Physiology of Elasmobranch Fishes: Internal Processes

Physiology of Elasmobranch Fishes: Internal Processes

1st Edition - November 16, 2015

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  • Editors: Robert Shadwick, Anthony Farrell, Colin Brauner
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128014370
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780128012864

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Fish Physiology: Physiology of Elasmobranch Fishes, Volume 34B is a useful reference for fish physiologists, biologists, ecologists, and conservation biologists. Following an increase in research on elasmobranchs due to the plight of sharks in today’s oceans, this volume compares elasmobranchs to other groups of fish, highlights areas of interest for future research, and offers perspective on future problems. Covering measurements and lab-and-field based studies of large pelagic sharks, this volume is a natural addition to the renowned Fish Physiology series.

Key Features

  • Provides needed comprehensive content on the physiology of elasmobranchs
  • Offers a systems approach between structure and interaction with the environment and internal physiology
  • Contains contributions by leading experts in their respective fields, under the guidance of internationally recognized and highly respected editors
  • Highlights areas of interest for future research, including perspective on future problems


Researchers in zoology, marine biology, fish physiology, comparative physiology, and ecology; applied researchers in conservation biology; as well as students and academics in these areas.

Table of Contents

    • Contents of Physiology of Elasmobranch Fishes: Structure and Interaction with Environment, Volume 34A
    • Preface
    • List of Abbreviations
    • 1. Elasmobranch Cardiovascular System
      • 1 Introduction
      • 2 Cardiovascular Function and Energetics
      • 3 Factors Controlling and Effecting Cardiovascular Function
      • 4 Signaling Mechanisms Effecting Blood Vessel Diameter
      • 5 The Action Potential and Excitation-Contraction (EC) Coupling in Elasmobranch Hearts: The Influences of Environmental, Biochemical, and Molecular Factors
      • 6 Practical Applications: Physiology in the Service of Elasmobranch Conservation
      • 7 Summary
      • Acknowledgments
      • References
    • 2. Control of Breathing in Elasmobranchs
      • 1 Introduction
      • 2 Ventilation: Efferent Motor Output to the Respiratory Muscles
      • 3 Central Respiratory Rhythm Generation: The Source of the Motor Output
      • 4 The Respiratory Pattern: The Conditional Nature of the Output
      • 5 Relationships Between Ventilation and Heart Rate
      • 6 Afferent Input
      • 7 Conclusions
      • References
    • 3. Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide Transport in Elasmobranchs
      • 1 Introduction
      • 2 Blood-Oxygen Transport
      • 3 Transport and Elimination of Carbon Dioxide
      • 4 Conclusions and Perspectives
      • References
    • 4. Organic Osmolytes in Elasmobranchs
      • 1 Introduction
      • 2 Osmoconformers Versus Osmoregulators
      • 3 Properties of Organic Osmolytes
      • 4 Metabolism and Regulation
      • 5 Evolutionary Considerations
      • 6 Knowledge Gaps and Future Directions
      • References
    • 5. Regulation of Ions, Acid–Base, and Nitrogenous Wastes in Elasmobranchs
      • 1 Introduction
      • 2 Ionoregulation
      • 3 Acid–Base Balance
      • 4 Nitrogenous Wastes
      • 5 Concluding Remarks
      • Acknowledgments
      • References
    • 6. Feeding and Digestion in Elasmobranchs: Tying Diet and Physiology Together
      • 1 Introduction
      • 2 Feeding Habits of Elasmobranchs
      • 3 Elasmobranch Gastrointestinal Tract Anatomy
      • 4 Digestive Enzymes and Secretions
      • 5 Effects of Digestion on Homeostasis
      • 6 Future Perspectives
      • Acknowledgments
      • References
    • 7. Metabolism of Elasmobranchs (Jaws II)
      • 1 Introduction
      • 2 Evolutionary Context
      • 3 Diet and Digestion
      • 4 Oxidative Metabolism
      • 5 Carbohydrate Metabolism
      • 6 Nitrogen Metabolism
      • 7 Lipid and Ketone Body Metabolism
      • 8 Vitamin Metabolism
      • 9 Xenobiotic Metabolism
      • 10 Conclusions and Perspectives
      • References
    • 8. Endocrine Systems in Elasmobranchs
      • 1 Introduction
      • 2 Pituitary Gland
      • 3 Corticosteroids and Catecholamines
      • 4 Gastro-Entero-Pancreatic Hormones
      • 5 The Heart as an Endocrine Gland
      • 6 The Kidney as an Endocrine Gland
      • 7 The Pineal
      • 8 Calcium Regulation
      • 9 Conclusions and Perspectives
      • Acknowledgments
      • References
    • Index
    • Other Volumes in the Fish Physiology Series

