Photoplethysmography

Photoplethysmography

Technology, Signal Analysis and Applications

1st Edition - November 3, 2021

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  • Editors: Panicos Kyriacou, John Allen
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128235256
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128233740

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Description

Photoplethysmography: Technology, Signal Analysis, and Applications is the first comprehensive volume on the theory, principles, and technology (sensors and electronics) of photoplethysmography (PPG). It provides a detailed description of the current state-of-the-art technologies/optical components enabling the extreme miniaturization of such sensors, as well as comprehensive coverage of PPG signal analysis techniques including machine learning and artificial intelligence. The book also outlines the huge range of PPG applications in healthcare, with a strong focus on the contribution of PPG in wearable sensors and PPG for cardiovascular assessment.

Key Features

  • Presents the underlying principles and technology surrounding PPG
  • Includes applications for healthcare and wellbeing
  • Focuses on PPG in wearable sensors and devices
  • Presents advanced signal analysis techniques
  • Includes cutting-edge research, applications and future directions

Readership

Students and researchers in the broad field of biomedical engineering, to clinical and industry researchers in healthcare technologies, medical devices, or wearable sensors, specialists in clinical physiological measurement, and to entrepreneurs and innovators in technologies for healthcare and wellbeing

Table of Contents

  • Cover Image
  • Title Page
  • Copyright
  • Table of Contents
  • Contributors
  • Preface
  • Foreword
  • Chapter 1 Introduction to photoplethysmography
  • Abstract
  • 1.1 Principle of photoplethysmography
  • 1.2 History of photoplethysmography
  • 1.3 Chapter overview
  • References
  • Chapter 2 The origin of photoplethysmography
  • Abstract
  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 PPG basic working principle
  • 2.3 Theoretical background
  • 2.4 The origin of the photoplethysmogram
  • 2.5 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 3 Photoplethysmography technology
  • Abstract
  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 Single Wavelength Instrumentation
  • 3.3 Multiwavelength instrumentation
  • 3.4 Future trends
  • References
  • Chapter 4 Photoplethysmography signal processing and synthesis
  • Abstract
  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 The Photoplethysmogram Signal
  • 4.3 Photoplethysmogram Signal Processing
  • 4.4 Photoplethysmogram Signal Synthesis
  • 4.5 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgment
  • References
  • Chapter 5 Photoplethysmography in oxygenation and blood volume measurements
  • Abstract
  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.2 PPG in pulse oximetry
  • 5.3 PPG for assessing tissue blood volume and perfusion
  • 5.4 Summary
  • Acknowledgment
  • References
  • Chapter 6 Photoplethysmography for the assessment of peripheral vascular disease
  • Abstract
  • 6.1 Introduction
  • 6.2 PPG assessment of the peripheral arteries
  • 6.3 PPG for microcirculation assessment
  • 6.4 PPG for venous assessment
  • 6.5 Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 7 Photoplethysmographic assessment of arterial stiffness and endothelial function
  • Abstract
  • 7.1 Introduction
  • 7.2 Arterial stiffness
  • 7.3 Endothelial function
  • 7.4 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 8 Low-frequency variability in photoplethysmography and autonomic function assessment
  • Abstract
  • 8.1 Introduction
  • 8.2 Vasomotor waves and PPG variability
  • 8.3 Monitoring of blood pressure variability, pulse rate variability, and heart-rate-variability
  • 8.4 Wider application areas for PPG in autonomic-related assessments
  • 8.5 Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 9 Physical and physiological interpretations of the PPG signal
  • Abstract
  • 9.1 Introduction
  • 9.2 Plethysmography
  • 9.3 Interpretation of the photoplethysmographic signal
  • 9.4 Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 10 PPG in clinical monitoring
  • Abstract
  • 10.1 Introduction
  • 10.2 Clinical monitoring uses
  • 10.3 PPG waveform morphology assessments
  • 10.4 Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 11 Photoplethysmography in noninvasive blood pressure monitoring
  • Abstract
  • 11.1 Introduction
  • 11.2 Clinical BP measurement methods
  • 11.3 Photoplethysmography
  • 11.4 Volume clamping via finger cuff-PPG devices
  • 11.5 Oscillometry via PPG-force sensor units
  • 11.6 Pulse transit time detected via PPG waveform(s)
  • 11.7 PPG waveform feature extraction
  • 11.8 Conclusions
  • Acknowledgment
  • References
  • Chapter 12 Wearable photoplethysmography devices
  • Abstract
  • 12.1 Introduction
  • 12.2 Hardware configurations for wearable photoplethysmography devices
  • 12.3 Physiological parameters
  • 12.4 Commercially available devices
  • 12.5 Applications
  • 12.6 Conclusion and future work
  • Acknowledgements
  • References
  • Chapter 13 Imaging photoplethysmography and its applications
  • Abstract
  • 13.1 Introduction: Fundamentals of imaging photoplethysmography
  • 13.2 Heart rate and heart-rate-variability monitoring
  • 13.3 Evaluation of neurogenic reactivity and fractional blood flow of the musculocutaneous vessels
  • 13.4 Objective early diagnosis of Raynaud's phenomenon assessing vascular response to cold exposure by IPPG
  • 13.5 IPPG to assess endothelial function during heat exposure
  • 13.6 Revealing microcirculation parameters in scleroderma skin lesions
  • 13.7 Assessment of vascular reactivity in response to topical capsaicin application and other pharmacological impact
  • 13.8 Intraoperative monitoring of cortical blood flow parameters
  • 13.9 Identification of functioning skin capillaries
  • 13.10 Summary
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 14 Photoplethysmography: New trends and future directions
  • Abstract
  • 14.1 Photoplethysmography in biometrics
  • 14.2 Photoplethysmography phantoms and simulators
  • 14.3 Future directions
  • Uncited References
  • References
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 506
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2021
  • Published: November 3, 2021
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128235256
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128233740

About the Editors

Panicos Kyriacou

Panicos A. Kyriacou is a Professor of Biomedical Engineering and Director of the Biomedical Research Centre at City, University of London, UK. Prof Kyriacou has a long track record in basic and applied research in Photoplethysmography (PPG). His primary focus is the utilisation of PPG for the innovation of new disruptive technologies for the early diagnosis of disease and the facilitation of unobtrusive health and fitness monitoring.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor of Biomedical Engineering and Director, Biomedical Research Centre, City University of London, UK

John Allen

John Allen is a Professor of Biosensors and Bioinstrumentation at Coventry University, UK. Prof. Allen has an established track record in research covering novel vascular optical sensing technologies for the assessment of the microcirculation and innovative PPG pulse measurement and analysis for the detection of (cardio-)vascular disease. He is a registered Clinical Scientist and has wide-ranging expertise in clinical physiological measurement.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor of Biosensors and Bioinstrumentation, Coventry University, UK

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