Photoelectron Spectroscopy

Photoelectron Spectroscopy

Chemical and Analytical Aspects

1st Edition - January 1, 1972

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  • Authors: A. D. Baker, D. Betteridge
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483152363

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Photoelectron Spectroscopy provides an introduction to the principles of photoelectron spectroscopy, including its applications in structural and analytical chemistry. It deals with both X-ray and UV-photoelectron spectroscopy. This book begins with the basic principles of electron spectroscopy and describes the UV photoelectron spectrometers and X-ray photoelectron spectrometers. It then lists several factors influencing the appearance of the photoelectron spectra. This book concludes by describing other forms of electron spectroscopy and photoelectron techniques. Students and chemists who are looking for a readable introduction to photoelectron spectroscopy will find this book useful.

Table of Contents

  • Preface

    1. Basic Principles

    2. Factors Underlying Instrumentation and Their Bearing on the Interpretation of Results


    (a) The Different Types of Sources

    (b) Source Energies

    (c) The Width of Photon Emission Lines

    Sample Introduction

    (a) UV-Photoelectron Spectrometers

    (b) X-Ray Photoelectron Spectrometers

    Energy Analysis of the Ejected Electrons, and Related Factors Affecting the Resolution

    Electron Multipliers and Counting Equipment


    3. Fundamental Factors Affecting the Appearance of a Spectrum

    Factors Influencing The Shapes of Bands in the Spectra

    General Points

    (a) Spin-Orbit Coupling

    (b) Vibrational Fine Structure

    (c) Dissociation

    (d) The Jahn-Teller Effect

    (e) Exchange Splitting and Multiplet Splitting

    Factors Influencing the Position of Bands in the Spectra

    Examples of the Photoelectron Spectra of Simple Atoms and Molecules

    (a) Rare Gases

    (b) Nitrogen

    (c) Water

    Complicating Factors

    Auger Effect and Autoionization


    4. Interpretation of UV-Photoelectron Spectra

    General Comments

    Electronegativity and Inductive Effects

    Mesomeric Effects

    "Lone-Pair" Non-Bonding Orbitals and Interactions between Them

    Interactions between π-Systems and Lone-Pair Orbitals


    Cis- and Trans-1,3,- Dichloropropene

    Vinyl Halides

    Substituted Benzenes

    Heterocyclic Compounds

    Steric Effects

    The Perfluoro Effect


    Future Developments and Other Studies

    Review of Other Studies


    5. Structural Effects on Core Electron Binding Energies and X-Ray Photoelectron Spectra

    Chemical Shifts

    (a) General Comments

    (b) Correlations of Chemical Shifts with Other Parameters


    6. Analytical Applications


    Analysis By X-Ray PES (ESCA)

    (a) Sample

    (b) Calibration

    Qualitative Analysis

    Quantitative Analysis

    (c) Application to the Study of Surfaces and Surface Layers

    (d) Applications in Polymer Chemistry


    (e) Introduction of Sample

    (f) Calibration

    (g) Qualitative Identification

    (h) Mixtures

    Quantitative Aspects


    7. Other Forms of Electron Spectroscopy

    Auger Electron Spectroscopy (AS)

    Electron-Impact Energy-Loss Spectroscopy (EIS)

    Ion Neutralization Spectroscopy (INS)

    Angular Distributions of Photoelectrons

    Other Photoelectron Techniques


    Appendix 1. Inner-Shell Orbital Lonization Potentials for Atoms

    Appendix 2. First Lonization Potentials of Atoms, cV

    Appendix 3. Selected Approximate Orbital Lonization Potentials of Some Small Molecules, eV

    Appendix 4. Selected Values of Inner-Shell Binding Energies Measured by Photoelectron Spectroscopy

    Appendix 5. The Calculation of Partial Charges on Atoms in Molecules

    Appendix 6. Probability of Auger Transition as a Function of Atomic Number


    Other Titles in the Series

Product details

  • No. of pages: 190
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1972
  • Published: January 1, 1972
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483152363

About the Authors

A. D. Baker

D. Betteridge

About the Editors

R. Belcher

H. Freiser

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