Photobiomodulation in the Brain

Photobiomodulation in the Brain

Low-Level Laser (Light) Therapy in Neurology and Neuroscience

1st Edition - July 13, 2019

Write a review

  • Editors: Michael Hamblin, Ying-Ying Huang
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128153055
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128153062

Purchase options

Purchase options
DRM-free (PDF, Mobi, EPub)
Sales tax will be calculated at check-out

Institutional Subscription

Free Global Shipping
No minimum order


Photobiomodulation in the Brain: Low-Level Laser (Light) Therapy in Neurology and Neuroscience presents the fundamentals of photobiomodulation and the diversity of applications in which light can be implemented in the brain. It will serve as a reference for future research in the area, providing the basic foundations readers need to understand photobiomodulation’s science-based evidence, practical applications and related adaptations to specific therapeutic interventions. The book covers the mechanisms of action of photobiomodulation to the brain, and includes chapters describing the pre-clinical studies and clinical trials that have been undertaken for diverse brain disorders, including traumatic events, degenerative diseases and psychiatric disorders.

Key Features

  • Provides a much-needed reference on photobiomodulation with an unprecedented focus on the brain and its disorders
  • Features a body of world-renowned editors and chapter authors that promote research, policy and funding
  • Discusses the recent and rapid accumulation of literature in this area of research and the shift towards the use of non-invasive techniques in therapy


Neuroscientists/neurologists, gerontologists, psychiatrists

Table of Contents

  • Part I: Basic considerations and in vitro
    1. Photobiomodulation therapy and the brain: an innovative tool for therapy and discovery
    Praveen R. Arany
    2. Theoretical neuroscience
    Marcelo Victor Pires de Sousa, Marucia Chacur, Daniel Oliveira Martins and Carlo Rondinoni
    3. Photobiomodulation of cultured primary neurons: role of cytochrome c oxidase
    Margaret Wong-Riley and Huan Ling Liang
    4. Photobiomodulation on cultured cortical neurons
    Ying-Ying Huang and Michael R. Hamblin
    5. Safety and penetration of light into the brain
    Erica B Wang, Ramanjot Kaur, Manuel Fierro, Evan Austin, Linda Ramball Jones and Jared Jagdeo
    6. Near-infrared photonic energy penetration—principles and practice
    Theodore A. Henderson and Larry D. Morries
    7. Light sources and dosimetry for the brain and whole body
    James D. Carroll
    8. Mechanisms of photobiomodulation in the brain
    Michael R. Hamblin

    Part II: Studies in animal models
    9. Transcranial photobiomodulation for stroke in animal models
    Luis De Taboada and Michael R. Hamblin
    10. Photobiomodulation in photothrombotic stroke
    Lorelei Tucker, Luodan Yang, Yong Li and Quanguang Zhang
    11. Remote photobiomodulation as a neuroprotective intervention—harnessing the indirect effects of photobiomodulation
    Luke Gordon, Boaz Kim, Claudia Petrucco, Ji Yeon Kim, Patrick Benson, Jonathan Stone and Daniel M. Johnstone
    12. Photobiomodulation for traumatic brain injury in mouse models
    Michael R. Hamblin
    13. Photobiomodulation and mitochondria for traumatic brain injury in mouse models
    Mei X. Wu and Michael R. Hamblin
    14. Photobiomodulation for depression in animal models
    Farzad Salehpour, Javad Mahmoudi, Saeed Sadigh-Eteghad and Paolo Cassano
    15. Transcranial photobiomodulation treats Alzheimer’s disease in amyloid-β protein precursor transgenic mice
    Luis De Taboada and Michael R. Hamblin
    16. Low-level laser therapy to the bone marrow: a new therapeutic approach to neurodegenerative diseases
    Amir Oron and Uri Oron
    17. The experimental evidence for photobiomodulation-induced cellular and behavioral changes in animal models of Parkinson’s disease: a template for translation to patients
    Nabil El Massri and John Mitrofanis
    18. Effects of near-infrared low-level laser stimulation on neuronal excitability
    Ljubica M. Konstantinovic and Sasa R. Filipovic
    19. Photobiomodulation for multiple sclerosis in animal models
    M.A. Tolentino and J.A. Lyons
    20. Hepatic encephalopathy and photobiomodulation: experimental models and clinical features
    Natalia Arias, Juan Dıaz Gonza´lez, Alberto Martın Pernıa and Jorge L Arias
    21. Photobiomodulation in animal models of retinal injury and disease
    Janis T. Eells
    22. Transcranial photobiomodulation therapy for pain: animal models, dosimetry, mechanisms, perspectives
    Marcelo Victor Pires de Sousa, Nathali Cordeiro Pinto and Elisabeth Mateus Yoshimura