Product details

  • No. of pages: 580
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2015
  • Published: November 16, 2015
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128014370
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780128012864

About the Editors

Robert Shadwick

Affiliations and Expertise

Canada Research Chair, Department of Zoology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver B.C., Canada

Anthony Farrell

Anthony Farrell
Dr. Tony Farrell is a professor in the Department of Zoology & Faculty of Land and Food Systems at the University of British Columbia and a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada. His research had provided an understanding of fish cardiorespiratory systems and has applied this knowledge to salmon migratory passage, fish stress handling and their recovery, sustainable aquaculture and aquatic toxicology. He has over 470 research publications in peer-reviewed scientific journals and an h-factor of 92. He has co-edited of 30 volumes of the Fish Physiology series, as well as an award-winning Encyclopedia of Fish Physiology. As part of his application of physiology to aquaculture, he has studied the sub-lethal impacts of sea lice and piscine orthoreovirus on the physiology of juvenile salmon. Dr. Farrell has received multiple awards, including the Fry Medal, which is the highest honour to a scientist from the Canadian Society of Zoologists, the Beverton Medal, which is the highest honour to a scientist from the Fisheries Society of the British Isles, the Award of Excellence, which is the highest honour of the American Fisheries Society and the Murray A. Newman Awards both for Research and for Conservation from the Vancouver Marine Sciences Centre. He is a former President of the Society of Experimental Biologists and a former Editor-in-Chief for the Journal of Fish Biology. He served as a member of the Minister’s Aquaculture Advisory Committee on Finfish Aquaculture for British Columbia and was a member of the Federal Independent Expert Panel on Aquaculture Science.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor, Department of Zoology and Faculty of Land and Food Systems, University of British Columbia and Fellow, Royal Society of Canada, Vancouver, Canada

Colin Brauner

Colin Brauner
Dr. Colin Brauner was educated in Canada at the University of British Columbia (Ph D), followed by a Post-doctoral fellowship at Aarhus University and the University of Southern Denmark, and was a Research Associate at McMaster University. He is a Professor of Zoology, UBC and Director of the UBC Aquatics Facility. He has been a Co-Editor of the Fish Physiology series since 2006. His research investigates environmental adaptations (both mechanistic and evolutionary) in relation to gas-exchange, acid-base balance and ion regulation in fish, integrating responses from the molecular, cellular and organismal level. The ultimate goal is to understand how evolutionary pressures have shaped physiological systems among vertebrates and to determine the degree to which physiological systems can adapt/acclimate to natural and anthropogenic environmental changes. This information is crucial for basic biology and understanding the diversity of biological systems, but much of his research conducted to date can also be applied to issues of aquaculture, toxicology and water quality criteria development, as well as fisheries management. His achievements have been recognized by the Society for Experimental Biology, UK (President’s medal) and the Canadian Conference for Fisheries Research (J.C. Stevenson Memorial Lecturer) and the Vancouver Marine Sciences Centre (Murray A. Newman Award for Aquatic Research). He is a former President of the Canadian Society of Zoologists.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor of Zoology, UBC and Director of the UBC Aquatics Facility, Canada

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