Physiology of the Amphibia

Physiology of the Amphibia

1st Edition - January 1, 1976

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  • Editor: Brian Lofts
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323143790

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Description

Physiology of the Amphibia, Volume III consists of 10 chapters beginning with a discussion on amphibian color changes and the various aspects of the molting cycle. Possessing a skin more suitable for life in the water, the amphibians need to prevent excessive water loss from their body to the environment; hence, an additional mechanism for reducing the hazards of desiccation in many anuran species is described. This book also tackles the physiology of amphibian cells in culture. Furthermore, the animals' nervous, visual, and auditory systems; their immunity; and metamorphosis are explained in this text. This reference will be useful to general biologists and to students with interests in animal physiology.

Table of Contents


  • Contributors

    Preface

    Contents of Previous Volumes

    1. Color Change

    I. Introduction

    II. The Nature of Chromatophores

    III. The Control of Color Change

    IV. Mechanisms of Hormone Action on Pigment Cells

    V. Cellular Associations in Color Change

    VI. Conclusions and Perspectives

    References

    2. Physiology of Molting

    I. Introduction

    II. Frequency of Molting

    III. General Aspects of Hormonal Control

    IV. Phases of the Molting Cycle

    V. Control of the Molting Frequency

    VI. Water Permeability and Ion Transport in Relation to Molting

    VII. Molting and Desquamation in Other Vertebrates

    VIII. Biological Significance of Molting

    IX. Appendix

    References

    3. Ground Substance: an Anuran Defense Against Desiccation

    I. Introduction

    II. Morphology and Distribution

    III. Conclusions

    References

    4. The Physiology of Amphibian Cells in Culture

    I. Introduction

    II. Stability of Cell Type

    III. Physical Parameters Which Affect Cell Growth

    IV. Metabolism of Cultured Cells

    V. Special Studies

    VI. Culture Methods

    VII. Available Cell Lines and Their Sources

    References

    5. Immune Mechanisms

    I. Introduction

    II. Histogenesis and Anatomy of the Immune System

    III. Adult Cervical Organs in Rana catesbeiana

    IV. Immunological Tolerance and Development of Immunity in Larval Anurans

    V. Transplantation Immunity in Larval Anurans

    VI. Role of the Thymus Gland: Transplantation Immunity

    VII. Transplantation Immunity in Adult Urodeles

    VIII. Transplantation Immunity In Adult Caecilians (Apoda)

    IX. Cellular Immunity

    X. Lymphoid Organ Response to Antigen

    XI. Ontogenetic Emergence of Immunoglobulins in Anuran Larvae

    XII. Antibody Synthesis in Adults

    XIII. Immunoglobulin Characteristics in Adult Anurans

    XIV. Tumors of the Lymphoid System

    XV. New Approach to Relationship between the Thymus, Other Lymphoid Organs, and the Endocrine System

    XVI. Summary

    References

    6. Pathology in the Amphibia

    I. Introduction

    II. Developmental Abnormalities

    III. Infectious Diseases

    IV. Protozoal Infestations

    V. Infestation by Helminths

    VI. Leeches, Flies, and Crustaceans

    VII. Fungal Infection

    VIII. Tumors

    IX. Conclusion

    References

    7. The Nervous System

    I. Introduction

    II. Development and Experimental Embryology

    III. Structural Elements of the Central Nervous System

    IV. Functional Morphology

    V. Motor Apparatus and Reflex Arcs (Effector Systems)

    VI. Olfactory System

    VII. Visual System

    VIII. Lateral-Line and Vestibular Systems

    IX. Gustatory and Chemoreceptive Systems

    X. Autonomic System

    XI. Neuroendocrine Systems

    XII. Ventricular System, Ependymal Lining, and Circumventricular Organs

    XIII. Choroid Plexuses

    XIV. Paraphysis

    XV. Final Conclusions: Causal Relationships between Structure and Function

    References

    8. The Visual System

    I. Introduction

    II. The Retina: First-Order Processing

    III. Behavioral Correlates of Retinal-Tectal Selectivity

    IV. Functions of the Optic Tectum

    V. Ipsilateral Tectal Units

    VI. Subtectal Regions: Multimodal Integration

    VII. Visual Function of the Dorsal Thalamus

    VIII. Concluding Remarks

    References

    9. The Auditory System

    I. Introduction

    II. Sound Communication in Anurans

    III. Auditory Receptor Organization

    IV. Auditory Pathways

    V. Auditory Neurophysiological Studies

    References

    10. The Biology of Metamorphosis

    I. Introduction

    II. The Biological Significance of Metamorphosis

    III. The Scope of Metamorphosis

    IV. Staging of Anuran Development: Normal Tables

    V. Endocrine Aspects of Metamorphosis

    VI. Endocrine Aspects of Neoteny

    VII. Survey of Metamorphic Transformations

    VIII. Environmental Aspects of Metamorphosis

    IX. Theories of Metamorphosis

    References

    Author Index

    Species Index

    Subject Index






Product details

  • No. of pages: 658
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1976
  • Published: January 1, 1976
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323143790

About the Editor

Brian Lofts

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