Physics and Chemistry of the Solar System

Physics and Chemistry of the Solar System

1st Edition - June 27, 1995

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  • Author: John S. Lewis
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483214139

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Description

Physics and Chemistry of the Solar System is a broad survey of the Solar System. The book discusses the general properties and environment of our planetary system, including the astronomical perspective, the general description of the solar system and of the sun and the solar nebula). The text also describes the solar system beyond mars, including the major planets; pluto and the icy satellites of the outer planets; the comets and meteors; and the meteorites and asteroids. The inner solar system, including the airless rocky bodies; mars, venus, and earth; and planets and life about other stars, is also encompassed. Mathematicians, chemists, physicists, geologists, astronomers, meteorologists, and biologists will find the book useful.

Table of Contents


  • Preface

    I Introduction

    Nature and Scope of Planetary Science

    Guide to the Literature

    II Astronomical Perspective

    Introduction

    Distance Scales in the Universe

    The Big Bang

    Limitations on Big Bang Nucleosynthesis

    Galaxy and Star Formation

    Structure and Classification of Galaxies

    Classification of Stars

    Stellar Evolution

    Star Clusters

    Stellar Origins

    Outline of Star Formation

    Stellar Explosions and Nucleosynthesis

    Nuclear Cosmochronology

    III General Description of the Solar System

    Introduction

    The Sun

    Orbits of the Planets

    Properties of the Planets

    Mass and Angular Momentum Distribution

    Satellites

    Asteroids

    Comets

    Meteors

    Meteorites

    Cosmic Dust

    Cosmic Rays

    Planetary Science in the Space Age

    Summary

    IV The Sun and the Solar Nebula

    Introduction

    Energy Production in the Sun

    Energy Transport in the Sun

    Internal Structure of the Sun

    Surface of the Sun

    The Chromosphere

    The Corona

    Discovery of the Solar Wind

    Radio Wave Propagation in Space Plasmas

    The Solar Wind

    Chemistry of Solar Material

    Ionization

    Dissociation and Molecule Formation

    Hydrogen and the Rare Gases

    Oxygen, Carbon, and Nitrogen

    Magnesium and Silicon

    Iron

    Sulfur

    Aluminum and Calcium

    Sodium and Potassium

    Nickel and Cobalt

    Phosphorus and the Halogens

    Geochemical Classification of the Elements

    The Chemistry of Rapid Accretion

    Kinetic Inhibition

    Mass and Density of the Solar Nebula

    Thermal Opacity in the Solar Nebula

    Dust Opacity

    Thermal Structure of the Nebula

    Turbulence and Dust Sedimentation

    Accretion of Rocks, Planetesimals, and Planets

    Gas Capture from the Solar Nebula

    The T-Tauri Phase

    Thermal History of the Early Solar System

    V The Major Planets

    Introduction

    Interiors of Jupiter and Saturn: Data

    Isothermal Interior Models of Jupiter and Saturn

    Thermal Models of Jupiter and Saturn

    The Atmospheres of Jupiter and Saturn: Observed Composition

    Tropospheric Composition and Structure: Theory

    Cloud Condensation in the NH3-H20-H2S System

    Cloud Physics on the Jovian Planets

    Ion Production in the Jovian Atmosphere

    Visible and Infrared Radiative Transfer

    Horizontal Structure and Atmospheric Circulation

    Photochemistry and Aeronomy

    The Jovian Thermosphere

    Radiophysics and Magnetospheres of Jupiter and Saturn

    The Interiors of Uranus and Neptune

    Atmospheres of Uranus and Neptune

    Perspectives

    VI Pluto and the Icy Satellites of the Outer Planets

    Introduction

    Surfaces of Icy Satellites

    Eclipse Radiometry

    Surface Temperatures

    Surface Morphology of the Galilean Satellites

    Density and Composition of Icy Satellites

    Internal Thermal Structure of Galilean Satellites

    Dynamical Interactions of the Galilean Satellites

    Thermal and Tectonic Evolution of Icy Satellites

    Minor Satellites of Jupiter

    Planetary Rings

    Titan

    The Intermediate-Sized Saturnian Satellites

    Minor Satellites of Saturn

    Satellites of Uranus

    Satellites of Neptune

    The Pluto-Charon System

    The Neptune-Pluto Resonance

    Spacecraft Exploration

    VII Comets and Meteors

    Historical Perspectives

    The Nature of Comets

    Cometary Orbits

    Heating by Passing Stars

    Evaporation and Nongravitational Forces

    The Nucleus and Coma of P/Halley

    Chemistry and Photochemistry of Water

    Further Chemical Processes in the Coma and Tail

    Behavior of Small Particles

    Dynamical Behavior of Dust in Space

    Meteors

    Cometary Fireballs

    Cometary Impacts on Jupiter

    VIII Meteorites and Asteroids

