Pineal and Retinal Relationships

Pineal and Retinal Relationships

1st Edition - January 28, 1986

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  • Editor: Paul O'Brien
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323149853

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Pineal and Retinal Relationships presents the proceedings of the Symposium on Pineal and Retinal Relationships, held in Sarasota, Florida on May 3–5, 1985. This book looks at the features that the retina of the lateral eyes and the pineal organ share, including biochemical processes, photoreceptive structures, biorhythmic phenomena, and physiological functions. This text also discusses the general and complex concept of photoneuroendocrine systems. Organized into 27 chapters, this book starts with an overview of the basic features of retinal and pineal receptors. It then proceeds with a discussion of the environmental factors that vertebrates use as cue to synchronize their circannual and circadian rhythms by which they adjust their physiological, behavioral, and biochemical functions. Other chapters consider the melatonin synthesis in vertebrates, which allows them to sequence physiological events into closer temporal position with seasonal climatic changes. This book is a valuable resource to optometrist, neurologist, neurosurgeons, photobiologists, ophthalmologists, and eye care professionals.

Table of Contents

  • Preface

    Historical Perspectives of Photoneuroendocrine Systems

    Multiple Cell Types in the Pineal: Functional Aspects

    Photoneurophysiology of Pinealocytes

    Turnover of Pineal Photoreceptive Membranes in the Frog, Rana esculenta Complex

    Regulation of Teleost Retinomotor Movements by Cyclic AMP, Calcium, and Dopamine

    Circadian Photoreceptor Outer Segment Disc Shedding in the Rat

    Indole Biochemistry in Pineal and Retinal Mechanisms

    Melatonin in Vertebrates: Arguments for Local Functions and Hormonal Effects

    Multiple Aromatic Amine TV-Acetyltransferases in the Pineal Gland

    Localization of Melatonin Synthesis and Binding in the Vertebrate Retina

    Melatonin and 7V-Acetyltransferase Rhythms in Pineal and Retina

    Rhythms of Melatonin Biosynthesis in Retina: Involvement of Calcium, Cyclic A M P and Dopamine in the Regulation of Serotonin N-Acetyltransferase

    Melatonin and Dopamine Interactions in the Regulation of Rhythmic Photoreceptor Metabolism

    Modulation of Dopaminergic Activity by Melatonin in Retina

    The Influence of Light Irradiance and Wavelength on Pineal Physiology of Mammals

    The Suprachiasmatic Nucleus (SCN) as a Site of the Circadian Pacemaker in Mammals

    Adrenergic Regulation of Cyclic A M P and Cyclic GMP in Rat Pinealocytes

    Retinal S Antigen, An Overview

    Pineal Gland in S-Antigen Induced Experimental Autoimmune Uveitis

    Isolation of cDNAs for Bovine S-Antigen

    S-Antigen Immunocytochemistry

    Effects of Continuous Light Exposure on Pinealitis Induced by Retinal Soluble Antigen

    Interphotoreceptor Retinoid-Binding Protein: A Link between Retinal Rod Photoreceptor Cells and Pineal Gland

    Interstitial Retinol-Binding Protein (IRBP) in Rat and Bovine Pineal Organs: Evolutionary Vestige or Functional Molecule?

    Electron Microscopic Localization of Immunoreactive Opsin in the Pineal Organ

    Structure of Transducin and Its Relationship to Cellular Guanine Nucleotide-Binding Proteins

    Light Activation of Phospholipase C in Frog Rod Outer Segments


Product details

  • No. of pages: 452
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1986
  • Published: January 28, 1986
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323149853

About the Editor

Paul O'Brien

Paul G. O’Brien is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering, York University, Canada and has extensive experience working in leading research labs based in materials, mechanical, electrical and chemical engineering, and the chemical sciences. His interdisciplinary research efforts focus on the application of expertise from these fields to develop solutions for the realization of a transition to clean energy. Dr. O’Brien has authored over thirty-five papers in the area of materials and energy. He is the founder of the Advanced Materials for Sustainable Energy Technologies Laboratory at York University, where he and his students continue to innovate and advance clean energy solutions.

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Mechanical Engineering, York University, Canada

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