The Biochemistry of Plants

1st Edition - June 28, 1981

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  • Editors: M. D. Hatch, N. K. Boardman
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483220376

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The Biochemistry of Plants: A Comprehensive Treatise, Volume 8: Photosynthesis provides information pertinent to the biochemistry of photosynthesis. This book focuses on the photosynthesis of higher plants but some consideration is given to algal and bacterial photosynthesis. Organized into 11 chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the excitation of a light-harvesting pigment by an absorbed light quantum. This text then discusses the evidence to support the hypothesis that chlorophyll–protein complexes are represented at the supramolecular level by some of the intramembranous particles seen on chloroplast freeze-fracture faces. Other chapters consider the absorption of light energy by accessory pigments and transferred to chlorophyll in the blue-green, red, and brown algae. This book discusses as well that certain cyanobacteria respond to the color of the incident light by altering their biliprotein composition. The final chapter deals with dark reaction of photosynthesis. This book is a valuable resource for plant biochemists, neurobiochemists, molecular biologists, senior graduate students, and research workers.

Table of Contents

  • List of Contributors

    General Preface

    Preface to Volume 8

    1 Thylakoid Membrane and Pigment Organization

    I. Introduction

    II. Thylakoid Lipids

    III. Chlorophyll-Protein Complexes of Higher Plants and Green Algae

    IV. Fractionation of Chloroplasts by Procedures That Do Not Involve SDS

    V. Localization of Components within Thylakoid Membranes

    VI. Chlorophyll-Protein Complexes in Organisms That Have Accessory Pigments Other Than Chlorophyll b

    VII. Structure of Higher Plant and Green Algae Thylakoid Membranes Deduced from Electron Microscope Studies

    VIII. Structure of Other Photosynthetic Organisms


    2 Photosynthetic Accessory Proteins with Biiin Prosthetic Groups

    I. Introduction

    II. Classification of Cyanobacterial and Rhodophytan Biliproteins

    III. Phycobilin Prosthetic Groups

    IV. Subunit Structure of the Phycobiliproteins

    V. Relationships among Biliproteins: Evolutionary Implications

    VI. Aggregation Properties of Biliproteins

    VII. Spectroscopic Properties of Biliproteins

    VIII. Ultrastructure of Higher Assembly Form of Biliproteins

    IX. Phycobilisomes

    X. Cryptomonad Biliproteins


    3 Primary Processes of Photosynthesis

    I. Introduction

    II. Basic Properties of Chlorophyll Molecules

    III. The Photosystem I Reaction Center

    IV. The Photosystem II Reaction Center

    V. Energy Transfer in the Photosynthetic Apparatus


    4 Photosynthetic Electron Transport and Photophosphorylation

    I. Historical Background

    II. From Water to Photosystem II

    III. From Photosystem II to Photosystem I

    IV. From Photosystem I to NADP

    V. Photophosphorylation: General

    VI. Mechanism of Photophosphorylation

    VII. Partial Reactions of Photophosphorylation

    VIII. Concluding Remarks


    5 Photosynthetic Carbon Reduction Cycle

    I. Definition

    II. Formulation

    III. Principal Aspects

    IV. The Reactions of the PCR Cycle

    V. Regulation


    6 The C4 Pathway

    I. Introduction: What Is a C4 Plant?

    II. Whole Leaf Measurements of C4 Photosynthesis

    III. Simplified Scheme of the C4 Cycle

    IV. C4 Subgroups

    V. Methodology and Approaches to the Study of C4

    VI. In Vitro Studies in a C4 Subgroup Illustrated (NADP-ME)

    VII. Regulation at the Cellular Level

    VIII. Subcellular Organelles in C 4 : Structure and General Function

    IX. Starch, Sucrose, and Nitrate Assimilation in C4

    X. Significance of C4 Photosynthesis


    7 Crassulacean Acid Metabolism

    I. Introduction

    II. Malic Acid Synthesis in the Dark

    III. Metabolism during the Transition from Dark to Light

    IV. Malic Acid Consumption in the Light

    V. Photosynthetic Metabolism following Deacidification

    VI. Circadian Rhythms and Regulation of CAM

    VII. Concluding Summary


    8 The C2 Chemo- and Photorespiratory Carbon Oxidation Cycle

    I. Introduction

    II. The Carboxylation or Oxygenation of Ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate as the Primary Events in the C3 and C2 Cycles

    III. Mapping the Remainder of the C2 Cycle

    IV. Differences Between the C2 Carbon Oxidation Cycle of Respiration and "Dark Respiration"

    V. The Function of the C2 Cycle

    VI. Concentrating CO2 at the Site of Carboxylation: A Strategy for Suppressing Photorespiration

    VII. The Evolution of Photorespiration

    VIII. Unresolved Problems


    9 Chlorophyll Biosynthesis

    I. Introduction

    II. The Biochemical Sequence

    III. Control of Chlorophyll Biosynthesis


    10 Development of Photosynthetic Function During Chloroplast Biogenesis

    I. Introduction

    II. Structural Aspects of Chloroplast Development

    III. The Development of Photosynthetic Electron Transport and Photophosphorylation

    IV. The Development of the Photosynthetic Carbon Pathway

    V. The Development of the Chloroplast Envelope

    VI. The Development of Photosynthetic Function During Illumination

    VII. The Control of the Development of Photosynthetic Function


    11 Light-Energy-Dependent Processes Other Than CO2 Assimilation

    I. Introduction

    II. Light-Coupled Reduction of Oxaloacetate and the C4 Dicarboxylic Acid Shuttle

    III. Light-Coupled Reduction and Assimilation of Inorganic Nitrogen

    IV. Light-Coupled Reduction and Assimilation of Inorganic Sulfur

    V. Light-Coupled Reduction of Oxidized Glutathione and Associated Reductive Reactions

    VI. Light-Coupled Activation of Chloroplast Enzymes

    VII. Concluding Remarks



    Contents of Other Volumes

Product details

  • No. of pages: 540
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1981
  • Published: June 28, 1981
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483220376

About the Editors

M. D. Hatch

N. K. Boardman

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