    Part III: Cinical studies
    23. The challenge of effectively translating transcranial near-infrared laser therapy to treat acute ischemic stroke
    Paul A. Lapchak
    24. Effects of photobiomodulation on traumatic brain injury: proposed clinical assessment
    Sherry Fox and Victoria Campbell
    25. Transcranial, red/near-infrared light-emitting diode therapy for chronic traumatic brain injury and poststroke aphasia: clinical studies
    Margaret A. Naeser, Paula I. Martin, Michael D. Ho, Maxine H. Krengel, Yelena Bogdanova, Jeffrey A. Knight, Andrea Fedoruk, Michael R. Hamblin and Bang-Bon Koo
    26. Photobiomodulation as a potential therapeutic strategy for improving cognitive and functional outcomes in traumatic brain injury
    Thomas J. Covey, David W. Shucard, Melissa Meynadasy, Thomas Mang and Praveen R. Arany
    27. Advanced neuroimaging methods for assessment of low-level light therapy
    Suk-tak Chan, Maria Gabriela Longo, Eva-Maria Ratai and Rajiv Gupta
    28. Treatment of traumatic brain injury with near-infrared light
    Larry D. Morries and Theodore A. Henderson
    29. Photobiomodulation: a novel approach to treating Alzheimer’s disease
    Lew Lim, Genane Loheswaran, Reza Zomorrodi, Anita Saltmarche and Linda Chao
    30. Electroencephalography as the diagnostic adjunct to transcranial photobiomodulation
    Reza Zomorrodi, Genane Loheswaran and Lew Lim
    31. Can photobiomodulation enhance brain function in older adults?
    Agnes S. Chan, Michael K. Yeung and Tsz L. Lee
    32. Noninvasive neurotherapeutic treatment of neurodegeneration: integrating photobiomodulation and neurofeedback training
    Marvin H. Berman, Trent Nichols, Jason Huang and Damir Nizamutdinov
    33. Transcranial photobiomodulation therapy: observations from four movement disorder patients
    Catherine Hamilton, David Hamilton, Frank Nicklason and John Mitrofanis
    34. Cerebral blood flow in the elderly: impact of photobiomodulation
    Afonso Shiguemi Inoue Salgado, Francisco Jose´ Cidral-Filho,
    Daniel Fernandes Martins, Ivo I. Kerppers and Rodolfo Borges Parreira
    35. Transcranial photobiomodulation for major depressive and anxiety disorders and for posttraumatic stress disorder
    Marco Antonio Caldieraro and Paolo Cassano
    36. Action at a distance: laser acupuncture and the brain
    Nicholas Alexander Wise
    37. Signature wounds of war: a case study
    George Louis Lindenfeld and George Rozelle
    38. Transcatheter intracerebral photobiomodulation in degenerative brain disorders: clinical studies (Part 1)
    Ivan V. Maksimovich
    39. Transcatheter intracerebral photobiomodulation in ischemic brain disorders: clinical studies (Part 2)
    Ivan V. Maksimovich
    40. Russian low level laser therapy techniques for brain disorders
    Sergey V. Moskvin and Andrey V. Kochetkov
    41. Laser treatment of central nervous system injuries: an update and prospects
    L. Longo
    42. Photobiomodulation treatment for brain disorders: posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and dementia
    Randy Lamartiniere, Rhett Bergeron, Ronald Aung-Din, Matthew Bennett, William Stephan and Louis Banas
    43. What we don’t know and what the future holds
    Michael R. Hamblin

Product details

  • No. of pages: 656
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2019
  • Published: July 13, 2019
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128153055
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128153062

About the Editors

Michael Hamblin

Michael R Hamblin Ph.D. is a Principal Investigator at the Wellman Center for Photomedicine at Massachusetts General Hospital, an Associate Professor of Dermatology at Harvard Medical School and is a member of the affiliated faculty of the Harvard-MIT Division of Health Science and Technology. He was trained as a synthetic organic chemist and received his PhD from Trent University in England. His research interests lie in the areas of photodynamic therapy (PDT) for infections, cancer, and heart disease and in low-level light therapy (LLLT) for wound healing, arthritis, traumatic brain injury and hair-regrowth. He directs a laboratory of around a sixteen post-doctoral fellows, visiting scientists and graduate students. His research program is supported by NIH, CDMRP, USAFOSR and CIMIT among other funding agencies. He has published 252 peer-reviewed articles, over 150 conference proceedings, book chapters and International abstracts and holds 8 patents. He is Associate Editor for 7 journals, on the editorial board of a further 12 journals and serves on NIH Study Sections. For the past 9 years Dr Hamblin has chaired an annual conference at SPIE Photonics West entitled "Mechanisms for low level light therapy" and he has edited the 9 proceedings volumes together with four other major textbooks on PDT and photomedicine. He has several other book projects in progress at various stages of completion. In 2011 Dr Hamblin was honored by election as a Fellow of SPIE.

Affiliations and Expertise

Harvard Medical School, Cambridge, MA, USA

Ying-Ying Huang

Dr. Huang is an instructor at Harvard University. She completed her dermatology residency at Sun Yat-Sen University in Guangzhou, China and her postdoctoral work at the Wellman Center for Photomedicine in Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School. She has years of experience in drug screening in vitro and in vivo cancer therapies and maintains research in clinical dermatology.

Affiliations and Expertise

MD, Harvard Medical School, Cambridge, MA, USA

Ratings and Reviews

Write a review

Latest reviews

(Total rating for all reviews)

  • FarzadSalehpour Thu Jan 09 2020



  • Lida (. Thu Sep 12 2019

    Photobiomodulation in the Brain

    Photobiomodulation in the Brain

  • MarvinBerman Mon Sep 02 2019

    Photobiomodulation in the Brain

    This is a comprehensive introduction to an important field of clinical practice that will support the transformation of healthcare in a very positive direction. PBM offers a perspective on how people can take more ownership of their health and wellbeing using safe, reliable, low cost, easily deployed tools. More study is needed to hone the application of these techniques and their integration into the existing healthcare delivery system.

  • ValerieWalker Fri Aug 30 2019

    An excellent compilation of information

    An excellent compilation of information in a format that lends itself to all levels of interest.