Photosynthesis

Photosynthesis

The Biochemistry of Plants

1st Edition - December 2, 1987

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  • Editors: M. D. Hatch, N. K. Boardman
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483220383

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Description

The Biochemistry of Plants: A Comprehensive Treatise, Volume 10: Photosynthesis provides information pertinent to the biochemistry of photosynthesis. This book discusses the advances in the field of photosynthesis and emphasizes that not only certain synthetic bacteria and microalgae but also other aquatic phototrophs possess mechanisms for concentrating CO2 or bicarbonate in their cells. Organized into six chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the ways of minimizing the wasteful oxygenase reaction catalyzed by the enzyme. This text then examines the molecular basis underlying the structure of the chloroplast thylakoid membrane and its biogenesis during the maturation of the chloroplast. Other chapters consider the dynamics of the thylakoid membrane, including the role of protein phosphorylation and the lateral distribution of electrical charge and protein components. This book discusses as well the molecular processes governing the development of the organelle. This book is a valuable resource for plant biochemists, neurobiochemists, molecular biologists, senior graduate students, and research workers.

Table of Contents


  • List of Contributors

    General Preface

    Preface to Volume 10

    1 The Molecular Basis of Chloroplast Development

    I. Introduction

    II. The Chloroplast Genome

    III. Replication of the Chloroplast Genome

    IV. Regulation of Plastid Gene Expression

    V. Nuclear Genes that Encode Plastid Proteins

    VI. Phy tochrome

    VII. Advances in Chlorophyll Synthesis

    VIII. The Chloroplast Envelope

    IX. Processing of Cytoplasmically Made Precursors of Plastid Proteins

    X. Assembly of Complexes in Thylakoid Membranes

    XI. Conclusions

    References

    2 Composition, Organization, and Dynamics of the Thylakoid Membrane in Relation to Its Function

    I. Introduction

    II. Thylakoid Lipids

    III. Thylakoid Proteins

    IV. Thylakoid Membrane Organization

    V. Thylakoid Membrane Dynamics

    VI. Final Comment

    References

    3 Rubisco: Structure, Mechanisms, and Prospects for Improvement

    I. Introduction

    II. The Catalytic Bifunctionality of Rubisco: A Fixed Constraint in the Architecture of Life?

    III. Structure and Synthesis

    IV. Mechanisms of Carbamylation and Catalysis

    V. Mechanisms for Modulating Activity

    VI. Subunit Interactions

    VII. Evolution of Rubisco

    VIII. Prospects for a Better Rubisco

    References

    4 The CO2-Concentrating Mechanism in Aquatic Phototrophs

    I. Introduction

    II. Historical Perspectives

    III. The Significance of the CO2-Concentrating Mechanism

    IV. The Essential Components of the CO2- Concentrating Mechanism

    V. The CO2-Concentrating Mechanism in Cyanobacteria and Green Microalgae

    VI. Induction of the CO2-Concentrating Mechanism

    VII. Evidence for the CO2-Concentrating Mechanism in Other Aquatic Phototrophs

    VIII. The Ecological Importance of the CO2- Concentrating Mechanism

    References

    5 Biochemistry of C3-C4 Intermediates

    I. Introduction

    II. Occurrence: Families, Genera, and Species

    III. Properties of Intermediates

    IV. Carbon Isotope Composition of Intermediates Relative to Mechanism of Photosynthesis

    V. Biochemistry of Photosynthesis in Intermediates in Relation to Developmental and Environmental Factors

    VI. Genetically Based Differences in the Biochemistry of Photosynthesis within an Intermediate Species

    VII. Features of Hybrids Between Different Photosynthetic Types

    VIII. A Theoretical Scheme of Evolution of C4 Photosynthesis Based on Intermediate Species

    IX. Concluding Remarks

    References

    6 Control of Photosynthetic Sucrose Formation

    I. Introduction

    II. Biosynthesis of Sucrose in Leaves

    III. Metabolite Levels during Sucrose Synthesis

    IV. Regulatory Properties of the Individual Steps in Sucrose Synthesis

    V. Regulation of Fructose 2,6-Bisphosphate Concentration

    VI. Coarse Control of SPS

    VII. Coordinate Control of Sucrose Formation by SPS and the Cytosolic Fructose 1,6-Bisphosphatase

    VIII. Adaptation of the Regulation of Sucrose Synthesis

    IX. Limitation of Photosynthesis by Sucrose Synthesis

    References

    Index

    Contents of Other Volumes

Product details

  • No. of pages: 446
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1987
  • Published: December 2, 1987
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483220383

About the Editors

M. D. Hatch

N. K. Boardman

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