface Construction

    3.3 Current Development - Forecast

    4. General Remarks on Planning in Sweden

    4.1 Levels of Planning

    4.1.1 Detail Planning

    4.1.2 Planning of Particular Functions

    4.1.3 Overall Planning

    4.2 Time Aspects of Planning

    4.3 Planning is Carried Out with Differing Degrees of Geographical Detail

    4.4 Participation of the General Public

    4.5 Physical Planning Today

    4.6 Current Revision of the Building Law

    4.7 Subsurface Construction in Planning Procedure

    5. Review of Institutions and Laws Relevant to the Subsurface Sector

    5.1 Activities in the Subsurface Sector at Various Institutions

    5.1.1 Higher Education

    5.1.2 State Schemes

    5.1.3 Research

    5.2 Review of Current Laws and Regulations Concerning the Subsurface

    5.2.1 Planning and Design Stages

    5.2.2 Construction Stage

    5.2.3 Utilization Stage or Operation Period

    5.2.4 Right of Disposition

    5.2.5 Responsibility and Damages

    5.2.6 Official Secrets Legislation

    6. Investigations within the Project

    6.1 The Internal Environment in Subsurface Installations

    6.2 Subsurface Construction in Eight Communities

    6.3 Survey of Three Areas

    7. Why does Subsurface Construction Require Planning?

    7.1 Subsurface Installations Mean Functional Advantages

    7.2 Subsurface Installations can Cause Disturbance and Damage

    7.3 The Responsibility of the Community

    7.4 What are the Defects Today?

    7.4.1 General Views

    7.4.2 Uncertainty Concerning the Responsibility of the Local Authorities

    7.4.3 Defects - Conflicts - Damage

    7.4.4 Implementation Problems

    7.4.5 The Subsurface as an Environment for Human Beings

    8. What Planning should be Carried Out?

    8.1 Detail Planning

    8.1.1 The Present Routine

    8.1.2 Demands Made on Planning

    8.2 Planning for Particular Functions

    8.2.1 Partial Planning of Particular Functions

    8.2.2 Overall Planning of Particular Functions

    8.3 Overall Planning

    8.3.1 The Need for Rules in Overall Planning for Subsurface Construction

    8.3.2 Detail Planning

    8.3.3 Partial Planning

    8.3.4 Other Overall Planning

    9. What is the Required Basis for Planning?

    9.1 Registration

    9.1.1 Facilities

    9.1.2 Protective Zones

    9.1.3 The Risk Zone

    9.1.4 The Security Problem

    9.1.5 The Registration of Geodata

    9.1.6 Mapping of Excavations

    9.1.7 Reforms Required

    9.2 Appraisal of Needs

    9.2.1 The Present Situation

    9.2.2 Desirable Features

    9.2.3 Proposal for Systematic Appraisal of Subsurface Location

    9.2.4 Needs for Reform

    9.3 Geo-Planning

    9.3.1 The Situation Today

    9.3.2 The Content of Geo-Planning

    9.3.3 The Ground-Water Problem

    9.3.4 Geo-Planning at Different Levels

    9.3.5 The Requirements Concerning Standards and Instructions with Reference to Geo-Planning and Design

    9.3.6 The Part Played by the Local Authority in Geo-Planning

    9.3.7 The Content of a Consequence Analysis

    9.3.8 The Handling and Disposal of Surplus Excavated Material

    9.4 Human Beings Underground

    9.4.1 Current Knowledge

    9.4.2 Characteristic Factors

    9.4.3 The Situation Today

    9.4.4 General Reference Outlines for Analysis of the Subsurface Environment

    9.4.5 A Suggestion Concerning the Formulation of Research Requirements

    9.5 Construction Costs

    9.5.1 Conventional Method (Drilling/Blasting)

    9.5.2 Model for General Calculation of Installation Costs in Connection with Subsurface Construction

    9.5.3 Other Tunneling Methods

    9.5.4 Needs for Reforms

    9.6 Cost-Benefit Appraisal

    9.6.1 The Concept of Cost-Benefit

    9.6.2 Comments in Connection with Company Appraisal

    9.6.3 Community Appraisal

    10. What Administrative Routines are Required?

    10.1 The Right to Establish Subsurface Installations

    10.1.1 Requirement for Planning

    10.1.2 The Town Plan

    10.1.3 Overall Planning

    10.1.4 Authority Responsibility

    10.2 The Right of Disposition in the Subsurface

    10.2.1 The Present Situation

    10.2.2 Desired Improvements

    10.3 The Right to Construct Subsurface Cavities

    10.3.1 Valid Regulations

    10.3.2 Experience

    10.3.3 Examination in Connection with Building Permission - Desired Level

    10.3.4 Viewpoints on the Safety Aspect

    10.4 Control Measures

    10.4.1 During the Construction Stage

    10.4.2 Measures in Connection with Operation and Closure

    11. Responsibility and Damages

    11.1 A Description of the Situation Today

    11.2 The Need for Reform

    12. What Sort of Regulations are Required?

    13. How Can Knowledge be Spread and Developed?

    14. References

    Summary

Product details

  • No. of pages: 170
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1977
  • Published: January 1, 1977
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483138695

About the Authors

Birger Jansson

Torbjörn Winqvist

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