Physiological Mechanisms Of Marine Pollutant Toxicity

Physiological Mechanisms Of Marine Pollutant Toxicity

1st Edition - January 28, 1982

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  • Editor: Winona Vernberg
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323145404

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Description

Physiological Mechanisms of Marine Pollutant Toxicity contains the proceedings of a symposium on ""Pollution and Marine Organisms"" held at the University of South Carolina in Columbia, South Carolina, on November 30 to December 3, 1981. It explores the effects of pollutants, such as petroleum hydrocarbons, heavy metals, and pesticides, on the physiology of marine organisms, along with the functional aspects of detoxification and the environmental health implications of pollution. Organized into three sections encompassing 24 chapters, this volume begins with a discussion of subcellular accumulation and detoxification of metals in aquatic animals such as fishes, crabs, and polychaetes. The reader is then introduced to the physiological mechanisms of pollutant toxicity, including the sublethal effects of pollutants on the gill morphology of the scallop, Placopecten magellanicus; mechanisms underlying the tolerance of killifish embryos to heavy metals; increased sensitivity of smolts in seawater to petroleum hydrocarbons, such as toluene and naphthalene; and physiological effects of sublethal concentrations of benzene and dimethylnaphthalene on blue crab juveniles. The book concludes by outlining research directions for linking cause and effect concerning pollution and marine organisms. This book will be a valuable resource for marine scientists, ecologists, and students.

Table of Contents


  • Contributors

    Preface

    Section I Functional Aspects of Detoxification

    Subcellular Accumulation and Detoxication of Metals in Aquatic Animals

    Toxic and Adaptive Response to Copper by the Sabellid Polychaete, Eudistylia vancouveri

    Mercury-Binding Proteins of Mytilus edulis

    Detoxification of Accumulated Trace Metals by the American Oyster, Crassostrea virginica: Laboratory vs. Environment

    Effect of Cadmium on Glutathione Content of Mullet (Mugil cephalus) Tissues

    Biochemical Responses of the Blue Crab, Callinectes sapidus, to Pentachlorophenol

    Cytochrome P-450 Dependent Mixed-Function Oxygenase Systems in Marsh Crabs

    Metabolism and Clearance of Phenolic and Mono-, Di-, and Polynuclear Aromatic Hydrocarbons by Dolly Varden Char

    Contaminants in White Croakers Genyonemus lineatus (Ayres, 1855) from the Southern California Bight: I. Trace Metal Detoxification/Toxification

    Contaminants in White Croakers Genyonemus lineatus (Ayres, 1855) from the Southern California Bight: II. Chlorinated Hydrocarbon Detoxification/Toxification

    Contaminants in White Croakers Genyonemus lineatus (Ayres, 1855) from the Southern California Bight: III. Histopathology

    Section II Physiological Mechanisms of Pollutant Toxicity

    Effects of Sublethal Concentrations of the Drilling Mud Components Attapulgite and Q-Broxin on the Structure and Function of the Gill of the Scallop, Placopecten magellanicus (Gmelin)

    The Use of Bioenergetics to Investigate the Mechanisms of Pollutant Toxicity in Crustacean Larvae

    Stoichiometry and Functional Consequences of Hg (II) and Cd (II) Binding to Arthropod Hemocyanins

    Investigations into Mechanisms of Heavy Metal Tolerance in Killifish (Fundulus heteroclitus) Embryos

    Sensitivity and Osmoregulation of Coho Salmon, Oncorhynchus kisutch, Exposed to Toluene and Naphthalene at Different Salinities

    The Effects of Benzene and Dimethylnaphthalene on Physiological Processes in Juveniles of the Blue Crab, Callinectes sapidus

    Toxicity and Accumulation of Naphthalene in the Mysid Neomysis americana (Smith) and Effects of Environmental Temperature

    Physiological and Histopathological Evaluation of Dithiocarbamate Toxicity to the Grass Shrimp, Palaemonetes pugio

    Interrelationships between Energy Metabolism, Growth Dynamics, and Reproduction during the Life Cycle of Mysidopsis bahia as Influenced by Sublethal Endrin Exposure

    Physiological Effects of Petroleum Hydrocarbons on Larval Lobsters (Homarus americanus): Hydrocarbon Accumulation and Interference with Lipid Metabolism

    Section III Environmental Health Implications

    Impacts of Water Chlorination and Coliform Bacteria on the American Oyster, Crassostrea virginica (Gmelin)

    Kinetics and Distribution of Multiple Environmental Toxicants

    Research Directions for Linking Cause and Effect: Opportunities and Pitfalls

    Index






Product details

  • No. of pages: 578
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1982
  • Published: January 28, 1982
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323145404

About the Editor

Winona Vernberg

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