Plankton and Productivity in The Oceans

2nd Edition - January 1, 1980

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  • Author: John E. G. Raymont
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483146812

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Plankton and Productivity in the Oceans, Second Edition, Volume 1: Phytoplankton presents the different varieties of phytoplankton and nanoplankton forms; the types and temporal changes in phytoplankton communities; and the primary production of planktonic algae in the seas. Chapters discuss the physical and chemical characteristics of the marine environment in relation to plankton production; planktonic community temporal and spatial variations; and the taxonomy, horizontal and vertical distribution, and communities of zooplankton. The book will be of prime us to marine biologists.

Table of Contents

  • Contents



    Chapter 1 Physical Aspects of the Oceanic Environment*

    Heat Balance of the Ocean

    Temperature Cycles

    Diurnal Cycle

    Annual Cycle

    Vertical Temperature Distribution

    Water Budget of the Ocean

    T-S Diagrams and the Deep Ocean Circulation

    Surface Ocean Circulation

    The Gulf Stream 21 North Pacific Ocean

    The Antarctic Convergence


    Coastal Areas: The North Sea


    Chapter 2 Chemical Composition and Characteristics of Seawater

    Processes of Supply and Removal of Constituents in the Ocean

    Particulate and Dissolved Material in Seawater

    Salinity and Chlorinity

    Major Dissolved Constituents

    Dissolved and Particulate Organic Material

    Dissolved Gases other than Carbon Dioxide

    Redox Potential

    Carbon Dioxide and the Carbonate System

    Micronutrient Elements and their Relationships with Oxygen: Anoxic Conditions

    Minor Elements

    Chapter 3 Primary Production

    Chemo-autotrophic Production

    Photo-autotrophic Production

    Photosynthetic Pigments

    Dark (Heterotrophic) Fixation of Carbon Dioxide

    Products of Photosynthesis

    Factors influencing Photosynthesis

    Growth and Photosynthesis

    The Applicability of Culture Experiments

    Compensation Intensity

    Phytoplankton Respiration

    Excretion by Algae

    Primary Production and Depth in the Marine Environment

    Chapter 4 The Algae of the Phytoplankton

    A Review of the Major Classes

    1. Cyanophyceae

    2. Rhodophyceae

    3. Phaeophyceae

    4. Chlorophyceae

    5. Prasinophyceae

    6. Chrysophyceae

    7. Haptophyceae

    8. Craspedophyceae

    9. Xanthophyceae

    10. Bacillariophyceae

    11. Pyrrophyceae

    12. Cryptophyceae

    13. Euglenophyceae

    The Biochemical Composition of Algae

    Chapter 5 Phytoplankton Crop

    Methods of Assessment

    Regional Differences in Crop

    Temporal Variations in Crop

    Species Diversity

    Communities and Species Succession

    Phytoplankton of Warmer Seas

    Estuarine Phytoplankton of Temperate Regions

    Phytoplankton of High Latitudes

    Phytoplankton of Boreal Waters

    Coccolithophorids and the Nanoplankton

    Chapter 6 Factors Limiting Primary Production: Light and Temperature

    Incident Light and its Transmission in Seawater

    Methods for Measuring the Attenuation of Light and Variation in Transparency in the Sea

    Quality of Transmitted Light in the Sea

    Light and Seasonal Effects

    Significance of Ice Flora

    Light and Regional Differences in Crop and Production

    Stability and Temperature: Turbidity

    Stratification and the Vertical Distribution of Phytoplankton

    Chapter 7 Factors Limiting Primary Production: Nutrients*

    Forms of the Principal Micronutrients and their Interconversions in Seawater




    The Distribution of the Principal Micronutrients and the Processes by which They Arise

    Utilization of Nutrients by Phytoplankton

    Availability and Utilization of Different Forms of Combined Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Silicon

    Relative Utilization of Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Silicon

    Kinetics of Uptake of Nutrients by Phytoplankton

    Nutrient Uptake and Phytoplankton Growth

    Nutrient Limitation and Competition Between Species

    Diffusion Transport of Nutrients in Relation to Phytoplankton Growth

    Environmental Relationships between Concentrations of Nutrients and Primary Productivity

    Trace Substances other than Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Silicon

    Chapter 8 Factors Limiting Primary Production: Grazing

    Zooplankton Grazing

    Grazing in Mathematical Simulation

    Time Delays in Phytoplankton and Zooplankton Production: Seasonal Variations

    Selective Feeding

    Artificial Plankton Ecosystems

    Chapter 9 Primary Production: Global Considerations

    Methods for Measuring Primary Production in the Oceans

    Regional Differences in Primary Production

    1. Tropical and Sub-Tropical Seas

    2. Temperate Latitudes

    3. Upwelling Areas

    4. High Latitudes

    5. Summary of Regional Production

    Transfer Efficiency



Product details

  • No. of pages: 504
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1980
  • Published: January 1, 1980
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483146812

About the Author

John E. G. Raymont

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