    Introduction

    Introduction to Meteorites

    Meteorite Orbits

    Phenomena of Fall

    Physical Properties of Meteorites

    Meteorite Minerals

    Composition of Chondrites

    Composition of Achondrites

    Composition of Stony-Irons

    Composition of Irons

    Isotopie Composition of Meteorites

    Genetic Relationships between Meteorite Classes

    Introduction to Asteroids

    Asteroid Orbits

    Stability of Trojan Orbits

    Sizes, Shapes, and Albedos of Asteroids

    Masses and Densities of Asteroids

    Photometry and Spectroscopy of Asteroids

    Thermal Evolution of Asteroids

    Dynamical Evolution of the Asteroid Belt

    Relationships among Asteroids, Meteorites, and Comets

    Asteroid Resources

    IX The Airless Rocky Bodies: lo, Phobos, Deimos, the Moon, and Mercury

    Introduction

    Orbits and Physical Structure of Phobos and Deimos

    Io: General Properties

    Io: Surface Processes

    Io: Internal Energy Sources

    Io: Geology

    Io: Atmospheric and Volcanic Gases

    Io: Escape and the Plasma Torus

    Io: Genetic Relationships

    Impact Cratering

    Motions of the Moon

    Physical Properties of the Moon

    Composition of the Moon

    Lunar Rock Types

    Lunar Minerals

    Lunar Elemental Abundance Patterns

    Geology of the Moon

    Geophysics of the Moon

    History of the Earth-Moon System

    Origin and Internal Evolution of the Moon

    Solar Wind Interaction with the Moon and Mercury

    The Planet Mercury

    Motions of Mercury

    Composition and Structure of Mercury

    Noncrater Geology of Mercury

    Geophysics of Mercury

    Atmospheres of Mercury and the Moon

    Polar Deposits on Mercury and the Moon

    Unfinished Business

    X The Terrestrial Planets: Mars, Venus, and Earth

    Introduction

    Mars

    Motions of Mars

    Density and Figure of Mars

    Geophysical Data on Mars

    Gravity and Tectonics of Mars

    Geology of Mars

    Surface Composition

    Viking Lander Investigations

    The Shergottite, Nakhlite, and Chassignite Meteorites

    Atmospheric Structure

    Atmospheric Circulation

    Atmospheric Composition

    Photochemical Stability and Atmospheric Escape

    Explosive Blowoff

    Origin and Evolution of the Atmosphere

    Organic Matter and the Origin of Life

    Venus

    Motions and Dynamics of Venus

    Geophysical Data on Venus

    Geology of Venus

    Venus: Atmospheric Structure and Motions

    Venus: Atmospheric Composition

    Venus: Atmosphere-Lithosphere Interactions

    Venus: Photochemistry and Aeronomy

    Venus: Atmospheric Escape

    Venus: Planetary Evolution

    Earth

    Earth: Motions

    Earth: Internal Structure

    Earth: Magnetic Field and Magnetosphere

    Earth: Surface Geology

    Earth: Early Geological History

    Earth: Biological History

    Earth: Geochemistry and Petrology

    Weathering in the Rock Cycle

    Earth: Atmospheric Composition and Cycles

    Radiocarbon Dating

    Photochemistry and Aeronomy

    Escape and Infall

    Polar Ice, Glaciation, and Ice Ages

    Life: Origins

    Life: Stability and the Biosphere

    XI Planets and Life about Other Stars

    Introduction

    Chemical and Physical Prerequisites of Life

    The Stellar Environment

    The Search for Planets of Other Stars

    The Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence

    XII Future Prospects

    Introduction

    Mercury

    Venus

    Earth's Moon

    Mars

    Asteroids

    Jupiter

    Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune

    Pluto

    Comets

    Beyond the Solar System

    Appendix I: Equilibrium Thermodynamics

    Heat and Work

    Adiabatic Processes and Entropy

    Useful Work and the Gibbs Free Energy

    Chemical Equilibrium

    Exact and Complete Differentials

    The Maxwell Relations

    Appendix II: Absorption and Emission of Radiation by Quantum Oscillators

    Appendix III: Exploration of the Solar System

    Appendix IV: Basic Physical Constants

    Suggested Readings

    Introduction

    Chapter I. Introduction

    Chapter II. Astronomical Perspective

    Chapter III. General Description of the Solar System

    Chapter IV. The Sun and the Solar Nebula

    Chapter V. The Major Planets

    Chapter VI. Pluto and the Icy Satellites of the Outer Planets

    Chapter VII. Comets and Meteors

    Chapter VIII. Meteorites and Asteroids

    Chapter IX. The Airless Rocky Bodies: Io, Phobos, Deimos, the Moon, and Mercury

    Chapter X. The Terrestrial Planets: Mars, Venus, and Earth

    Chapter XI. Planets and Life about Other Stars

    Chapter XII. Future Prospects

    Index


Product details

  • No. of pages: 566
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1995
  • Published: June 27, 1995
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483214139

About the Author

John S. Lewis

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