Photosynthesis - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780126754100, 9781483220383


1st Edition

The Biochemistry of Plants

Editors: M. D. Hatch N. K. Boardman
eBook ISBN: 9781483220383
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 2nd December 1987
Page Count: 446
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The Biochemistry of Plants: A Comprehensive Treatise, Volume 10: Photosynthesis provides information pertinent to the biochemistry of photosynthesis. This book discusses the advances in the field of photosynthesis and emphasizes that not only certain synthetic bacteria and microalgae but also other aquatic phototrophs possess mechanisms for concentrating CO2 or bicarbonate in their cells.

Organized into six chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the ways of minimizing the wasteful oxygenase reaction catalyzed by the enzyme. This text then examines the molecular basis underlying the structure of the chloroplast thylakoid membrane and its biogenesis during the maturation of the chloroplast. Other chapters consider the dynamics of the thylakoid membrane, including the role of protein phosphorylation and the lateral distribution of electrical charge and protein components. This book discusses as well the molecular processes governing the development of the organelle.

This book is a valuable resource for plant biochemists, neurobiochemists, molecular biologists, senior graduate students, and research workers.

Table of Contents

List of Contributors

General Preface

Preface to Volume 10

1 The Molecular Basis of Chloroplast Development

I. Introduction

II. The Chloroplast Genome

III. Replication of the Chloroplast Genome

IV. Regulation of Plastid Gene Expression

V. Nuclear Genes that Encode Plastid Proteins

VI. Phy tochrome

VII. Advances in Chlorophyll Synthesis

VIII. The Chloroplast Envelope

IX. Processing of Cytoplasmically Made Precursors of Plastid Proteins

X. Assembly of Complexes in Thylakoid Membranes

XI. Conclusions


2 Composition, Organization, and Dynamics of the Thylakoid Membrane in Relation to Its Function

I. Introduction

II. Thylakoid Lipids

III. Thylakoid Proteins

IV. Thylakoid Membrane Organization

V. Thylakoid Membrane Dynamics

VI. Final Comment


3 Rubisco: Structure, Mechanisms, and Prospects for Improvement

I. Introduction

II. The Catalytic Bifunctionality of Rubisco: A Fixed Constraint in the Architecture of Life?

III. Structure and Synthesis

IV. Mechanisms of Carbamylation and Catalysis

V. Mechanisms for Modulating Activity

VI. Subunit Interactions

VII. Evolution of Rubisco

VIII. Prospects for a Better Rubisco


4 The CO2-Concentrating Mechanism in Aquatic Phototrophs

I. Introduction

II. Historical Perspectives

III. The Significance of the CO2-Concentrating Mechanism

IV. The Essential Components of the CO2- Concentrating Mechanism

V. The CO2-Concentrating Mechanism in Cyanobacteria and Green Microalgae

VI. Induction of the CO2-Concentrating Mechanism

VII. Evidence for the CO2-Concentrating Mechanism in Other Aquatic Phototrophs

VIII. The Ecological Importance of the CO2- Concentrating Mechanism


5 Biochemistry of C3-C4 Intermediates

I. Introduction

II. Occurrence: Families, Genera, and Species

III. Properties of Intermediates

IV. Carbon Isotope Composition of Intermediates Relative to Mechanism of Photosynthesis

V. Biochemistry of Photosynthesis in Intermediates in Relation to Developmental and Environmental Factors

VI. Genetically Based Differences in the Biochemistry of Photosynthesis within an Intermediate Species

VII. Features of Hybrids Between Different Photosynthetic Types

VIII. A Theoretical Scheme of Evolution of C4 Photosynthesis Based on Intermediate Species

IX. Concluding Remarks


6 Control of Photosynthetic Sucrose Formation

I. Introduction

II. Biosynthesis of Sucrose in Leaves

III. Metabolite Levels during Sucrose Synthesis

IV. Regulatory Properties of the Individual Steps in Sucrose Synthesis

V. Regulation of Fructose 2,6-Bisphosphate Concentration

VI. Coarse Control of SPS

VII. Coordinate Control of Sucrose Formation by SPS and the Cytosolic Fructose 1,6-Bisphosphatase

VIII. Adaptation of the Regulation of Sucrose Synthesis

IX. Limitation of Photosynthesis by Sucrose Synthesis



Contents of Other Volumes


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© Academic Press 1987
Academic Press
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About the Editor

M. D. Hatch

N. K. Boardman

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