Physics for O.N.C. Courses

Physics for O.N.C. Courses

1st Edition - January 1, 1970

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  • Author: R.A. Edwards
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483136868

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Description

Physics for O.N.C. Courses is a textbook that aims to serve the specific needs of science and engineering students at Ordinary National Certificate (ONC) level in physics. Topics covered range from surface tension and viscosity to gas laws and the specific heats of gases, sources of sound and sound waves, and spherical mirrors. Lenses, the eye, refraction at plane surfaces, and dispersion of light are also discussed. This book is comprised of 27 chapters and opens with a review of some basic principles and concepts in physics such as mass, force, and weight; work, energy, and power; states of matter; density and specific gravity; and pressure and diffusion. The reader is then introduced to surface tension, viscosity, the nature of heat, and elementary thermometry. Thermal expansion, heat quantity and its measurement, and properties of gases are also discussed, along with thermal radiation and wave motion. The remaining chapters focus on vapors and vapor pressure; thermal conductivity; vibrations of strings and rods; frequency and velocity of sound; sound intensity and the Doppler effect; and elementary principles of geometric optics. The final chapter is devoted to the fundamentals of atomic and radiation physics. This monograph will be a valuable resource for physicists, physics teachers, and science and engineering students at ONC level in physics.

Table of Contents


  • Preface

    1. Mechanics: A Review of Some Basic Principles

    1.1. Mass, Force and Weight

    1.2. Work, Energy and Power

    1.3. The States of Matter

    1.4. Density and Specific Gravity

    1.5. Pressure

    1.6. Diffusion

    Exercises

    2. Surface Tension

    2.1. The Nature of Surface Tension

    2.2. Quantitative Measure of Surface Tension

    2.3. Angle of Contact

    2.4. Pressure Change across Curved Liquid Surface

    2.5. Rise of Liquids in Capillary Tubes

    2.6. Experimental Determination of Surface Tension

    Exercises

    3. Viscosity

    3.1. Laminar Flow. Coefficient of Viscosity

    3.2. Laminar Flow through Tubes. Poiseuille's Formula

    3.3. Stokes' Law

    3.4. Viscometers

    3.5. Viscosity and Lubrication

    3.6. Turbulence. Critical Velocity

    Exercises

    4. The Nature of Heat

    4.1. Heat and Temperature

    4.2. Equivalence of Heat and Energy

    4.3. Radiant Heat

    5. Elementary Thermometry

    5.1. The Liquid-in-Glass Thermometer

    5.2. The Constant-Pressure Gas Thermometer

    5.3. The Constant-Volume Gas Thermometer

    5.4. The Platinum-Resistance Thermometer

    5.5. Thermoelectric Thermometers

    Exercises

    6. Thermal Expansion

    6.1. Introduction

    6.2. The Linear Expansion of Solids

    6.3. Experimental Determination of Coefficients of Linear Expansion

    6.4. Surface Expansion of Solids—Area or Superficial Expansion Coefficient

    6.5. Volume or Cubical Expansion of Solids

    6.6. The Expansion of Liquids

    6.7. Experimental Determination of the Coefficient of Expansion for Liquids

    6.8. Thermostats

    Exercises

    7. The Measurement of Heat Quantity

    7.1. Specific Heat

    7.2. The Experimental Determination of Specific Heats. Calorimetry

    7.3. Latent Heat

    7.4. Calorific Value of Fuels. Fuel Calorimetry

    Exercises

    8. Gases (I)

    8.1. The Gas Laws

    8.2. The Absolute Temperature Scale. The Perfect Gas Equation

    8.3. Measurement of αp by a Simple Method (Verification of Charles' Law)

    8.4. The Kinetic Theory of Gases

    Exercises

    9. Gases (II)

    9.1. The Specific Heats of Gases

    9.2. The Experimental Determination of cp and cv

    9.3. The First Law of Thermodynamics

    9.4. Isothermal and Adiabatic Changes

    9.5. Relationship between Pressure, Volume and Temperature for Adiabatic Changes

    9.6. Kinetic Theory and the Ratio of Specific Heats

    Exercises

    10. Vapors and Vapor Pressure

    10.1. Evaporation

    10.2. Vapor Pressure. Properties of Vapors

    10.3. Variation of s.v.p. with Temperature

    10.4. Gases and Vapors. The Critical Temperature

    10.5. Dalton's Law of Partial Pressures

    10.6. Relative Humidity

    10.7. Hygrometers

    Exercises

    11. Thermal Conductivity

    11.1. The Transmission of Heat

    11.2. The Coefficient of Thermal Conductivity

