Physicochemical Hydrodynamics - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780409900897, 9781483162225

Physicochemical Hydrodynamics

1st Edition

An Introduction

Authors: Ronald F. Probstein
Editors: Howard Brenner
eBook ISBN: 9781483162225
Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
Published Date: 24th March 1989
Page Count: 368
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Description

Physicochemical Hydrodynamics: An Introduction aims to provide an introduction to physicochemical hydrodynamics (PCH), which deals with the interaction between fluid flow and physical, chemical, and biochemical processes. PCH has applications in many areas of science and technology and is a rapidly expanding field. Emphasis of this book is on rational theory and its consequences, with the purpose of showing the underlying unity of PCH, in which diverse phenomena can be described in physically and mathematically similar ways. The magic of this unity is shown in the similar manner in which solutes concentrate in a flow containing chemically reacting surfaces, reverse osmosis membranes, and electrodialysis membranes or the similarity of particle motions in sedimentation, centrifugation, ultrafiltration, and electrophoresis. Problems are included at the end of each chapter and are ordered following the sequence in which the material is set out. The questions range in difficulty, with most requiring an analytic development, but with some asking only for a descriptive answer. All problems are intended to illustrate the ideas presented, though often the solution goes beyond the explicit discussion in the book, with the answer constituting a generalization or extension of the text material. This book is an essential source of information for students majoring in the field of PCH.

Table of Contents


Preface

Acknowledgments

Chapter 1 Introduction

1.1 Physicochemical Hydrodynamics

1.2 Fluid and Flow Approximations

1.3 Particle and Pore Geometry

References

Chapter 2 Transport in Fluids

2.1 Phenomenological Models

2.2 Viscosity and Momentum Transport

2.3 Thermal Conductivity and Heat Transport

2.4 Diffusivity and Mass Transport

2.5 Electrical Conductivity and Charge Transport

References

Problems

Chapter 3 Equations of Change

3.1 Isothermal

3.2 Nonisothermal

3.3 Multicomponent

3.4 Charged Species

3.5 Characteristic Parameters

References

Problems

Chapter 4 Solutions of Uncharged Molecules

4.1 Diffusion and Reaction Kinetics

4.2 Convective Diffusion Layer Characteristics

4.3 Channel Flow with Soluble or Rapidly Reacting Walls

4.4 Reverse Osmosis and Mixed Heterogeneous Reactions

4.5 Flow Past a Reacting Flat Plate

4.6 Taylor Dispersion in a Capillary Tube

4.7 Gel Chromatography and Capillary Models of Porous Media

References

Problems

Chapter 5 Solutions of Uncharged Macromolecules and Particles

5.1 Microhydrodynamics of Macromolecules and Particles

5.2 Brownian Motion

5.3 Viscosity of Dilute Suspensions

5.4 Sedimentation under Gravity

5.5 Sedimentation in a Centrifugal Field

5.6 Ultrafiltration

References

Problems

Chapter 6 Solutions of Electrolytes

6.1 The Electrolytic Cell

6.2 Electrodialysis

6.3 Ion Exchange

6.4 The Electric Double Layer and Electrokinetic Phenomena

6.5 Electroosmosis

References

Problems

Chapter 7 Solutions of Charged Macromolecules and Particles

7.1 The Charge of Macromolecules and Particles

7.2 Electrophoresis

7.3 Electrophoretic Separations

7.4 Sedimentation Potential and Streaming Potential

References

Problems

Chapter 8 Suspension Stability and Particle Capture

8.1 Colloid Stability

8.2 Brownian and Velocity Gradient Flocculation

8.3 Particle Capture by Brownian Diffusion and Interception

8.4 Particle Capture with Surface Forces

8.5 Filtration and Drag Models of Porous Media

References

Problems

Chapter 9 Surface Tension

9.1 Physics of Surface Tension

9.2 Capillarity and Capillary Motion

9.3 Coating Flows

9.4 Surface Waves and Jet Breakup

9.5 Flows Driven by Surface Tension Gradients

References

Problems

Appendixes

A. SI Units and Physical Constants

B. Symbols

Author Index

Subject Index

Details

No. of pages:
368
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Butterworth-Heinemann 1989
Published:
Imprint:
Butterworth-Heinemann
eBook ISBN:
9781483162225

About the Author

Ronald F. Probstein

About the Editor

Howard Brenner

Affiliations and Expertise

Massachusetts Institute of Technology