Physicochemical Hydrodynamics: An Introduction aims to provide an introduction to physicochemical hydrodynamics (PCH), which deals with the interaction between fluid flow and physical, chemical, and biochemical processes. PCH has applications in many areas of science and technology and is a rapidly expanding field. Emphasis of this book is on rational theory and its consequences, with the purpose of showing the underlying unity of PCH, in which diverse phenomena can be described in physically and mathematically similar ways. The magic of this unity is shown in the similar manner in which solutes concentrate in a flow containing chemically reacting surfaces, reverse osmosis membranes, and electrodialysis membranes or the similarity of particle motions in sedimentation, centrifugation, ultrafiltration, and electrophoresis. Problems are included at the end of each chapter and are ordered following the sequence in which the material is set out. The questions range in difficulty, with most requiring an analytic development, but with some asking only for a descriptive answer. All problems are intended to illustrate the ideas presented, though often the solution goes beyond the explicit discussion in the book, with the answer constituting a generalization or extension of the text material. This book is an essential source of information for students majoring in the field of PCH.
Preface Acknowledgments Chapter 1 Introduction 1.1 Physicochemical Hydrodynamics 1.2 Fluid and Flow Approximations 1.3 Particle and Pore Geometry References Chapter 2 Transport in Fluids 2.1 Phenomenological Models 2.2 Viscosity and Momentum Transport 2.3 Thermal Conductivity and Heat Transport 2.4 Diffusivity and Mass Transport 2.5 Electrical Conductivity and Charge Transport References Problems Chapter 3 Equations of Change 3.1 Isothermal 3.2 Nonisothermal 3.3 Multicomponent 3.4 Charged Species 3.5 Characteristic Parameters References Problems Chapter 4 Solutions of Uncharged Molecules 4.1 Diffusion and Reaction Kinetics 4.2 Convective Diffusion Layer Characteristics 4.3 Channel Flow with Soluble or Rapidly Reacting Walls 4.4 Reverse Osmosis and Mixed Heterogeneous Reactions 4.5 Flow Past a Reacting Flat Plate 4.6 Taylor Dispersion in a Capillary Tube 4.7 Gel Chromatography and Capillary Models of Porous Media References Problems Chapter 5 Solutions of Uncharged Macromolecules and Particles 5.1 Microhydrodynamics of Macromolecules and Particles 5.2 Brownian Motion 5.3 Viscosity of Dilute Suspensions 5.4 Sedimentation under Gravity 5.5 Sedimentation in a Centrifugal Field 5.6 Ultrafiltration References Problems Chapter 6 Solutions of Electrolytes 6.1 The Electrolytic Cell 6.2 Electrodialysis 6.3 Ion Exchange 6.4 The Electric Double Layer and Electrokinetic Phenomena 6.5 Electroosmosis References Problems Chapter 7 Solutions of Charged Macromolecules and Particles 7.1 The Charge of Macromolecules and Particles 7.2 Electrophoresis 7.3 Electrophoretic Separations 7.4 Sedimentation Potential and Streaming Potential References Problems Chapter 8 Suspension Stability and Particle
- No. of pages:
- © Butterworth-Heinemann 1989
- 24th March 1989
- eBook ISBN:
Massachusetts Institute of Technology