Pharmacological and Biophysical Agents and Behavior - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780122699504, 9781483273839

Pharmacological and Biophysical Agents and Behavior

1st Edition

Editors: Ernest Furchtgott
eBook ISBN: 9781483273839
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1971
Page Count: 414
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Description

Pharmacological and Biophysical Agents and Behavior is a compendium of papers that discusses the effects of radiations, drugs, or other similar agents on human behavior. This collection is a reference guide to the analysis of behavioral effects of other agents such as those produced by radiation, hypoxia. or thermal stress. One paper reviews the effects of material or corpuscular radiations and electromagnetic radiations that even low doses occurring during the prenatal stage can result in permanent behavioral deficits. Another paper notes that any hazards resulting from the increasing use of microwave generating devices should be investigated as the possibility of such subtle hazards can affect learning, emotional, and personality behaviors. One paper analyzes the chronic effects of thermal stress on behavior, as well as those of convulsants (strychnine) and general stimulants (caffeine). The book also reviews the effects of sympathomimetic amines on emotional behavior, sleep, activity, food intake, and temperature regulation. This compendium can prove beneficial for pharmacologists, psychiatrists, psychologists, students, and professors in related disciplines.

Table of Contents


List of Contributors

Preface

1. Behavioral Effects of Ionizing Radiations

I. Basic Physical Concepts

II. Basic Radiobiological Concepts

III. Developing Organisms

IV. The Adult Organism

V. Radiation as a Stimulus

VI. Genetic Effects

VII. Aging

VIII. Radioisotopes as Tools

IX. General Summary

References

2. Nonionizing Radiations

I. Introduction

II. Historical Background

III. Somatic Distribution

IV. Neuronal Effects

V. Central Nervous System Effects

VI. Autonomic Effects

VII. Neurohumoral Effects

VIII. Endocrine Effects

IX. Ontogenetic Effects

X. Motivation-Emotion

XI. Activity-Motor Behavior

XII. Convulsive Behavior

XIII. Sensory and Perceptual Effects

XIV. Learning

XV. Summary

References

3. Hypoxia

I. Introduction

II. Acute Effects

III. Chronic Effects

IV. Residual Effects

V. Conclusion

References

4. Ambient Temperature

I. Introduction

II. Heat Exchange between Man and His Environment

III. Physiology of Thermoregulation

IV. Thermal Stress Indices

V. Thermal Stress and Behavior: Acute Effects

VI. Thermal Stress and Behavior: Chronic Effects

VII. Behavioral Effects: Hypotheses and Concepts

VIII. Research Problems

References

5. Central Nervous System Stimulants

I. Introduction

II. Behavioral Effects of Convulsants

III. Xanthines

IV. Magnesium Pemoline

V. Conclusions

References

6. Sympathomimetic Amines

I. Pharmacology

II. Emotional Behavior in Man

III. Behavior Disorders due to Abuse

IV. Behavioral and Electrophysiological Arousal and Activation

V. Sleep

VI. Activity

VII. Food Intake

VIII. Temperature Regulation

IX. Species Specific Behaviors

X. Behavioral Development

XI. Acquisition and Performance of Instrumental Responses

XII. Concluding Remarks

References

7. Behavioral Effects of Atropine and Scopolamine

I. Effects on Passive Avoidance Behavior

II. Conditioned Suppression

III. Positively Reinforced Opérant Behavior

IV. Active Avoidance

V. Habituation

VI. Discussion and Summary

References

Author Index

Subject Index


Details

No. of pages:
414
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1971
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9781483273839

About the Editor

Ernest Furchtgott