    11.3. Experimental Determination of Conductivity Coefficients

    11.4. Conduction and the Kinetic Theory of Matter

    Exercises

    12. Wave Motion

    12.1. Vibrations and Waves. Basic Definitions

    12.2. Transverse and Longitudinal Waves

    12.3. Equation of a Plane, Progressive s.h. Wave

    12.4. General Properties of Wave Motion

    Exercises

    13. Sources of Sound and Sound Waves

    13.1. Characteristics of Sounds

    13.2. Musical Intervals. Harmonics and Overtones

    13.3. Sound Waves

    13.4. Stationary Waves

    13.5. Vibration of Air in Pipes

    13.6. Measurement of Wavelength and Velocity of Sound in a Pipe by Resonance Tube Method

    Exercises

    14. Vibrations of Strings and Rods

    14.1. Transverse Vibrations of Strings

    14.2. Longitudinal Vibrations in Solids

    Exercises

    15. The Measurement of Frequency and Velocity of Sound

    15.1. The Absolute Determination of Frequency

    15.2. The Combination of Two Simple Harmonic Vibrations at Right Angles

    15.3. Measurement of the Velocity of Sound

    Exercises

    16. Measurement of Sound Intensity. Recording and Reproduction. The Doppler Effect

    16.1. Measurement of Sound Intensity

    16.2. The Recording and Reproduction of Sound

    16.3. The Acoustic Design of Rooms and Auditoria

    16.4. The Doppler Elect

    Exercises

    17. Thermal Radiation

    17.1. Electromagnetic Radiation

    17.2. The Electromagnetic Spectrum

    17.3. The Detection and Measurement of Thermal Radiation

    17.4. Some General Properties of Thermal Radiation

    17.5. Emissive Power and Absorptive Power. Kirchhol's Law

    17.6. The Black Body. Black-body or Full Radiation

    17.7. Energy Distribution among Wavelengths. Wien's Law

    17.8. Pyrometers. The Measurement of High Temperatures

    Exercises

    18. Elementary Principles of Geometric Optics

    18.1. The Rectilinear Propagation of Light

    18.2. The Reflection of Light

    18.3. The Refraction of Light

    Exercises

    19. Spherical Mirrors

    19.1. Definition of Terms

    19.2. The Formation of Images by Spherical Mirrors

    19.3. Determination of Position and Size of Image. Use of Formula and Scale Drawings

    19.4. Measurement of Focal Lengths and Radii of Curvature

    19.5. Spherical Aberration

    19.6. Uses of Spherical Mirrors

    Exercises

    20. Refraction at Plane Surfaces

    20.1. Real and Apparent Depth

    20.2. Refraction through Triangular Prisms

    20.3. Mirages

    20.4. The Measurements of Refractive Indices

    Exercises

    21. Lenses

    21.1. Definition of Terms

    21.2. Refraction at a Spherical Surface

    21.3. Image Formation by Lenses

    21.4. Measurement of Focal Lengths of Lenses

    21.5. Measurement of Radius of Curvature of a Lens Surface—Boys' Method

    21.6. Defects of Lenses

    Exercises

    22. The Eye. Defects of Vision and Optical Instruments

    22.1. Structure of the Eye

    22.2. The Eye and Vision

    22.3. Defects of Vision

    22.4. Microscopes and Telescopes

    22.5. Cameras and Projectors

    Exercises

    23. Dispersion of Light. Spectra and the Spectrometer

    23.1. The Visible Spectrum

    23.2. Characteristic Spectra

    23.3. Angular Dispersion. Dispersive Power

    23.4. Achromatic Combinations of Prisms

    23.5. Achromatic Lenses

    23.6. The Spectrometer

    Exercises

    24. The Wave Nature of Light

    24.1. Huygens' Wave Theory

    24.2. Diffraction

    24.3. Interference in Light

    24.4. Double Refraction and Polarized Light

    Exercises

    25. Illumination and Photometry

    25.1. Luminous Intensity

    25.2. Luminous Flux

    25.3. Illumination

    25.4. Lambert's Cosine Law of Emission; Luminance; the Lambert

    25.5. Photometers

    25.6. Photoelectric Photometry

    Exercises

    26. Measurement of the Speed of Light

    26.1. Early Methods

    26.2. Fizeau's Method

    26.3. Foucault's Method

    26.4. Michelson's Rotating Octagonal Prism Method

    26.5. The Kerr Cell Method

    26.6. Significance of the Value of c

    26.7. The Doppler Effect in Light

    Exercise

    27. Fundamentals of Atomic and Radiation Physics

    27.1. Atomic Structure and the Periodic Table

    27.2. Atomic Spectra

    27.3. X-Rays

    27.4. Radioactivity

    Exercises

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 550
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1970
  • Published: January 1, 1970
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483136868

About the Author

R.A. Edwards

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